The Coming Gnostic Civilization, and his most recent book, Sedona: City of the Star People.

The Truth Behind the Christ Myth: Ancient Origins of the Often Used Legend – Part I

What is the origin of the legend of the Christed Son who was born of a virgin on December 25th? I am sure you are familiar with his legend which states that he was born in a manger surrounded by shepherds and then grew up to be One with his Father in Heaven.  And most certainly you recall the sequence of events when this Christed Son gathered together his important disciples before enduring his death by torture and his subsequent resurrection. And, finally, there is the scene at the end of his time on Earth when he prophesied his return and then ascended into Heaven.

Now for my question to you: Who amongst you is now mumbling under his or her breath “This can only be the legend of the Christians’ Jesus Christ”?  Well…to the rest of you, I would like to inform you that many years before the birth of Jesus a legend identical to his was the accepted life story of the Persian Son of God, Mithras. And before Mithras, a very similar legend was ascribed to various other Sons of God worldwide, including the Greek Dionysus, the Egyptian Osiris, the Sumerian Dammuzi, and the Hindu Murugan. In fact, if we keep going back in time many thousands of years earlier we will discover that this universal legend actually began with the Green Man, the Son of a virgin Goddess who was born, died, and finally resurrected each and every year.     

So how did this oft-used legend eventually become chosen to be the legend of Jesus? Let us begin when it was the life story of the ancient Green Man and work forward to the time of the Christian Son of God. 

The Ancient Green Man

During the Neolithic Age, which was the era when, as some say, “God was a Woman,” the Goddess and Her Son, the Green Man, were venerated by people worldwide for annually bringing forth the Earth’s material abundance. A universal legend about them arose that began with the annual impregnation of the “virgin” Earth Goddess by the Sun, the “Father in Heaven,” and the subsequent birth of Her Son, the Green Man. This important event occurred annually at the time of the Winter Solstice, when the spirit of the Green Man that had been slumbering underground in the underworld was shaken back to life. But although his dormant spirit had been stirred, it was not yet fully awake. This did not occur until a few days later, on December 25th, when the Sun or Solar Spirit completely reversed its downward path and took measurable steps along a northerly route.

This was an important “As Above, So Below” event. It was believed the renewed and revitalized Solar Spirit above in the Heavens had re-awakened and revitalized the spirit of his Son below and inside the Earth.  And now the future Green Man could begin his annual gestation period with the womb of his mother, the virginal Earth, in anticipation of receiving a new, resurrected body in the spring. 

Sculpture of Green Man at festival.

Sculpture of Green Man at festival. ( CC BY-NC-SA 2.0 )

The legend of the Goddess and Green Man then skips to the Vernal Equinox, when the Green Man is ready to finally emerge from the womb of his mother. This is the time when the “male” light equals the “female” darkness, and their male-female polarity fully unites to produce a fresh infusion of life force to cover and fertilize the land. The fetal body of the Green Man is now ready to push out of the womb of his mother Earth in the form of the new tender sprouts of spring. Soon, his annual resurrection will be complete. This will occur on or around the same day as our Easter, a modern holiday associated with the much more recent resurrection of another Son of a virgin. 

The legend of the Green Man then covers the hot summer months, when the Son rapidly matures as the rapidly maturing vegetative growth of nature. He matures so fast, in fact, that the Green Man not only becomes One with his Father in Heaven, but he even mates with and inseminates his own mother. Their co-habitation produces a second infusion of the fructifying life force on Earth and manifests as a second proliferation of vegetation and accompanying harvest. Ultimately, this event would serve to hasten the Green Man’s demise, and soon he would die again with the decaying vegetation and the falling of leaves of autumn. The cause of his death? The sacerdotal interpreters of his legend would later assert that it occurred because of the sins of humanity. It was believed through original sin humanity had given up not only its own right, but the right of all life on Earth, to achieve eternal life.    

At the close of the Neolithic Age, when civilizations arose in place of a purely agrarian culture, the ancient legend of the Goddess and Green Man expanded and took on religious overtones. It became a standard myth that was annually recited and dramatically staged in the temples and the mystery schools of the new fledgling cities, nations and empires. A feature of its evolving storyline was that the Green Man now took on the additional role of King of the World, which he governed under the authority of his Earth mother. And in some renditions of the legend the Son was said to have met his death in the fall at the hands of his unscrupulous brother or a dark, evil lord. 

Ishtar and Tammuz

In the cities of Meopotamia the Neolithic legend transformed into the story of the Goddess as Inanna or Ishtar who annually gave birth to a Green Man Son and future king under the name of Dammuzi or Tammuz. It was said that Dammuzi/Tammuz grew up to mate with his own mother while also governing the Earth for her. In order that this ancient legend be reflected in their culture, the inhabitants of the Fertile Crescent enthroned rulers of their city-states who were acknowledged to be the embodiments of Dammuzi/Tammuz and the royal servants of Goddess Inanna/Ishtar.

