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Andrew Michael Chugg

Andrew Michael Chugg read Natural Sciences at Trinity College in the University of Cambridge in the UK, graduating with honours. He is currently an Executive Technical Expert in EMC & Radiation Physics in Bristol, UK. However, he also pursues a parallel career as the author of papers on Alexander the Great published in ancient history and classics journals, such as Greece & Rome and the Ancient History Bulletin . He has appeared as an Alexander expert on BBC Radio, including the Radio 4 Today Program, and in several National Geographic TV documentaries, such as the Alexander’s Tomb episode of National Geographic’s Secrets of Egypt series and the Alexander the Great episode of National Geographic’s Mystery Files .


He has also written various books on Alexander including The Quest for the Tomb of Alexander the Great and Alexander’s Lovers and his research on the tomb and on Alexander’s death has been covered in many newspaper and magazine articles. He recently completed a project to reconstruct the highly influential account of Alexander’s reign by Cleitarchus, which was written in Alexandria in the second quarter of the third century BC, but which has been lost since the time of the Roman Empire. The entire reconstruction was published in a single 700-page volume in 2015.

Andrew is currently working on an account of the largest and most important tomb ever found in Greece in the Kasta Mound at Amphipolis and on a scientific analysis of the Pharos lighthouse in Alexandria, the Seventh Wonder of the ancient world. In September 2017 he presented a paper on Disease and the Death of Alexander the Great at the Disease in the Ancient World Symposium hosted by Green Templeton College in the University of Oxford. In 2018 he gave a lecture tour in Australia including Perth, Melbourne and Sydney on the topics of the Amphipolis Tomb and Alexander’s Tomb. Most recently (February 2020) he has published an analysis of the rarest of Alexander’s coins in the Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia.


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Compilation of the overall appearance of the statue based on Greek and Roman statuettes of the Sun-God and corresponding reconstruction of the 120m (393 ft) tall tower, designed by ©Andrew Michael Chugg

The Pharos Lighthouse Of Alexandria – Second Sun And Seventh Wonder Of The Ancient World

The Pharos lighthouse in Alexandria was constructed in the first two decades of the third century BC and it may have been nominated as one of the world’s Seven Wonders as early as the middle of the...
Amphipolis Tomb: The pebble mosaic in the floor of the second chamber with a damaged area in the center of the original restored in this ©drawing by A. M. Chugg.

Which Mysterious Macedonian Royal Was Buried At Amphipolis?

Amphipolis is situated upon the eastern bank of the River Strymon about five kilometers (3.10 miles) inland from the northern shore of the Aegean Sea. In the time of Alexander the Great and his...
Mark the Evangelist's symbol is the winged lion, the Lion of Saint Mark. Inscription: PAX TIBI MARCE EVANGELISTA MEVS ("peace be upon you, Mark, my evangelist"). The same lion is also symbol of Venice (Public Domain)

Was Alexander the Great Entombed In Venice In Disguise As St Mark?

The Venetians themselves tell how in 828 AD two of their merchants, Tribunus and Rusticus, fetched a mummy from Alexandria in Egypt, which was said to contain the corpse of St Mark the Evangelist...