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A modern take on the vampire image. Source: All You Need AI/Adobe Stock

The Great Vampire Epidemic: A Bizarre Chapter in History

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Imagine a time when the fear of vampires wasn't just the stuff of horror movies, but a genuine epidemic that swept across Europe. Yes, you read right, - a vampire epidemic! This wasn't a small-scale panic either; entire communities were gripped by fear. Let me introduce the bizarre phenomenon of the Great Vampire Epidemic.

The Birth of a Phenomenon (1725-1734)

The story begins in the early 18th century, a time when science was just beginning to challenge superstitions, yet folklore held a firm grip on the populace. The first recorded case of this vampire hysteria was in 1725, with the death of Petar Blagojevich in Serbia. Reports claimed he returned from the dead, seeking blood from the living. The locals, in a frenzy of fear, exhumed his body, found it 'undecomposed', and decided to drive a stake through his heart, just to be safe. And so, the vampire epidemic was born.

Fast forward to 1732, and the panic had spread to surrounding areas, including the Habsburg Monarchy. Arnold Paole, another Serbian, was reported to have died, risen, and caused several deaths. His body, upon exhumation, was also reported to show no signs of decomposition. Authorities, baffled and concerned, sent military surgeons to investigate, lending an official air to the vampire claims.

Scientific Explanations vs. Folk Beliefs

What's fascinating is how this vampire scare bridged the gap between folklore and science. The Enlightenment era, with its quest for rationality, was dawning, yet here were communities entrenched in supernatural explanations for natural phenomena. Decomposition was not well understood; 'vampire corpses' often showed natural signs of decomposition like bloating and bleeding, which were misinterpreted as signs of life.

The Spread and Impact of the Vampire Epidemic

The vampire epidemic wasn't contained to Eastern Europe. Reports of vampire sightings and exhumations spread to Germany, France, and England, igniting a transcontinental vampire craze. Even respected newspapers of the time ran stories on vampire trials and vampire protection methods.

The Resolution

By the late 1730s, the hysteria began to wane. Enlightenment thinkers and scientists, such as the Benedictine monk Dom Augustin Calmet, started to challenge the vampire narratives with rational explanations. The Habsburg authorities issued decrees to regulate the exhumation and desecration of bodies, calming the public's fears and slowly bringing an end to the vampire epidemic.

Looking back, the Great Vampire Epidemic serves as a testament to the power of superstition and the darkness that can arise from fear. It's a fascinating, if somewhat macabre, reminder of a time when the line between myth and reality was not just blurred but utterly obliterated. So next time you watch a vampire movie, remember that once upon a time, the fear was all too real.

This historical episode, while chilling, offers a light-hearted glimpse into the human psyche's capacity for fear and the strange paths it can lead us down. The Great Vampire Epidemic remains one of history's weirdest fact episodes, a bizarre chapter where vampires 'walked' among men, and logic took a backseat to legend.

Top image: A modern take on the vampire image. Source: All You Need AI/Adobe Stock

By Gary Manners


Barber, Paul. "Vampires, Burial, and Death: Folklore and Reality." Yale University Press, 1988. This book delves into the cultural practices surrounding death and how they contributed to the vampire legends of the 18th century.

Calmet, Augustin. "Dissertations sur les apparitions des anges, des démons et des esprits et sur les revenants et vampires de Hongrie, de Bohême, de Moravie et de Silésie." 1751. A seminal work by a Benedictine monk that tried to analyze the vampire phenomenon from a theological and philosophical perspective.

McNally, Raymond T., and Radu Florescu. "In Search of Dracula: The History of Dracula and Vampires." Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 1994. The authors provide a comprehensive history of Dracula and explore the connection between the historical Vlad the Impaler and the vampire legends.

Melton, J. Gordon. "The Vampire Book: The Encyclopedia of the Undead." Visible Ink Press, 2010. This encyclopedia offers a detailed look at vampire folklore, including the Great Vampire Epidemic, across different cultures.

Summers, Montague. "The Vampire in Europe: True Tales of the Undead." Skyhorse, 1961. A collection of vampire accounts that includes discussions on the vampire hysteria in Eastern Europe.



"It's a fascinating, if somewhat macabre, reminder of a time when the line between myth and reality was not just blurred but utterly obliterated."

Are we so much better, today? Methinks not. Modern science and myth are inextricably bound together, for science is a major tool of myth-making by those who stand to benefit from such scientific myths. I refer, of course, to the usual suspects that the New Testament describes as the "Synagogue of Satan".

Those ultimately behind the vampire books and movies of the 20th century (and going back to the 19th century with regard to the books) included those who were effectively vampires themselves. They just didn't have the dagger-like teeth, nor did they need to avoid the daylight. Their brethren today are much the same. People don't change that much and evil people don't need to change at all when almost nobody else understands what they, the hardcore Luciferian Satanists, do in the shadows, often with trafficked victims.

Some are household names, widely admired. Admiring a vampire without even realising it is a very 21st-century thing.

Gary Manners's picture


Gary is an editor and content manager for Ancient Origins. He has a BA in Politics and Philosophy from the University of York and a Diploma in Marketing from CIM. He has worked in education, the educational sector, social work... Read More

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