“Unearthed in the main room of the palace of Arad. It depicts two almost identical images of a man with a branch- or sheaf shaped head, one lying down and the other standing. It may represent the fertility god Tammuz or a similar deity, who died in summer and was resurrected in spring, Museum of Israel.”

“Unearthed in the main room of the palace of Arad. It depicts two almost identical images of a man with a branch- or sheaf shaped head, one lying down and the other standing. It may represent the fertility god Tammuz or a similar deity, who died in summer and was resurrected in spring, Museum of Israel.” ( CC BY-NC-SA 2.0 )

This was also true in Egypt, where the ruling pharaohs were regarded to be incarnations of Horus, the Son of Goddess Isis, and governed under her authority. But in the land of Khemit, although the spirit of the incumbent pharaoh was Horus, his physical body was formed by Seth, the god who governed the crystallization of energy into physical flesh. Together, Horus and Seth as the “Twins” created and comprised the physical body of the pharaoh, thus making the Egyptian monarchs modern representatives of the first and greatest king, Green Man Osiris.

Egyptian deity, Osiris as Green Man.

Egyptian deity, Osiris as Green Man. (Public Domain)

Like the ancient Green Man, Osiris was similarly said to die and become resurrected annually in concert with the life and death of nature’s vegetation. Osiris’s annual resurrection ceremony took place during the annual flood of the Nile River, when the first tender sprouts of nature initially stuck their fragile heads above the surface of the Earth.  

Semele and Dionysus

One version of Osiris’s popular Egyptian myth had him annually murdered by his jealous and evil brother Set each fall. This event was reflected in the legend of Osiris’s counterpart in Greece, Green Man Dionysus, who was annually slain by his relatives, the evil Titans, but later resurrected. Similar to Green Man Osiris, the mother of Dionysus was an Earth Goddess named Semele, meaning “Earth,” and his father was Zeus, the Father in Heaven.

Dionysus as the Green Man

Dionysus as the Green Man (Public Domain)

In order to awaken Dionysus from his slumber at the time of the Winter Solstice, female representatives of the Goddess would loudly bang pots and pans as they danced their way in ritual procession to the snowy summit of Mount Parnassus.  And then after receiving his new set of clothes at the following spring equinox, the Divine Son would cavort in nature along with his own reflection and alter-ego, Pan, a name meaning “the All,” as in “All of Nature.”

Like Osiris, Dionysus became the King of the World, and like his Egyptian counterpart, Dionysus was reputed to have once completely covered the globe while teaching his diverse subjects the art of making and ritually consuming wine.

A young Dionysus.

A young Dionysus. (Public Domain)

Wine made from grapes was recognized as the blood of nature, and since Dionysus was all of nature, it was his blood. Thus began the ritual of a holy communion through consuming the body and blood of the Divine Son. 

[Read Part II: The Truth Behind the Christ Myth: The Green Man and the Legend of Jesus ]

Mark Amaru Pinkham is the author of six books that cover any of the world’s mysteries. They include: The Return of the Serpents of Wisdom, The Truth Behind the Christ Myth, Guardians of the Holy Grail, World Gnosis: The Coming Gnostic Civilization , and his most recent book , Sedona: City of the Star People .   See the entire catalogue at:

Top Image: Green Man painted on a ceiling ( CC BY-NC 2.0 )

By Mark Amaru Pinkham


Interesting article but citations for sources would be appropriate, otherwise it is an opinion piece.

I agree. Not sources mentioned - as in primary sources, not other books.

I have to say this was a very well written article.. I even continued on to read some of your other articles, and you consistently appear to be very well versed in Myth, Legend, and so on. You keep the read as simple as possible, something which is not always an easy task. Very well done.

