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"Certosa di Pavia - Medallion at the base of the facade". The Latin inscription tells that these are Romulus and Remus.           Source: Public Domain

The Seven Legendary Kings Who Built Rome (Video)


The era of Rome's seven kings, spanning from approximately 753 BC to 509 BC, marks a critical period in the city's history. Romulus, the legendary founder, is said to have established Rome's earliest institutions, including its boundaries and religious practices. His co-rule with Titus Tatius, a Sabine king, symbolized the integration of different communities into the burgeoning city.

Numa Pompilius, the second king, is renowned for his religious reforms, including the establishment of the Vestal Virgins and the construction of temples, such as the Temple of Vesta in the Roman Forum. Tullus Hostilius, the third king, expanded Rome's territory through military conquests, while Ancus Marcius, the fourth king, focused on infrastructure development, including the construction of the first bridge over the Tiber River.

The era of the Etruscan kings, beginning with Tarquinius Priscus, witnessed further advancements in Rome's urban development. Tarquinius Priscus is credited with building the Cloaca Maxima, an impressive sewer system, and initiating the construction of the Circus Maximus, an iconic chariot racing venue. His successor, Servius Tullius, introduced significant political reforms, such as the establishment of the first census and the division of Roman citizens into classes.

Tarquinius Superbus, the last king of Rome, is remembered for his tyrannical rule, which ultimately led to his overthrow and the establishment of the Roman Republic in 509 BC. The reigns of these seven kings laid the foundation for Rome's rise to power and its enduring legacy in Western civilization.

Top image: "Certosa di Pavia - Medallion at the base of the facade". The Latin inscription tells that these are Romulus and Remus.           Source: Public Domain

By Robbie Mitchell

Robbie Mitchell's picture


I’m a graduate of History and Literature from The University of Manchester in England and a total history geek. Since a young age, I’ve been obsessed with history. The weirder the better. I spend my days working as a freelance... Read More

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