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Deity Rama  Source: Ruslan Batiuk/Adobe Stock

Rama's Bridge: Where Modern Science and Ancient Myths Collide

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Historians, archaeologists, and researchers in our distant past insist that civilized life began on the Earth about 5,000 years ago.  They point to the fact that there is no hard evidence to support the existence of a preexisting culture prior to the rise of the Sumerians and the Egyptians. When alternative historians such as John Anthony West, Robert Schoch and Graham Hancock, proposed that structures on the Giza plateau in Egypt may be far older than currently accepted, their claims were quickly dismissed. Unfortunately for us, no written record exists which documents the date of their construction, so these complex masterpieces are placed in the generally accepted timeline of human development and culture. 

But what if there was evidence? What if a structure that was clearly identified in our written and oral traditions were to be found? And what if the stories associated with that site put it unmistakably outside the generally accepted timeline? If an analysis of both the structure and the associated myths were done and they were both supported by modern science, could it change the face of history, a history we held so dearly?

Myth or Reality: Rama's Bridge in Hindu Tradition

This just might be what has happened at a site discovered in India. Located in the Palk Strait off the Southeastern edge of India is a chain of limestone shoals. A shoal or sandbar is characterized by a long and narrow strip of land typically composed of sand, silt and small pebbles that have been deposited over time. This strip of land was once believed to be a natural formation, however, images taken by a NASA satellite has shown this land formation to be a long-broken bridge under the ocean's surface. Now called "Adam's Bridge", it extends 18 miles (29 km) from mainland India to modern day Sri Lanka. 

The location of Adam's Bridge between India and Sri Lanka. (Google earth)

The location of Adam's Bridge between India and Sri Lanka. (Google earth)

Hindu tradition has long held the belief that this strip of land was a bridge built by their beloved deity Rama as described in the Hindu epic the Ramayana.  It has been referred to since antiquity as "Rama's Bridge" or Rama Setu. Rama is a popular figure in Hindu mythology. The book that chronicles his life, the  Ramayana, is a time-honored classic. It tells of a time when the gods flew on ships through the air and of giants and monsters that walked the earth. Researchers who have analyzed the  Ramayana state that it is an overambitious work of fiction. Is that true? Or is it possible that Adam's Bridge is actually the structure described in this Indian classic? Several pieces of evidence support the claim that Adam's Bridge is the same one described in literature.

The Rama bridge built by the apes. (Public Domain)

The Rama bridge built by the apes. (Public Domain)

Mythological Correlation: Linking the Ramayana Narrative with Adam's Bridge

Rama, according to the  Ramayana, was sent into exile because of a promise his father had made many years before. Rama was joined by his brother Lakshmana and his wife Sita. Through the course of several unfolding events, Sita is kidnapped by the 10-headed demon-king Ravana.  Rama, in an attempt to rescue Seta, assembles an army which includes a large group of ape men, the Vanara. 

A 20th-century painting depicting a scene from the Ramayana, in which Vanaras are building a bridge to Lanka. (Public Domain)

A 20th-century painting depicting a scene from the Ramayana, in which Vanaras are building a bridge to Lanka. (Public Domain)

Sita is being held captive on the island of Lanka. Rama, unable to move his massive forces of ape men across the ocean, is advised by the sea god to build a bridge across the water. Rama enlists the help of the Vanara for its construction. The Vanara build a causeway between the mainland to Lanka, constructing it of rocks and boulders, which are described as resembling mountains. The building project is said to have lasted for five days and to have been 100 leagues in length.  The bridge, once completed, allowed Rama to transport his army of Vanara across the ocean to Lanka. Once there, Ravana is killed and Sita, Rama's wife, is returned.

According to Hindu tradition, Rama lived during the Treta Yuga, a period that began 2,165,000 years ago and extended until about 869,000 years ago. On the surface, this claim seems absurd. One assumption that is often made is that Rama and the many characters that fill the  Ramayana are men and women as we currently know them.  This however does not explain individuals like the 10-headed demon-king Ravana and other strange individuals who inhabit the  Ramayana's pages. If you let go of the belief, just for one moment, that the figures described in this epic tale were human as we currently know them to exist, you will see how only in this light will all of this make sense.

