Uluru (Ayers Rock)

Uluru (Ayers Rock)


In the Northern Territory of Australia lies the single largest monolith rock in the world: Ayers Rock, or Uluru. At a staggering height of 346 meters and running about 2 miles in length and width, this sandstone rock formation towers over an otherwise completely flat terrain.

Uluru was probably formed by the slow erosion of the original mountain range. The rock is homogeneous, and as a result there is no soil on it. It is full of caves, canyons, cracks, water holes and other natural formations, as well as ancient paintings and carvings.

This monolith is an important and sacred place for the Aboriginals in Australia —in much the same way Titicaca is for South American tribes. Archaeological evidence has shown that the Aboriginals have lived in the region of Uluru for at least 30,000 years.  Uluru is still a living cultural landscape. The Anangu Aboriginal people are guided by Tjukurpa (law) to keep both culture and country strong. This is something that has never changed. 

According to the local legends, Uluru is believed to have resulted from the intervention of ‘gods’ when the divine beings emerged from the void and created all life on earth. It is said that two tribes of these ancestral beings had a battle to the death in this area over a beautiful lizard woman. As the result of this battle, the earth rose in grief and thus Uluru was created!

The Aboriginals do not climb Uluru since they consider it sacred, and although tourists were able to climb it in the past, it is now forbidden.

An interesting feature of Uluru is how it changes colours during the day, and over the course of the year. The sandstone of the rock contains reflective minerals that react differently to the varying positions of the sun, thus causing the surface to radiate different colours.

Uluru is an incredible and unique place to visit, and is not the only monolith one can visit in Australia. In fact, many more monoliths exist in this beautiful country, the second in size located in Queensland.

By April Holloway

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Uluru (Ayers Rock)

Ayers Rock


Dallin Heperi's picture

Uluru is the largest rock ever seen in the world.

Dallin J N Heperi

Hi guys.
Sorry to put a mark on your great site, but Uluru is not the largest rock/monolith.
It is actually Mt Augustus in Western Oz.
This is a well known fact here in Oz.
Have a good one.

Tsurugi's picture

The Uluru monolith is sedimentary rock, but at some point in the distant past, possibly as a result of some massive cataclysm, it was rolled over so that its strata are turned nearly 80 degrees up from horizontal. It erodes in a very unique way because of this.
Unlike normal sedimentary rock with horizontal layers, it does not crumble at the edges, and as a result it hasn't developed the characteristic smooth ramping slopes of rubble around the base which softens the profile of most sedimentary outcrops.
Because the edges of the strata are turned upward, the rain and wind can cut directly into the softer layers, tunneling between the harder layers for hundreds of meters deep in the rock, so that there is a vast three dimensional labyrinth of tubes and tunnels inside the monolith, which can hold a vast amount of water and keep it from being evaporated by the desert sun and arid climate. As a result, there is almost always cool, clear water to be had in one of Uluru's myriad pools and springs. Naturally, there would be animals coming to drink from the springs as well. So Uluru was a constant, reliable source of food and water for anyone nearby.

I've heard that there are certain hidden or secret caves within the monolith where there is ancient knowledge related to the first days, the beginning of the dreamtime, writ upon the stone by the first men.
There is a quote that has long fascinated me regarding this legend:

"...those ancestors of ours who ventured forth from Avalon across the continent of Mu as far as the central desert of Australia--when all the continents were a single land mass, the wondrous Pangaea. If only we could still read (as the Aborigines can, but they remain silent) the mysterious alphabet carved on the great boulder Ayers Rock, we would have the Answer.
Ayers Rock is the antipode of the great (unknown) mountain that is the Pole, the true, occult Pole, not the one that any bourgeois explorer can reach. As usual, and this should be obvious to anyone whose eyes have not been blinded by the false light of Western science, the Pole that we see is not the real Pole, for the real Pole is the one that cannot be seen, except by some adepts, whose lips are sealed.
-Umberto Eco, Foucault's Pendulum

"The Aboriginals do not climb Uluru since they consider it sacred, and although tourists were able to climb it in the past, it is now forbidden."

No, it is not forbidden. The Anangu Aboriginal people tell visitors it is against their culture and an insult to do so, but it is not forbidden under common law and many people still do climb the rock. Lot's of tour buses visit the rock and follow the directions of their guide and climb the rock without knowing it insults the local tribe.
Me, it's just a rock and I would climb it if I could be bothered going out into the middle of nowhere to see it.

natasa's picture

It could even be related with what our ancestors called 'stone-banks' or it could even be like huge rock antennas or collectors of energy Has it been investigated if the Lei lines cross there?


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