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Artifacts

There are undoubtedly millions of ancient artifacts from the past that have served to shed light on the lives of our ancestors from many millennia ago. But some ancient mystical artifacts stand out for their uniqueness, their intrigue, or their ability to expand our knowledge about previously unknown aspects of our history. Here we feature many such ancient history artifacts, from amazing examples of ancient technology, to artistic masterpieces, unexplained objects, ancient texts, and mysterious artifacts that shed light on the daily lives of our ancestors.

Earliest Manuscript of Gospel about Jesus

Earliest Manuscript of Gospel about Jesus's Childhood Discovered

For decades, a papyrus fragment with the inventory number P.Hamb.Graec. 1011 lay unnoticed in the archives of the Hamburg Carl von Ossietzky State and University Library. This fragment has recently...
Earliest Manuscript of Gospel about Jesus's Childhood Discovered
A gold pendant from the Anglo-Saxon period

Treasure Trove of 19,000 Artifacts From Prehistory To Anglo-Saxon Britain Found!

Archaeologists have unearthed a whopping treasure trove - approximately 19,000 artifacts spanning from prehistory to the early medieval period at a rare and significant site in the United Kingdom !...
Sheet 15 from the Crosby Schoyen Codex

Crosby-Schøyen Codex, the Oldest Privately Owned Book Sells For $3.9million

By M J C Warren The  Crosby-Schøyen Codex , an important early Christian book containing five distinct texts all copied by the same scribe, is going  up for auction in June  at Christie’s in London...
The grave slabs being recovered from the Dorset shipwreck

Perfect Medieval Grave Slabs Recovered from England’s Oldest Shipwreck

Maritime archaeologists from Bournemouth University have recovered two medieval graves slabs which have been lying at the bottom of Studland Bay for nearly 800 years. The slabs, carved from Purbeck...
Vesuvius eruption devastating Pompeii

New Narrative of Pompeii Survivors Revealed Through Records

Steven L. Tuck /The Conversation On Aug. 24, in AD 79, Mount Vesuvius erupted, shooting over 3 cubic miles of debris up to 20 miles (32.1 kilometers) in the air. As the ash and rock fell to Earth, it...
Five Mysterious Ancient Artifacts That Still Puzzle Archaeologists

Five Mysterious Ancient Artifacts That Still Puzzle Archaeologists

Natasha Harlow /The Conversation Archaeologists are often described as “ stumped ” or “ baffled ” by their discoveries. But, in reality, specialists have a good grasp of what most historical objects...
Mummified crocodile with numerous infant crocodiles adhering to the back

Preserving the Crocodile Mummy at The British Museum (Video)

The conservation of the crocodile mummy at The British Museum is a meticulous process led by Barbara Wills, an expert in the department of Conservation and Scientific Research. The crocodile mummy ,...
Representative examples of the beads analyzed

Glass Beads Drove Transatlantic Trade in Early 17th Century North America

In a recently published study, a pair of researchers from universities in the United States and Canada examined the chemical composition of glass beads made in Europe that were traded among...
A variety of the giant petroglyphs discovered along the Orinoco River

Giant Petroglyphs in South America May Mark Territorial Borders

In the 18th century, explorers navigating the vast Orinoco River, a major waterway spanning the northeastern corner of South America, reported sightings of numerous rock engravings of snakes adorning...
Medieval Game Collection Unearthed in Germany

Medieval Game Collection Unearthed in Germany

A team of researchers has unearthed a nearly 1,000-year-old collection of medieval gaming artifacts, including a rare and exceptionally well-preserved chess piece, game tokens, and dice. These finds...
Farm owner - Rogaland Sword

Discovery of Rare Viking Sword Unearthed in Norway

In the tranquil setting of Suldal, Norway, a remarkable piece of Viking history has come to light. While working on his family farm, Øyvind Tveitane Lovra unearthed a rare Viking sword. The find has...
The twelve interior panels of Jan van Eyck’s Ghent Altarpiece

From Manuscripts to Masterpieces: A Fascinating Dive into Medieval Art

You can tell a lot about a period from its art. For historians, medieval art offers a window into the cultural and artistic expressions of the Middle Ages. Spanning from the decline of the Roman...
Kangyu era jewelry found in Kazakhstan.