Quarrying Evidence: Supporting Claims of Man-Made Construction

To begin our assessment as to the validity of the claim that Adam's Bridge is the same one talked about in myth, let us first look at the bridge itself. Dr. Badrinarayanan, the former director of the Geological Survey of India performed a survey of this structure and concluded that it was man-made. Dr. Badrinarayanan and his team drilled 10 bore holes along the alignment of Adam's Bridge. What he discovered was startling. About 6 meters (19.68 ft) below the surface he found a consistent layer of calcareous sandstone, corals and boulder like materials.  His team was surprised when they discovered a layer of loose sand, some 4-5 meters (13.12-16.40 ft) further down and then hard rock formations below that. 

A team of divers went down to physically examine the bridge. The boulders that they observed were not composed of a typical marine formation. They were identified as having come from either side of the causeway. Dr. Badrinarayanan also indicates that there is evidence of ancient quarrying in these areas. His team concluded that materials from either shore were placed upon the sandy bottom of the water to form the causeway. 

With the creation of this engineering marvel revealed, we will turn our attention to additional evidence that supports its connection to the  Ramayana, in particular its claim to have been constructed during the Treta Yuga. Earlier we asked you to suspend your belief about the nature of the individuals portrayed in the  Ramayana. And it is not to the gods, the monster nor the main character Rama that we would like to draw your attention, but instead to the Vanara, the ape men, who constructed the bridge for Rama. 

Aerial view of Adam’s bridge. (Plane mad/CC BY-SA 2.5)

Aerial view of Adam’s bridge. (Plane mad/CC BY-SA 2.5)

The Vanara, according to the  Ramayana, were the children of the gods, who were born in the form of the ape.  The gods sired the Vanara just after Rama's birth to help Rama in his war against Ravana. 

Who were these ape men? Could the stories of the Vanara we find in myth be describing our earliest ancestors? Are they talking about us, humankind? It is entirely possible. 

Around 2.5 million years ago (just prior to the opening of the Treta Yuga), human evolution took a major leap with the introduction of the genis "Homo". Homo habilis were the first group of primates that were able to utilize tools. By about 1.8 million years ago, Homo erectus and Homo ergaster made their debut. Homo ergaster was found primarily in Africa, while Homo erectus was located in Eurasia. Studies of these two species suggest that Homo ergaster had a smaller cranial capacity while its cousin Homo erectus a larger one. Studies of Homo erectus' skeletal structure indicate that Homo erectus was robust, which suggests that they were stronger than contemporary man. 

In addition to these physical changes, sites were the bones of Homo erectus have been discovered show evidence that these early men lived in small communities, living in huts as temporary shelters, wore clothes and created stone tools. In a nutshell, they began to display early signs of civilization, a trait that had not been seen before in any other primate group. These "ape men" literally did live during the Treta Yuga. Are the Vanara of myth our ancestors? 

It is interesting to note that the name Adam's Bridge came from an Islamic legend which maintains that Adam, the first man on Earth, traveled across this bridge when he was expelled from paradise. Could Adam, the "first man" and our distant relative also have been a Homo erectus?

Even though the earliest known written copy of the  Ramayana only dates to 1500 BC this epic tale is believed to be much older. Is Adam's Bridge the same one described in literature?  I think so.  What do you think?

Top image: Deity Rama  Source: Ruslan Batiuk/Adobe Stock

By  Dr. Rita Louise

© Copyright Body, Mind & SoulHealer – 2012. All rights reserved.

