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Recreation of an Egyptian war chariot from the Early New Kingdom by Angus McBride

An Ancient Egyptian Arms Race (Video)


Seqenenre Tao, a determined pharaoh of the Seventeenth Dynasty in ancient Egypt, played a pivotal role in the arms race against the Hyksos during the Second Intermediate Period. Faced with the foreign dominance of the Hyksos, Seqenenre Tao sought to reclaim Egypt's sovereignty. The conflict unfolded as a struggle for power and control over the Nile Delta. Seqenenre Tao recognized the military threat posed by the Hyksos and took decisive action to strengthen Egypt's forces. He mobilized his armies, aiming to resist the foreign invaders and secure Egypt's borders. The arms race involved advancements in weaponry, strategic warfare, and military organization.

The conflict reached its climax during the reign of Seqenenre Tao, who, despite facing overwhelming odds, displayed exceptional courage on the battlefield. His commitment to Egyptian independence became a rallying point for subsequent pharaohs to continue the resistance against the Hyksos. Seqenenre Tao's efforts laid the groundwork for future military campaigns that eventually led to the expulsion of the Hyksos and the restoration of native rule in Egypt. The arms race, driven by a determination to safeguard Egypt's heritage, marked a crucial chapter in the nation's history, highlighting the resilience of its leaders in the face of external threats.

Top image: Recreation of an Egyptian war chariot from the Early New Kingdom by Angus McBride           Source: Simon Seitz/CC BY-NC-SA 4.0

By Robbie Mitchell

Robbie Mitchell's picture


I’m a graduate of History and Literature from The University of Manchester in England and a total history geek. Since a young age, I’ve been obsessed with history. The weirder the better. I spend my days working as a freelance... Read More

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