A Crash Course In Human Evolution (Video)
Human evolution spans millions of years, shaping our species into what we are today. Our closest relatives, chimpanzees, share similarities with us, yet distinct differences exist. Around seven million years ago, Sahelanthropus roamed, its exact place in our evolutionary lineage uncertain. The Australopithecines, living two to four million years ago, walked upright but retained tree-climbing abilities. Homo habilis and Homo erectus were significant milestones. Homo erectus, with a larger brain and reduced facial size, thrived for two million years beyond Africa. Then Homo heidelbergensis appeared with a larger brain, widely distributed across Europe, Asia, and Africa. The common ancestor with Neanderthals remains unclear, but their coexistence reveals intricate dynamics.
Finally, Homo sapiens emerged alongside Neanderthals and Denisovans. Environmental factors and competition likely drove other human forms to extinction, leaving Homo sapiens as the dominant and sole surviving species. Throughout our history, adaptation, innovation, and the development of unique traits shaped human evolution. Exploring our ancestral past unveils the captivating story of our species and our position in the vast tapestry of life on Earth.
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Top image: Human evolution. Source: