The tower of Babel

The Legendary Tower of Babel: What Does it Mean?


One of the many fantastic stories in the Book of Genesis is the Tower of Babel, a tall construction made in Babylonia after the Deluge. The gist of the story is: All human beings used to speak the same language. As they came to settle in Mesopotamia, they decided to build a city with a tower to reach the heavens. Through this endeavor, mankind intended to create a name for himself. God, however, had other plans. Mankind’s language was confused, and they were scattered over the earth. As a result, the city and the tower were never completed. Regardless of whether you believe this story actually took place, there are several interesting ways of looking at it.

A Literal Approach to the Tower of Babel Story

One way of approaching the story is the literal approach. If one accepts that the Tower of Babel was a historical fact, then it would be expected that some sort of remains or ruins of the tower would exist. This, however, has not been identified by archaeology. The closest candidate for the Tower of Babel may perhaps be the Etemenanki of Babylon . This was a ziggurat dedicated to Marduk, the patron god of Babylon. It has been claimed that this structure was the inspiration for the Tower of Babel. Given that ziggurats were found in Mesopotamia, the setting of the story, and that they were monumental structures, it is not too difficult to see how they may have been used in the story of the Tower of Babel.

Did the Tower of Babel Exist?

In 2017, Andrew George, a professor of Babylonia at the University of London, reported that he believes he has found solid evidence for the Tower of Babel in an ancient baked tablet from the city of Babylon. The baked clay tablet shows what the ziggurat looked like, with its seven steps. It shows the king with his conical hat and staff. And below is text that describes the commissioning of the tower’s construction.

Dr. George said:

“This is a very strong piece of evidence that the tower of Babel story was inspired by this real building. At the top … there is a relief depicting a step tower and … a figure of a human being carrying a staff with a conical hat on. Below that relief is a text which has been chiseled into the monument, and the label is easily read. It reads: Etemenanki, Ziggurat Babel. And that means ‘the Ziggurat or Temple Tower of the City of Babylon.’ The building and its builder on the same relief.”

The people enlisted to construct the tower, are translated by Dr. George as, “From the Upper Sea [Mediterranean] to the Lower Sea [Persian Gulf] the Far-Flung Lands and Teeming Peoples of the Habitations.”

Experts had already thought King Nebuchadnezzar II actually did build a ziggurat in Babylonia after he established the city as his capital. The tablet provides more evidence. Archaeologists also think the tower of Babel was 300 feet (91 meters) along the sides and 300 feet (91 meters) tall. Only a fraction of the building remains, scattered and broken.

What Does the Tower of Babel Symbolize?

Regardless of the question of the tower’s existence, another way to examine the Tower of Babel story is through the symbolic approach. The context of the story, i.e. the story of the Tower of Babel being recorded in the Book of Genesis , would make it reasonable to expect a religious message behind it. It has been suggested that the Tower of Babel is a symbol for humanity’s vanity. For instance, the use of brick and mortar represent pride in man-made materials. Thus, the use of these materials over stone and tar, which are natural and more durable materials, may be read as mankind’s misplaced confidence in his own abilities.

Thus, the Tower of Babel may be seen as a monument to mankind’s ability and achievement. Man is promptly reminded of his frailty when God decides to confuse their languages and scatter them. While some regard this story as a warning against the sin of pride, others would prefer to question the kind of God that is being portrayed in the story. Regardless, the story seems to convey a notion of doom and gloom for humanity .

Gustave Dore's depiction of the Tower of Babel according to the biblical interpretation. ( Public Domain )

Can the Tower of Babel Explain Worldwide Diversity?

Another way of viewing this story, however, may shine a more positive light on the Tower of Babel. Instead of being a lesson against pride, this may be a tool to explain the diversity of peoples in the world . After all, the chapter preceding the story of the Tower of Babel deals with the various nations that descended from the sons of Noah. This etiological approach, in which myths are used to explain human conditions, is visible in many other cultures. For instance, in the mythology of the Blackfoot Indians , Old Man, the creator, gave different colored water to people to drink. As a result, different peoples began to speak different languages. Without the knowledge that we possess today, these myths would have served to throw light on the great mysteries of life. Besides, they make pretty good camp-fire stories.

