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Some of the many Egyptian statues that are missing their noses

Why are Noses Missing from so Many Egyptian Statues?

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One of the most common questions you will hear within art history’s circles is “Why are the noses missing from so many ancient Egyptian statues?” Is it just a coincidence, or could it possibly be a conspiracy?

Natural Erosion Has Played a Role  

Several archaeologists have suggested erosion could be one of the main reasons this happens to many ancient statues. Harsh winds, shifting mud and sand dunes, the flowing of water, and thousands of years of feet and hands pitter-pattering over relatively delicate materials such as marble and stone will most likely have a pretty damaging effect. Many of these ancient statues have been exposed to these elements for a very long time, while others have been buried under tons of mud and sand for centuries, it's usually the extremities, such as arms, legs and noses that get damaged the most and eventually disappear.

Statues of a young Tutankhamun and his consort Ankesenamun outside at Luxor Temple, Luxor, Egypt.

Statues of a young Tutankhamun and his consort Ankesenamun outside at Luxor Temple, Luxor, Egypt. (Ad Meskens/ CC BY SA 3.0 )

Human Intervention is Definitely Another Major Factor  

Vandalism could be another major factor as to why this phenomenon appears so frequently. A recent example, not in Egypt, is the statue of the famous philosopher Aristotle, which is welcoming visitors at the entrance of the ancient Assos site, in Turkey. The statue of Aristotle, known as the founder of the first philosophy school in history, was erected in 2009 by the Culture Ministry of Turkey at the entrance to the ancient Assos site in the Ayvacık district, but in 2015 it was vandalized after its right arm was removed, while severe distortion was noted on the statue’s face as well.

Who or what damaged this statue of the Ancient Egyptian pharaoh Haremheb as a scribe? Did vandals take his nose?

Who or what damaged this statue of the Ancient Egyptian pharaoh Haremheb as a scribe? Did vandals take his nose? ( Aryeh Shershow /CC BY SA 3.0 )

It has also been noted before that several archaeologists during the late 19th and early 20th century, lacking the finer instruments and procedures we have today and in a hurry to be the first to discover the "next big thing", were responsible for some of the most hideous damages ever committed against classical sculpture.

Of course, religion has also played a huge part, even though extremist Muslims aren't the only ones who have been caught in the act as many people falsely believe today. Christians, Jews, and many other known religions have also taken part in the shameful act of vandalism throughout the centuries and are responsible for the de-nosing and dismembering of many cultural and historical treasures.

Video at: http://splash.abc.net.au/home#!/media/1567326/who-broke-the-sphinx-s-nose-

Could it be Racism?

According to some scholars, there was a deliberate attempt by early Egyptologists to deny and hide that Ancient Egypt was an African culture. According to the written account of Vivant Denon, a French artist, writer and archaeologist who etched the image of the Sphinx of Giza around 1798, the facial features of the famous monument appeared to be of African origin,

...Though its proportions are colossal, the outline is pure and graceful; the expression of the head is mild, gracious, and tranquil; the character is African, but the mouth, and lips of which are thick, has a softness and delicacy of execution truly admirable; it seems real life and flesh. Art must have been at a high pitch when this monument was executed; for, if the head wants what is called style, that is the say, the straight and bold lines which give expression to the figures under which the Greeks have designated their deities, yet sufficient justice has been rendered to the fine simplicity and character of nature which is displayed in this figure.

The Great Sphinx in 1867. Note its unrestored condition, still partially buried body, and man standing beneath its ear.

The Great Sphinx in 1867. Note its unrestored condition, still partially buried body, and man standing beneath its ear. ( Public Domain )

However, this theory fails to explain why so many ancient Greek and Roman statues are de-nosed and dismembered as well. Noses on the vast majority of ancient Greek and Roman stone sculptures are missing too. While some of these have inevitably broken off accidentally, it’s pretty evident that an overwhelming number of them have been deliberately targeted. Since it’s historically, archaeologically and scientifically proven that the ancient Greeks and Romans were of European (Caucasian) origin, in this case racism wasn’t likely to have been a reason for the intentional de-nosing of those statues.

