Prehistoric Lines Across Malta - The Cart Ruts of Misrah Ghar il-Kbir

Prehistoric Lines Across Malta Defy Explanation: The Cart Ruts of Misrah Ghar il-Kbir


The islands of Malta and Gozo in the Maltese archipelago are scarred with hundreds, if not thousands, of parallel lines seemingly cut deep into the stone. These ancient grooves have puzzled experts for centuries. Some of the strange tracks deliberately plunge off cliffs or continue off land and into the ocean. Who made these enigmatic tracks, and why?

The tracks are gouged into the rock, crisscrossing the islands, most notably at Misrah Ghar il-Kbir, a prehistoric cliff site on Malta. Like the impressive Nazca lines of Peru , or giant stone circles in the Middle East , the mysterious nature of the tracks has confounded researchers for years. However, unlike the desert markings done for ceremonial, or a divinely-directed purpose, the so-called “cart ruts” of Malta are thought to be indications of transportation or industry—railways of the ancient world.

The enigmatic cart ruts of Malta, at Misrah Ghar il-Kbir or “Clapham Junction”.

The enigmatic cart ruts of Malta, at Misrah Ghar il-Kbir or “Clapham Junction”. Ronny Siegel/ Flickr

Dubbed cart ruts due to their resemblance to tracks left by carts, it’s not known for certain how or why they were made. These clearly man-made ruts are dual channels, parallel grooves etched into the limestone bedrock of the islands. The channels measure about eight to 15 centimeters deep, but can be as deep as 60 centimeters. Width between the tracks extends about 140 centimeters, but not in all instances. The tracks measured at the San Gwann site in Malta are said to be half a meter in depth, making them the deepest to be found.




If correct, “it seems impossible that any vehicle – sled or wheeled – could be dragged along them as the platform/axle would have to be over 1 or 2 meters high,” notes an article by

Some of the ruts are narrow and deep, squared off as if cut with tools, while others are wide, V shaped, and shallow, as if worn away by time and use. Does this indicate different vehicles for different uses, or does it simply mean the tracks have been weather-worn differently?

Wide, flat-bottomed tracks at Malta.

Wide, flat-bottomed tracks at Malta. Dirk Heitepriem/ Flickr

The purpose of the ruts seem to defy explanation, as some tracks surprisingly travel directly off cliff edges, or up and down very steep ridges, and some even drive off the island and into the sea, continuing underwater.

The ruts are so prevalent at Misrah Ghar il-Kbir that the location has been nicknamed “Clapham Junction” by an Englishman named David Trump. The ruts there are so numerous and seem to cause such a traffic jam that they resemble the complex network of tracks found at the busy railway station switching yard in London, England.

The tangle of tracks at Clapham switching yard, London, England.

The tangle of tracks at Clapham switching yard, London, England. Tadie88/ Flickr

Cart Ruts in Misrah Ghar il-Kbir, Malta.

Cart Ruts in Misrah Ghar il-Kbir, Malta. Wikimedia Commons

Similar types of tracks can be found in Italy, Greece, Turkey, Spain, France and Germany, but they’re not of the same origins and were created for different and known purposes. Some of those tracks were built purposefully with masonry, and some of the patterns were caused by natural erosion on wagon tracks. These differences make the Malta tracks unique in the world.

Archaeologists presume the ruts in Malta were made by repeated use of carts, skids or sleds (wheeled or on runners) going over the same route over decades or centuries. It’s thought that goods may have been transported using this system. Still others wonder if the deliberate channels were a prehistoric irrigation system stretching across the islands. A less accepted theory suggest the lines served an astronomical purpose.

Further complicating the matter is how the carts were moved. If animals were used to draw the carts, their footprints might be evident between or outside the parallel grooves, but there’s no evidence of that. Some researchers thus imagine the carts were pulled or pushed by humans.

It is speculated the lines were left by new settlers who came to Malta from Sicily at the beginning of the Bronze Age, about 2000 B.C. However, Maltese archaeologist Anthony Bonanno theorizes that the ruts are Phoenician constructions, which would date them to the more recent seventh century B.C.

The mysterious lines are connected by some researchers to the amazing temples of Malta. It is thought that the tracks might be the remaining evidence of how the temples were built. Could it be that the sleds were used to transport heavy quarried rock from far off to the temple sites?

The temple sites of Malta and Gozo are famous round the world. The more than 30 stone temple complexes and structures date from 5500 to 2500 B.C. They are said to be the oldest known free standing monuments in the world, older than Stonehenge and the pyramids of Egypt.