Although language was confused, and mankind scattered across the world, I can’t help but think that we’ve come full circle, almost at least. Take this article as an example. It will probably be read by people from different parts of the world. In that sense, we are connected, rather than scattered. Also, through translations, we are able to overcome language barriers. Moreover, at times we may even communicate through empathy, without the need for speech.

Yet, there’s one part of the story we have not achieved. The people in the story of the Tower of Babel were working together to build a monument. Sadly, human beings aren’t quite doing that today. Wars, the exploitation of the poor, and human trafficking are just some examples of the ways in which we are destroying our fellow man/woman, instead of cooperating with him/her. Perhaps it’s time we finish building the Tower of Babel.

Top Image: ‘The Tower of Babel’, by Pieter Bruegel the Elder. S ource: Public Domain

By Ḏḥwty


Ashliman, D. L., 2003. Blackfoot Creation and Origin Myths. Available at:

Fairchild, M., 2014. The Tower of Babel - Bible Story Summary. Available at:

The Bible : Standard King James Version , 2014. Available at:


Take a big deep breath. Go outside, look at some trees, go for a swim. You've been on the internet too long today and have lost your sense of civility.

You must be pretty sensitive to interpret my response as an attack.  It would be better understood as a challenge to what would seem a fantastic overestimation of your own mastery over language.  You admitted that you didn't think many would understand what you're trying to say; perhaps you should figure out a better way to say it before you go around offering speaking lessons.

And as long as you're aspiring toward perfection, starting all your sentences with a capitol letter will allow others to read what you're trying to communicate with greater ease.

that was faster than expected. The Ego is strong in this one.
perhaps, rather than attacking, it would be more peaceful to rather ask... i'd happily teach you how to speak, and could provide you with concrete examples of how conscious understanding is far less important in the conveyance of information than our egos like to think.
i'm not a proponent of ego dissolution, although i'm amazed that you've found words in that state, i spent years constructing bridges of language between transcendental states and human normal. That quest led to my (re)discovery of our pre-babel language.
perhaps, rather than reject out of hand, you could take a look at computational science, in particular P / NP problems. Or, prosaically, think about the 'leaps of understanding' that occur when a concept is first grasped.
the 'cone of attention' of the mind is a small thing, compared to the whole, and it is within this cone that our conscious mind resides. Of course it is incapable of fully comprehending the whole, it is but a part.
language can be working within that small cone, or with the whole. Any language that works with the whole is inaccessible to conscious comprehension.

I can appreciate what seems to be an affinity for Terence McKenna in what you write, though I'd like to know what so-called language you're referring to that isn't based on symbolic or conscious meaning--both intrinsic to language--and why you think the babbling of an infant or religious fanatics rolling around speaking in tongues represent superior communication.  I'll concede the ego can get in the way of good communication sometimes, but the dissolution of ego does not remove conscious elements of language (how could it?), nor the symbolic aspects so long as sound is married to meaning.

> i sigh as i write this as i know that few, if any will be able to understand what i write, since this will be triggering every ego that comes across it

Perhaps you should have tried jibberish.

imo, this story represents the evolution and mis-development of the human ego.
The ego is a brain mechanism that develops in children, and exists to maintain separateness. It exists in the linguistic level of consciousness, working with the meaning of words. It allows the person to analyse incoming information and chose wether to accept it or not. This prevents others from affecting the self-state. So if someone tells you that you are an idiot, you can chose to accept or reject that information.
Before humans evolved the ego, the linguitic/meaning level was not hampered by the ego layer of meaning. Communication was a free exchange on information without conscious meaning.
the building of the tower (clearly figured in tarot as 'the tower') represents the development of ego. Like most 'towers' it was built incorrectly (the root of our current issues) and shattered in the face of the divine.
the extra element to the tale, that we were scattered across the planet and no one could understand anyone else anymore; is a cautionary tale. Language is not a tool of common understanding anymore, but rather a tool of isolation, dominated as it is by the filtering systems we have evolved. No symbol / conscious meaning based language on earth is capable of true communication (and i sigh as i write this as i know that few, if any will be able to understand what i write, since this will be triggering every ego that comes across it)
there is hope. We are all BORN speaking the original tongue. Some religious fanatics re-embrace it in a limited way with the practice of glossolalia. More of us speak it consciously...


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