Iron Age Settlement in Scotland

Road works in Scotland uncover 9,000-year-old hunting camp and Iron Age Settlement


A treasure trove of artifacts has been unearthed in Scotland during the building of a new road in Wigtownshire, Scotland, according to a report in The Scotsman . The discovery includes a Mesolithic hunting camp dating back to 7,000 BC, an Iron Age village, and numerous relics spanning a period of thousands of years.

The finding was made during the building of the £17 million A75 Dunragit bypass in Dumfries and Gallway. Transport Minister Keith Brown unveiled full details of the discoveries made during the planning and construction of the bypass.

"The concentration of artifacts from the Mesolithic to post-medieval periods was highly unexpected, but gives an invaluable insight into the land use and settlement of south west Scotland over the past 9,000 years," said Mr Brown.

Archaeological site uncovered during road works in Wigtownshire

Archaeological site uncovered during road works in Wigtownshire. Photo source: BBC

The dwellings uncovered during the project are the earliest known Mesolithic dwellings in south west Scotland, and are believed to have been part of a small temporary hunting camp. Researchers also uncovered more than 13,500 Mesolithic flints.  The Mesolithic period (9,000 – 4,500 BC) dates from the end of the last Ice Age and saw human groups spread throughout mainland and island Scotland. The people were hunter-gatherers, but they were also beginning to ’domesticate’ animals such as cattle and sheep.



An example of a Mesolithic hunting camp

An example of a Mesolithic hunting camp. Image source .

A 130-piece jet bead necklace dating back 4,000 years was of particular interest to archaeologists, who were able to trace its origin in Whitby, North Yorkshire, around 155 miles from where it was found.

"The necklaces are of particular interest because they are the first such necklaces to be uncovered in the south west of Scotland," said Mr Brown, who added that they are “truly remarkable” and helped "shine a light on Scotland's ancient past". 

Other finds include a settlement and flint tools from the early Neolithic period (4,500 – 2,000 BC), a cemetery complex, cremation urns, stone-lined cist burials and grave goods from the Bronze Age (2,500 – 800 BC), and six roundhouses and pottery from the Iron Age (800 BC – 500 AD).  The discovery sheds new light on land use and settlement in the area over the past 9,000 years.

Some of the items uncovered during road works in Scotland

Some of the items uncovered during road works in Scotland. Photo source: BBC

Featured image: Artist’s reconstruction of an Iron Age Settlement. Credit: English Heritage

By April Holloway

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