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Roman and Celtic coins found at the excavation site in Jersey.            Source: Jersey Heritage

Enormous 2000-Year-Old Celtic Coin Hoard Sets New World Record

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Persistent archaeological treasure hunters have set a new Guinness World Record for the largest coin hoard ever discovered in the British Isles.

This treasure story begun in the early 1980s after Reg Mead and Richard Miles read a report about a farmer on Jersey who many years earlier had discovered silver coins in an earthenware pot while pulling out a tree from a hedgerow. The pair of metal detectorists then committed three decades searching for that hedgerow and its suspected treasure, and it was in 2012 they finally discovered a massive corroded lump of gold and silver coins three feet beneath a hedge dating to the first century BC.

A Cool £10million for the Celtic Coin Hoard

According to a 2012 BBC report, at the time of discovery Mr. Mead said they “dug down and found a mass of coins the size of a football and when looking for the edges it went on and on and on.” Then they realized nothing like this had been discovered in Britain before, “or of this kind anywhere in the world,” he said.

Metal detectorists Reg Mead, left, and Richard Miles, right, who found the Celtic coin hoard at the excavation site. (Jersey Heritage)

Metal detectorists Reg Mead, left, and Richard Miles, right, who found the Celtic coin hoard at the excavation site. ( Jersey Heritage )

It is thought that the coins had been buried in a field by members of a Curiosolitae tribe fleeing  Julius Caesar 's army around 50 to 60 BC. But the Guinness World Record setting discovery was not easy to excavate or analyze as it was found encased in thick clay block measuring 55 x 31 x 8 inches (140 x 97 x 20 cm) and weighing three quarters of a ton. The so called ‘The Grouville Hoard,’ totaling 69,347 Roman and Celtic coins, is estimated to be worth around a cool £10million.

Celtic coin hoard excavated showing the sheer size of the find. (Jersey Heritage)

Celtic coin hoard excavated showing the sheer size of the find. ( Jersey Heritage )

No Surprise By The Guinness Award

The Grouville Hoard is on display at La Hougue Bie Museum on the island of Jersey and in addition to the Roman and Celtic coins the hoard contains: silver bracelets, fine silver wire, gold torques, sheet gold and a number of glass beads. Curator of archaeology at Jersey Heritage, Olga Finch, told The Telegraph that the Guinness award “does not surprise them” and that the institution are delighted such an impressive archaeological item was “discovered, examined and displayed in Jersey.”

The figure of £10million mentioned earlier comes from Mr. Mead, who said the “least valuable” coins in the hoard are likely to be worth £100 each, which extrapolates out to a valuation of several million pounds. Moreover, soldered into the hulk of treasure are precious items of jewelry, which could be the same value as the coins depending on what they turn out to be.

Gold torques found along with the Celtic coin hoard in Jersey. (Jersey Heritage)

Gold torques found along with the Celtic coin hoard in Jersey. ( Jersey Heritage )

Whose Treasure Is It Anyway?

Traditionally in England, finds like this one were often taken to local museums to record but with a lack of resources and a national reporting system, many similar finds went unrecorded. To combat this, in July 1996, the Treasure Act was passed replacing the medieval law of Treasure Trove in England and Wales, gesturing protection to archaeological finds that while not officially ‘treasure’, are important in building an accurate archaeological picture of England and Wales.

What then is ‘treasure’ according to English heritage laws? The  Treasure Act 1996 has several definitions of ‘treasure’, including “prehistoric objects and coins that contain gold or silver and are at least 300 years old.” If a find is declared ‘treasure’ then by law the finder must offer it for sale to a museum at a price established by the British Museum's Treasure Valuation Committee , and a reward is subsequently offered to the finders, landowners and any other parties associated with the find.

Silver/gold Roman and Celtic coins unearthed at the excavation site in Jersey. (Jersey Heritage)

Silver/gold Roman and Celtic coins unearthed at the excavation site in Jersey. ( Jersey Heritage )

What this really means is the coins officially belong to the Queen, although the finders are entitled to a reward. But sometimes treasures are just “too big,” and an article in the Daily Mail says there has been talk about the sheer number of currently rare coins adversely affecting the price by flooding the market.

Technology Advances Ancient Finds

As consumer metal detector technologies advance and for less than $500 dollars anyone can now buy a ‘coil’ able to penetrate almost a meter deep, there has not only been an increase in the frequency of finds over the last decade but also an increase in the sizes of finds. It was only five months ago another huge hoard of 2,528 silver coins dating back to the aftermath of the Battle of Hastings were found by metal detectorists in the Chew Valley, northeast Somerset.

The British Museum said it was the second largest find of Norman coins ever in the UK. Lisa Grace and Adam Staples, who unearthed the bulk of the hoard, told the BBC  “we’ve been dreaming of this for 15 years but it's finally come true. It was totally unbelievable - to find one would be an exceptional day metal detecting.”

Top image: Roman and Celtic coins found at the excavation site in Jersey.            Source: Jersey Heritage

By Ashley Cowie

Comments

Cousin_Jack's picture

“The Duke owns “treasure troves” in Cornwall: finds of buried valuable metalwork of a certain age. It has only enjoyed this right in law since 1996 (see s.5 Treasure Trove Act 1996) although it had previously been claimed since 1896 without any agreement by parliament or scrutiny in the courts.”Elsewhere in England and Wales, if an archaeologist finds, for example, a buried Anglo-Saxon coin hoard, the Treasure Act would give a relevant museum an absolute right to purchase the find, if not taken up, it belongs to the finder. For any other kind of archaeological find, the landowner, not the finder, has the interest. For Cornwall, this all goes out of the window. The Duchy is exempt outright and has absolute title to any such finds. There is no publically available information on how much money is generated by the Duchy or what it is used for. If a valuable or historically important find was made in Cornwall, The Duke could keep it, sell it, or dispose of it at his discretion. If, hypothetically, a find was made in Cornwall which the British Museum wished to acquire for historical interest, but if the Duke wished to keep it as a personal belonging, or sell it to a private overseas collector, he could do so without any legal recourse.”

In Anglia et Cornubia.

Aleksa Vučković's picture

Probably by the Curiosolitae Celtic tribe from Brittany (Modern France). It was most likely buried as they were fleeing Roman armies of Julius Caesar. Although there was evidence on site that the coins were planned for melting down into new coinage, so several theories are probable.

I'm wondering if anyone knows why this hoard was buried and by whom. This was an ginormous sum at that time.

Awfully convenient way for the Windsor firm to keep getting wealthier.

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