2,000-year-old Jewelry and Mirror from Enigmatic Kangyu Culture Found

Archaeologists in Kazakhstan have unearthed significant historical artifacts from three burial mounds in the Tolebaitobe cemetery, Turkestan region. Among these finds is a remarkable bronze mirror...
The seal of the Knights Templar

Two Knights On One Horse: What is the Meaning of the Knights Templar Symbol?

By Andrew Latham /The Conversation Did this seal symbolize the order’s poverty, homosexuality or companionship with Christ?  The Knights Templar, a legendary monastic military order forged in the...
Mosaic depicting the Muse, Calliope, excavated in Side, Turkey.      Source: Republic of Türkiye Ministry of Culture and Tourism

2,200-Year-Old Mosaic of the Muse Calliope Exposed in Turkey

Archaeologists exploring the site of an ancient Greek settlement in southern Turkey unearthed a beautifully preserved mosaic floor dating back to the second century BC. What made this mosaic floor...
FBI has joined the investigation of the the British Museum theft.  Source: coward_lion/Adobe Stock

FBI Joins Hunt for Missing Ancient Treasures from British Museum!

The FBI has joined the Metropolitan Police of Britain in the investigation of the sale of hundreds of artifacts believed to have been stolen from the British Museum in an alleged “inside job.” The US...
Leonardo da Vinci’s sketch of his invention of the giant crossbow. Public Domain

Five Da Vinci Inventions That Could Have Revolutionized Technology

Leonardo da Vinci is one of the most famous artists in history. His genius, however, was not just in his art; Leonardo was also a brilliant inventor in the fields of civil engineering, chemistry,...
One of the text from Roman centurions.        Source: K. Braulińska/PAP

Roman Centurions Leave Mark in Egypt With Papyrus Letters and Pet Cemetery

Polish archaeologists in Berenike have discovered papyruses listing Roman centurions stationed in Egypt, found alongside pottery from Italy, Roman coins, and a distinctive coat buckle, possibly...
Left; Ramesses II statue, Right; Long side of the granite sarcophagus of Ramesses II.

Ramesses II - Original Sarcophagus Identified Within the Valley of Kings

Archaeologists from Sorbonne University have identified the original sarcophagus of Ramesses II, or Ramesses the Great, from a tomb complex designated KV7 in the Valley of Kings. This tomb was near...
A 4,500-year-old dugout canoe found in Lake Mendota.	Source: Wisconsin Historical Society

11 Ancient Canoes at Lake Mendota Reveal Wisconsin's Early Civilizations

Archaeologists from the Wisconsin Historical Society have unearthed up to 11 ancient canoes at the bottom of Lake Mendota in Madison, Wisconsin, offering new insights into the region’s early...
Detail of the 1650-year-old Speyer wine bottle. Source: Wines of Germany

To Open or Not to Open The 1,650-Year-Old Speyer Wine Bottle?

Contemporary historians have been debating for a few years now if they should open the Speyer wine bottle, which is believed to be the world’s oldest bottle of wine. The Historical Museum of the...
The deceased nuns were left in seated positions to decompose. Source: Yellow.Cat from Roma, Italy/ CC BY 2.0

Daily Prayers with Decomposing Corpses: Death Chairs at Aragonese Castle

The Aragonese Castle is a castle built on top of a rocky islet next to Ischia, a small Italian island on the northern end of the Gulf of Naples. Whilst a stronghold is said to have already been built...
Artistic photo showing the replica of the Dendra armor used in the study. 	Source: Flouris et al., 2024, PLOS ONE/CC-BY 4.0

Greek Marines Prove Mycenaean Suit of Armor Was Fit for Battle

A suit of armor found at an archaeological site near the village of Dendra, Greece in 1960 has been linked to the famed kingdom of Mycenae , a militarily powerful Late Bronze age fiefdom that holds...

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