Hagar Qim megalithic site in Malta

Hagar Qim megalithic site in Malta. Source: BigStockPhoto

One proposed scenario includes the idea that the cart ruts were created during this Temple Period as topsoil was transported to and from sites in order to create nearby fields for growing crops.

Archaeologist Anthony Bonanno believes that the ruts are undoubtedly associated with the temples. He cites the Buskett-area group of tracks, which runs next to the largest and most important quarry in Malta. Bonanno surmises they were intended to transport huge construction blocks from the quarry to a road in ancient times. Not unlike during the construction of Stonehenge where some of the heavy stones were transported as far as 225 kilometers (140 miles), could it have been that certain types of stones were preferred by the Malta temple builders, and thus any means necessary were used to get them to a build site?

The ruts to not seem to have obvious starting or ending points at megalithic temples in Malta, and so this remains only a theory for now.


Cart Ruts at Misraћ Gћar il-Kbir, Malta

Cart Ruts at Misraћ Gћar il-Kbir, Malta. Wikimedia Commons

It has not been proven that all of the ruts were even caused by heavy loads. A number of tracks seem to be so perfect they might have been cut by hand. Author and journalist Graham Hancock writes, “It is certain, too, that they were not simply worn away in the tough limestone by the passage of cart-wheels over periods of centuries, as many have wrongly theorized; on the contrary, there is no proof whatsoever that cart-wheels ever ran in these ruts - which were initially carved out of the bedrock with the use of tools,” in his book “Underworld: The Mysterious Origins of Civilization”.

So many questions remain surrounding the enigmatic cart ruts of Malta. The channels obviously played an important purpose in the lives of the ancient people who lived there but their significance, and the role they played may never be known—the answers have become a secret lost in time.

The mysterious Cart Ruts of Misrah Ghar il-Kbir.

The mysterious Cart Ruts of Misrah Ghar il-Kbir. Wikimedia Commons

Featured image: Cart Ruts at Misrah Ghar il-Kbir, Malta. Wikimedia Commons


humanist, 2015. Malta Cart Tracks [Online] Available at:

Hirst, K, 2015. Cart Ruts on Malta [Online] Available at:, 2012. Cart Ruts Malta [Online] Available at:

Dmitri, B. 2014. Prehistory Malta: cart ruts & temples [Online] Available at:

Coppens, P. Stuck in a rut? [Online] Available at:   Maltese Cart-ruts [Online] Available at:

By Liz Leafloor


Vlad, thank you for your feedback!
I am thankful to the author(s) for bringing this, as many other very interesting history facts for review. A post has limited space and is unfortunately not exhaustive of the subject.

I still have found no explanation for the tracks and as John Oakley said below: "could it be that these "cart tracks" ...were formed when the rock was still soft and forming?"
The ship explanation was a reasonable one, but I understand we agree it does not stand when looking at the whole picture.

If your connection allows - I understand it is slow :( - and you are interested in further tracks, maybe you can also have a look at the youtube link I posted the 24th below.
If one looks there at the 4:57 mark or 12:46 it just looks like the tracks were done by "something" when the rock was soft.
Indeed very intriguing and interesting tracks :)

Lars, thank you for the link and additional information. I concede to your point and your correct in that I was relying on the Author to provide UNbiased information in the article. A combination of slow internet and to much alternate research had led to my sloppy hypothesis.

Vlad, I think you judge the tracks from the couple of pictures available here.
Look at some additional pictures:

Example the Naxxar group pictures a bit lower down the page. Those parallel long tracks do not make sense in view of the "ship to sea" explanation.
See also "Clapham Junction" further down the site. What a bunch of idiots to make 20 parallel tracks cut in stone to carry easy ships to the sea. Cutting in stone those tracks would take much longer then building a boat I guess. And they do not ran together or flow logically in a junction they just ran crazy down the hill and some criss-cross.

Btw I have not seen such cart-rutes in Scandinavia where we have a tradition of shipbuilding seafaring nation, but similar routes can be seen in the middle of Turkey far far away from the sea.

Well, don't tell that to the people who have boats parked in their driveways. Your thinking of modern ships that are to big to move over land. Back then it was common according to the archeological record to move their ships over long stretches of land. Most ships were no bigger than modern fishing trawlers are today.
There cities may have been built close to whatever resources they needed at the time.
Building cities close to water back then opened the city to being attacked to piracy.

It would make sense to build the ships close to the water. It does not make sense to build a ship on top of the hill and then bring the whole thing in one piece over a longer path. It is easier to carry the components - is what we do nowadays too.

On the other hand we do not know how old are these tracks are. We assume. The tracks could have been above the sea level when created if these are 2-3 times older then assumed.


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