Elongated Skull in Paracas

Initial DNA analysis of Paracas elongated skull released – with incredible results

Paracas is a desert peninsula located within the Pisco Province in the Inca Region, on the south coast of Peru.  It is here were Peruvian archaeologist, Julio Tello, made an amazing discovery in 1928 – a massive and elaborate graveyard containing tombs filled with the remains of individuals with the largest elongated skulls found anywhere in the world. These have come to be known as the ‘ Paracas skulls ’. In total, Tello found more than 300 of these elongated skulls, which are believed to date back around 3,000 years. A DNA analysis has now been conducted on one of the skulls and expert Brien Foerster has released preliminary information regarding these enigmatic skulls.

It is well-known that most cases of skull elongation are the result of cranial deformation, head flattening, or head binding, in which the skull is intentionally deformed by applying force over a long period of time. It is usually achieved by binding the head between two pieces of wood, or binding in cloth. However, while cranial deformation changes the shape of the skull, it does not alter its volume, weight, or other features that are characteristic of a regular human skull.

The Paracas skulls, however, are different.  The cranial volume is up to 25 percent larger and 60 percent heavier than conventional human skulls, meaning they could not have been intentionally deformed through head binding/flattening. They also contain only one parietal plate, rather than two. The fact that the skulls’ features are not the result of cranial deformation means that the cause of the elongation is a mystery, and has been for decades. 

Artistic - Elongated Skull

An artist’s impression based on a Paracas skull. Photo credit: Marcia Moore / Ciamar Studio

Mr. Juan Navarro, owner and director of the local museum, called the Paracas History Museum, which houses a collection of 35 of the Paracas skulls, allowed the taking of samples from 5 of the skulls. The samples consisted of hair, including roots, a tooth, skull bone and skin, and this process was carefully documented via photos and video. Samples from three skulls were sent to the geneticist, although the geneticist was not given any information about what they came from until after the genetic testing, so as not to create any preconceived ideas.  

The results of a DNA analysis of one of the skulls are now back, and Brien Foerster, author of more than ten books and an authority on the ancient elongated headed people of South America, has just revealed the preliminary results of the analysis. He reports on the geneticist's findings:

It had mtDNA (mitochondrial DNA) with mutations unknown in any human, primate, or animal known so far. But a few fragments I was able to sequence from this sample indicate that if these mutations will hold we are dealing with a new human-like creature, very distant from Homo sapiens, Neanderthals and Denisovans.

The implications are of course huge. “I am not sure it will even fit into the known evolutionary tree,” the geneticist wrote. He added that if the Paracas individuals were so biologically different, they would not have been able to interbreed with humans.

The result of this analysis is only phase one of many phases of analysis due to take place.  The next tests will involve having the initial test replicated, and conducted on other skulls, so that the results can be compared to see if there are any specific Paracas characteristics. We will update when more details emerge.

Watch the video interview with Brien Foerster revealing new details about the genetic analysis.

Featured Image: An elongated skull found in Paracas

By April Holloway


Well said, Gnomon. This kind of behavior needs to be called out. What are we going to have? The spirit of inquiry, or gatekeepers defending the authority of the status quo?

Gnomon's picture

Thank you Andrew. 

I get a little annoyed after so many years of hearing so-called Skeptics and Scientists go out of their way to denigrate people who have expressed some rather controversial hypotheses that contradict the historical interpretations made by some of the World's "Authorities" on the subject

I would think that Truth is very important, (but not in all situations), and that the input of other's would only improve our inherent myopic view when it comes to matters of personal significance.  I found that our cherished views often keep us from finding the truth.  

I think it was a Druid Master, ( or possibly Taliessin the Poet), who stated,and I paraphrase, "It is the mark of Wisdom that a man can listen to a fool and, even though his words be folly, learn from him".



I seek Wisdom


Scientia Potentia Est

I think this DNA test on these skulls points to another interesting theory ... that the practice of skull deformation among Inca populations could be the direct result of these Indians trying to emulate those beings that were probably foreign leaders to them and teachers... ancient primitive cultures often speak of how they were taught by beings that descended from the skies. I doubt the Incas would have practiced this odd behavior of deforming youth skulls to mimic naturally occurring ones if those with the larger elongated skulls did not in point off fact occupy positions of power and authority and wisdom in these communities. And if their DNA was so different as to not allow interbreeding with them then the Incas must have believed that the shape of the head was what yielded their power and wisdom, hence the practice. Since we have found denisovan and neanderthal DNA in human lineage, but not the DNA of these long-heads, it would seem that it would point to the possibility of these beings as having not been of terrestrial origin. And because of the tomb rituals associated with their burials, it would also seem likely that they were held in esteem by the ancient locals. Better we all think freely on this subject I say, instead of wallowing in self righteous and smug skepticism as do some. I tend to think as the late Lloyd Pye did on this subject. I applaud any who seek ideas 'outside the box' that currently coagulate in rigid and conformist academia.

So the facts about all these skulls that have actually been found all over the world are this.If you wish to know something as in physically see it then you'll need a plane ticket.But if you wish to study a brilliant archaeologist/ geographer /historian ......then go study the woman who found her own skulls and houses them in her museum.Maria Reich studied the Nasca plains her whole life practically by herself and what she accomplished and what she found is not a hoax or me differentiating incorrectly.The fact of the skull plates are as real as it get's and yes the volume of these is twice that of a human.You need to look into things more indepth for self before passing judgement.First verifying fact for you ....go check her out! If not your all talk.

Scientific orthodoxy is not objective at all. It's more like a box into which little new enters, and quite often serves as a defense against the new. It's interesting that it's not infrequent for the "amateurs" to have insight that the professionals can't or won't because of their preconditioning as well as the career rewards for not straying too far from the party line. One excellent example is the possibility of an advanced culture predating those we call "ancient Egyptians." The evidence is all there: advanced stone cutting not possible for the copper chisel and rock hammer wielding Egyptians of the third millennia BC, the water weathering of the Sphinx that caused geological erosion specialist Robert Schoch to say it was at least 7000 years old, the engineering wonders of the pyramids, etc., etc. Still Egyptologists cling to their house of cards time and story line. To my mind that kind of closed mindedness smacks of religion, not science.


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