About The Author:

Bestselling author, Dr. Rita Louise, Ph D is the founder of the Institute of Applied Energetics and the host of Just Energy Radio. She is the author of the books "Dark Angels", "Avoiding the Cosmic 2x4", "The Power Within" and her most recent title "Man-Made: The Chronicles of Our Extraterrestrial Gods".  She has appeared on radio and television and has spoken at conferences covering topics such as health and healing, ghosts, intuition, ancient mysteries and the paranormal.  Visit


Griffith, R. T. 1870.  Ramayan Of Valmiki. London: Benares: E. J. Lazarus and Co.

Kalyanaraman. 2008.  Rama Setu: a man-made structure. Available at:

Lanka Library. 2010.  NASA Images Find 1,750,000-Year-Old Man-Made Bridge between India and Sri Lanka. Available at:

Louise, R., & Laliberte, W. 2012.  Man-Made: The Chronicles of Our Extraterrestrial Gods. Dallas: Soulhealer Press.

Wikimedia Foundation, I. 2012.  Adam's Bridge. Available at:'s_Bridge



Concerning the time of Rama: You have mentioned as 2.5 million years of ago. (in Treta Yuga)

Ramayana explains thiti of Lord Rama’s birth time as, ‘Rama was born on the Navami tithi of Shukla Paksha of Chaitra masa (9th day of the increasing phase of the moon in the lunar month of Chaitra). At that time, the nakshatra was Punarvasu, and Sun, Mars, Saturn, Jupiter and Venus were in Aries, Capricorn, Libra, Cancer and Pisces respectively. Lagna was Cancer and Jupiter & Moon were shining together.’ According to planetarium software, birth date of Lord Rama is, 10 January 5114 BCE at 12.30 PM. Using the same software and planetary positions mentioned in Mahabharata, it has been established that Lord Krishna was born on 21st of July 3228 BCE. Those two dates cannot be some random number as we already know Rama precedes Krishna. And those detailed planetary positions can’t be imagined just to throw some date. Yes, there may be some disputes on the dates provided by planetarium software, but, dates provided by any software or any methods don’t differ by a century from the above mentioned dates. And, a century is minute when we are talking about millennials.

Interesting that the humongous gap in time is nearly exactly what we'd expect if they were counting Sars as of years instead of days, for the Treta Yuga would have been 3912-to-364 BCE (years) near the arrival of Ptah et al ca 3950 BCE, to recent BCE... and the era of mixed mankind was ca 3200 to unknown possibly even extending to the era of Ab-Rama (Abram) who owned India, et al... Not that mankind prior was non intelligent but would not have had millions of years information reality gap.

I believe it's a possibility.

DeAegean's picture

So maybe Rama was actually Moses who was also a shape shifting time traveller?

Tsurugi's picture

Wait....what?? You think Christian beliefs are not labeled as "myth" or "legends"? Actually, they're more often called "fairytales" or "primitive bronze-age superstitions" or something similairly derogatory. "Myth" and "legend" would be an improvement.

Find any mainstream scientist and ask him what he thinks of the creation story in the Hebrew/Christian biblical texts. That should disabuse you of the idea that the beliefs of the Catholic church, Christians, or Jews are in any way given special treatment or held to be factual while all other religious beliefs are labeled "myth" or "legend".

Hell, simply perusing the commentary on this website easily demonstrates that you could not be more wrong in that regard. Ancient religious beliefs and documents are more likely to be treated with respect if they are not associated with Catholicism/Christianity/Jewish beliefs.


Frequently Asked Questions

The Ram Setu bridge is a chain of natural mineral shoals between Pamban Island or Rameswaram Island in Tamil Nadu, India, and Mannar Island in Sri Lanka. The bridge has a great significance as per Hindu mythology and is mentioned in the Ramayana.

The Ramayana is an ancient Sanskrit epic which follows Rama's quest to rescue his beloved wife Sita from the clutches of the demon Ravana with the help of an army of monkeys.

Adam's Bridge, also known as Rama's Bridge or Rama Setu.


Bestselling author Dr. Rita Louise is the founder of the Institute of Applied Energetics and the former host of Just Energy Radio. She is a Naturopathic Physician and a 20-year veteran in the Human Potential Field. She holds a Ph.D.... Read More

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