Founded by Alexander the Great in 331 BC, Alexandria was one of the most important and influential cities of the ancient  world. Located on the Mediterranean coast of Egypt, Alexandria served as a major center of trade, culture, and scholarship.

Under the Ptolemaic dynasty, which ruled Egypt after Alexander's death, Alexandria became a hub of learning and  innovation. The city was home to the famous Library of Alexandria, one of the  largest and most important libraries in the ancient world, which housed  thousands of scrolls and texts on a wide range of subjects, from science and  philosophy to literature and history.

The city was home to some of the most  renowned scholars, scientists, and philosophers of the ancient world, including  Euclid, Eratosthenes, and Hypatia.