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A late 19th-century painting of Act IV, Scene 15 of Shakespeare's Antony and Cleopatra: Cleopatra holds Antony as he dies. Source: Alexandre Bida/ CC BY-SA 4.0

Battle of Alexandria 30 BC - The End of Antony and Cleopatra (Video)

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In 30 BC, the Battle of Alexandria marked the culmination of Antony and Cleopatra's struggle against Octavian's forces. Following their defeat at Actium, Antony's remaining troops faced challenges, including disease and dwindling resources. Despite attempts to rally support, many surrendered to Octavian, leading to political repercussions in the East. Octavian, burdened with the upkeep of disbanded troops, sent Agrippa to manage affairs in Italy. However, mutiny threatened stability, prompting Octavian's return and diplomatic efforts to placate discontented veterans.

Meanwhile, Antony and Cleopatra devised strategies to defy Octavian, including envoys and military maneuvers. Cleopatra, aware of the impending siege, prepared for a final stand, while Antony, facing personal setbacks, struggled with depression. As Octavian's forces encircled Alexandria, Antony's attempts to break through were thwarted, culminating in a decisive confrontation.

Despite fleeting victories, Antony's fate seemed sealed. Octavian's meticulous planning and diplomatic maneuvering positioned him for victory, while Antony's desperation grew. Ultimately, the Battle of Alexandria would mark the end of an era, paving the way for Octavian's ascension as the sole ruler of Rome.

Top image: A late 19th-century painting of Act IV, Scene 15 of Shakespeare's Antony and Cleopatra: Cleopatra holds Antony as he dies.           Source: Alexandre Bida/ CC BY-SA 4.0

By Robbie Mitchell

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I’m a graduate of History and Literature from The University of Manchester in England and a total history geek. Since a young age, I’ve been obsessed with history. The weirder the better. I spend my days working as a freelance... Read More

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