Humiliation

It has been recorded that later Egyptian dynasties would often deface statues of past monarchs in order to erase or diminish their legacy. In these cases the removal of the nose would be accompanied by other, more extensive facial disfigurements, as well as the destruction of inscriptions and symbols of office.

Busts of Akhenaten and Nefertiti.

Busts of Akhenaten and Nefertiti. (kairoinfo4u/ CC BY NC SA 2.0 )

In conclusion, the suggestion that the statues had their noses removed specifically to “hide” the race of the individuals they depicted is definitely not a theory to fully dismiss, but it’s only a theory for now, with no solid archaeological proof and evidence verifying it. So, for one to answer with confidence the question why so many Egyptian statues are missing their noses, they should be able to explain with certainty why the same happened with so many statues of Greek, Persian, and Roman origin as well.

Top Image: Some of the many Egyptian statues that are missing their noses - Neferure and Senenmut ( CC BY SA 3.0 ), Great Sphinx of Giza (Diego Delso/ CC BY SA 3.0 ), 'Green Head' of a statue of a priest ( Society for the Promotion of the Egyptian Museum Berlin ), Head from a female sphinx ( Brooklyn Museum ), statue of a Man ( Public Domain ), and Senusret III   (Public Domain ).

By: Theodoros Karasavvas

References

Bradley, M. (2015) Effaced: the missing noses of classical antiquity. http://blogs.nottingham.ac.uk/argonautsandemperors/2015/10/23/effaced-the-missing-noses-of-classical-antiquity/

Kemet Expert (2016). Why are the noses missing from Egyptian statues? http://kemetexpert.com/why_are_the_noses_missing_from_egyptian_statues/

SAFItech (n.d). Why No Noses On Statues? http://www.eastart.net/no-noses-statues/

Comments

Makes more sense that the destruction of noses was to prevent us from seeing which turned up (Atlantis descendents, from the West) and which turned down (invaders from the East). Also plays into the idea of “the mark of Cain.”

So what are you saying? That the Greeks, Romans and Persians were black? LMAO

I agree with your assessment! The articles author at least had the guts to note the saying of vivant denon, but quickly delved right back into a denial archetype of saying that the other two great civilizations of the world have been historically and scientifically proved to be Caucasian. Which is not true being they were all originally African. Until the world is taught that the African is their forefather and creator of original civilizations, the quicker the madness can stop and everything return to a balance.

The reason the noses and other ethnic features are missing from the Greek and Roman statues is the same as that for the African statues. We're forgetting that ancient Roman and Greeks still had more African in them. In essence, they were more African than the Greeks and Romans of today. The dominant narrative, the media, evolution and race mixing has changed our perception of what ancient people looked like.
It's not an easy subject to discuss, however, we have to acknowledge the brutality and the commitment of Caucasians to show the world that they were superior in every way. Imagine the shock of those individuals when they found out they were not superior, but actually inferior. I feel sorry for them, but their response to that knowledge is unforgivable by human standards. It is so unfortunate for the world, including Caucasians, who are also deprive of authentic history. We can not begin to imagine things that were done to history that render's it, as it is told, unreliable. We have to agree to believe a lie. So, yes. i am saying that there is a single explanation for the degree of destruction of history doe by individuals and cultures who just had to be better than everyone else.
It's difficult to see that the article started off telling the truth,but quickly devolved into the dominant narrative by attempting to take away the stigma carried with the actions of our predecessors. The Europeans are equal to none! They got what they wanted by any means necessary, and that carried with it, consequences and accountability. This is history as well. However, we have to remember that they were doing what they thought was best. The same as every civilization that has ever lived before them. They evolved last, were they youngest child and the had to fight hard to survive and so will the next rulers of this world. The next ruler is already fighting hard and will eventually become the rulers of this world.

In the ancient world...and particularly in Egypt, removal of the nose was a prescribed by law as a punishment for infidelity. This procedure was likely to prevent a repeat offence since the effect was truly hideous. It also served as a warning to others as well as a type of 'rap-sheet' on open display to anyone an offender would thereafter encounter. The practice was applied to statues of ruling monarchs, pharaohs and deities as the ultimate form of dishonour. Trust me...this is the true reason so many noses were removed in ancient times.

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