That being said, I also read thru many of the comments. Many Christians came across poorly, well intending, but their comments, naturally fall on eyes that have been blinded, and ears unable to hear. The thing everyone, rather every Christian, forgets is pretty basic. God, Christ, and the Spirit, has never in the past, Is not here in the present, nor ever will be in the future. Proven to exist, by logic, knowledge, or Science. Point of fact, Never Dis-Proven either. The Green Man, may indeed pre date Christ. BUT. The Green Man has absolutely zero written concerning him, or how he was to arrive,. Nothing, what so ever, giving his exact ancestral lines, nothing that yields warnings of false Messiahs that would come and attempt to deceive. Not so much as a single image, or sentence, telling about him prior to his arrival exists. Christ, however, is spoken of in the texts of one of the 3rd oldest writings known to man. He is mentioned as early as Genesis, and as late as Revelation. Described by Kings, at least 3 kings come to mind. Of course even this statement has to assume some level of belief, not in God, or at least the person who said that maybe the Christian fanatics would finally snap out of it, he will not be believing in God. However, I unlike him, am ok with that. I am not threatened in the most minut way, of other gods, of vastly educated men, of Alpha males who think, that with enough insults and force, people will follow them. Any time, any place, anyone who would like to fund my travel and stay, and set their god in a contest against my God, the one True Living God, Who was.. Who is.. and Who always will be.. I'm your huckle berry. Don't come to me with words. Make sure you are in tune with your god, make certain that you are just as able to admit defeat, as you are winning. I know I am, and I know with 100% confidence, I have done as told. I have tested God and found Him to be Truth. So I'm ok with any other faith on the planet, I can sit down and calmly, with a pure desire to understand, discuss their belief system, as long as they proffer up that same level of respect. See my God, He never said there are no other gods.. HE said Have no other gods BEFORE ME. If men chose to place some other diety before God, I am fine with that. The part where I am no longer fine, is when those claiming to have the REAL TRUTH about the Myth Of Jesus, and the reality of this god or that one, blatanly leave out facts. The Fact is, 900 years before anyone ever heard of the green man, Christ was foretold. Not just baby.. virgin.. yada yada.. We knew 900 years before Jesus came to this earth, who great, great, great grand dad would be (there would be more greats, but just no not even gonna try to think it thru). The trial of Christ is recorded, and SUPPORTED by the Romans who put him to death, and the written records of the time. His Resurection.. (or giving you this one since you lack understanding in the matter. His missing body) is recorded by a group of the Roman government, who had nothing to gain, and all to lose by acknowledging any of this took place. Of, course the fella thinking that somehow I am bewitched or brainwashed or any number of things wrong with my mind, he would say at this point, The Bible you cling to, is pure fiction. written by 5-6 men to control and entertain. Um.. feel free to prove that.. because if that be the case. Those 5-6 men were truly the most amazing men to ever live. They were able to look 3000 years into their future, and make up exact happenings. THAT TURNED OUT TO HAPPEN.. whew. seriously this is where non Christians hope to make their stand.. please. Would you like to know the next 2 HUGE events that are in the WORD. Right now. months, maybe even years before they take place? Not a problem. I will tell you what my God has impressed upon me, and you can call me crazy. Just remember, when they happen, to mention under your breath. Maybe he wasn't crazy. Christ can not have stolen His story and existence from Green Man. Nor can Christ be that new Messiah, that you have said the world needs to re-roll every 2100 years.Why? because science says that Christ, predates the whole lot of them.. Wait, I am not omitting the oldest known written word, or that there was a religion tied to it. However, in the Word of God. the god known as Baal had followers that came before everyone, and insulted the God of Elijah.. Wait now.. you believe in recorded fact yes? and one of the gods involved with the oldest writings known, is named Baal.. This is now what? 1800 BC? when Baal came up before God to prove his greatness.. THEY WAITED FOR DAYS. and nothing happened. Elijah called upon the name of the Lord.. and not only was his offerings comsumed by fire,..,but those offerings intended for Baal. Green Man? He didnt have a dog in the fight. because he had not been heard of yet. Frankly I can go on with things obvious, even to little children for hours on end. I'm nothing special, not well educated as my poor spelling and grammer give away. But I also understand that any seed I throw out will fall on dry ground and be whisked away. God gave you the freedom to chose. Not once did He demand you chose Him. Christ said, if you deny me before men, then I willdeny you before the Father in Heaven.. He also said come unto me like little children, He also said, I am the way the truth and the life, no man can come to the Father, but by me. Finally he said I have set before you two pathways.. one is life.. the other is death.. I wish for you to chose life. No other faith has had even half the number of attempts at discrediting them as Christianity. I understand where you are coming from guys. frankly we can trade sides and I can debate your side as well as you can. You know whats really awesome?? If I am wrong, and you are correct. with all of this being just chance and chaos, nothing to come after.. I am out absolutely nothing. IF I am correct.. then I am truly sorry. Side note. I wasnt always a Christian. The Green Man gained the vast majority of his fame NOT pre Christ.. but Post Christ with the Celtic mages. How do I know? Because I tested that out also. You will never hear me say that Celtic Runic magery is not real. What is it? The devil, just like every other religion has been. Now that my friend is merely my opinion.
Excellent writing I loved reading several of your articles.. Good Day friend.,.

Alan C's picture

Gee, a paragraph now and again would be nice. You know, aiding your poor reader and all.

Fide et Literis

@Alan C.


The problem I have with Christians arguing for their version of truth is that they only have one source – their bible. But unfortunately, in order to debate the validity of the bible, you CANNOT quote the bible – you HAVE to use outside contemporary source material. And there is NONE. You cannot use the bible to argue for its veracity. So pointing to its contents does nothing to convince others who have read a lot of valid material outside of its covers. And the idle threats provided by christians and their precious ‘book’ also do nothing except cause more comtempt for them and their belief. SImply stating it’s the “Word of God” is a childish comment and much like claiming the Easter Bunny is real because I BELIEVE IT! 

Is it really the Word of God?  Let’s see…… if you can read something logical you may be surprised. But you have to take off your blinders. Promise?

So go on with your belief but don’t expect others to share your jaded world view. Besides, the Green Man’s coming soon and when he gets here all you Christians are gonna be really unhappy. Touche’



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