Artistic representations of the Paracas people. Credit: Marcia K. Moore

Initial DNA analysis of Paracas elongated skull released – with incredible results


Paracas is a desert peninsula located within the Pisco Province in the Inca Region, on the south coast of Peru.  It is here were Peruvian archaeologist, Julio Tello, made an amazing discovery in 1928 – a massive and elaborate graveyard containing tombs filled with the remains of individuals with the largest elongated skulls found anywhere in the world. These have come to be known as the ‘ Paracas skulls ’. In total, Tello found more than 300 of these elongated skulls, which are believed to date back around 3,000 years. A DNA analysis has now been conducted on one of the skulls and expert Brien Foerster has released preliminary information regarding these enigmatic skulls.

It is well-known that most cases of skull elongation are the result of cranial deformation, head flattening, or head binding, in which the skull is intentionally deformed by applying force over a long period of time. It is usually achieved by binding the head between two pieces of wood, or binding in cloth. However, while cranial deformation changes the shape of the skull, it does not alter its volume, weight, or other features that are characteristic of a regular human skull.



The Paracas skulls, however, are different.  The cranial volume is up to 25 percent larger and 60 percent heavier than conventional human skulls, meaning they could not have been intentionally deformed through head binding/flattening. They also contain only one parietal plate, rather than two. The fact that the skulls’ features are not the result of cranial deformation means that the cause of the elongation is a mystery, and has been for decades. 

Artistic - Elongated Skull

An artist’s impression based on a Paracas skull. Photo credit: Marcia Moore / Ciamar Studio

Mr. Juan Navarro, owner and director of the local museum, called the Paracas History Museum, which houses a collection of 35 of the Paracas skulls, allowed the taking of samples from 5 of the skulls. The samples consisted of hair, including roots, a tooth, skull bone and skin, and this process was carefully documented via photos and video. Samples from three skulls were sent to the geneticist, although the geneticist was not given any information about what they came from until after the genetic testing, so as not to create any preconceived ideas.  

The results of a DNA analysis of one of the skulls are now back, and Brien Foerster, author of more than ten books and an authority on the ancient elongated headed people of South America, has just revealed the preliminary results of the analysis. He reports on the geneticist's findings:

It had mtDNA (mitochondrial DNA) with mutations unknown in any human, primate, or animal known so far. But a few fragments I was able to sequence from this sample indicate that if these mutations will hold we are dealing with a new human-like creature, very distant from Homo sapiens, Neanderthals and Denisovans.

The implications are of course huge. “I am not sure it will even fit into the known evolutionary tree,” the geneticist wrote. He added that if the Paracas individuals were so biologically different, they would not have been able to interbreed with humans.

The result of this analysis is only phase one of many phases of analysis due to take place.  The next tests will involve having the initial test replicated, and conducted on other skulls, so that the results can be compared to see if there are any specific Paracas characteristics. We will update when more details emerge.

Watch the video interview with Brien Foerster revealing new details about the genetic analysis.

Featured Image: An elongated skull found in Paracas

By April Holloway


Peter Harrap's picture

Tall headressesamong the Pharoahs of Egypt and the Lamas of Tibet appear at first to indicate visually links with the Divine, also noted as being common among sadhus in India. There are other examples in many cultures.

This people whose skulls are contructed in a way different to our own, and who it appears lived with us or, at least, alongside us years ago, have always seemed to me to be the reason for the "crowns" of Egypt, for these massively elongated headresses, designed obviously to cover such a very different physiognomy that might instill fear in the ordinary population.

I have always made that connection, and also believe that after their disappearance that headbinding began as a hommage, yes, but also in the hope of attaining the powers these people are alleged to have had.

In Egypt I believe that it was these people who lived in the Pyramids, which were their homes, offering them much-needed protection from the heat , and their subjugated human populations.

But I do not believe that the Pharoahs were like them. Rather that after they had gone that the pharoahs took over the buildings these beings had left behind, initiating a cult linking them with their predecessors and gaining and holding authority through the pretence of being as they were, or at least descended from them, and that thesepeople are the ones who instructed human beings first, everywhere on Earth in the skills and knowledge necessary for civilization, but that they are not responsible at all for the subsequent religions, which possibly all came about as a form of compensation for their absence, caused no doubt, by our violence.

Its just ideas that I have had now for many years, but I have neither evidence nor proof

A far more independent test needs to be done. I would suggest sending the DNA to a typical everyday testing facility that test for parents' DNA with children's DNA for the results. In spite of the fact that any best kept secret can be leaked out, they have no pet theories to cater the results towards.

Giving the samples to a geneticist that refers to the evolution theory is highly circumspect. How many scientists have been found out to be fraudulant, hoping to make a name for themselves?This is why a far more independent test needs to be done; a facility somewhere that has no reason to benefit from the testing.

As a geneticist I can say this statement doesn't even make sense, and no one with a background in genetics would say something like this. Obviously I am also skeptical until I can actually see some data.

"It had mtDNA (mitochondrial DNA) with mutations unknown in any human, primate, or animal known so far. But a few fragments I was able to sequence from this sample indicate that if these mutations will hold we are dealing with a new human-like creature, very distant from Homo sapiens, Neanderthals and Denisovans"

Lloyd Pye explains it all in detail in his "Everything You Know Is Wrong" presentation.

When I was in Peru examining a few of these elongated skulls with Brien, I was impressed with the symmetry of these skulls to differentiate them from the cranial binding effects. Additionally, it is interesting to observe that several of the Egyptian statues show heads with headdresses that display an elongated skull which makes me wonder if the Paracas skull is limited to Peru. I have not spoken to Brien in awhile, but the other finds elsewhere may add a fascinating addition to the questions before us. As a physician, I am naturally very suspicious but I am also very intrigued and plan on further research in this area personally.


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