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The Nine Unknown Men

The Nine Unknown Men: An Ancient Indian Secret Society


There is a pervasive legend in India of a secret organization that allegedly has a vast amount of advanced knowledge in their possession. Believed to have been formed over 2000 years ago, the Nine Unknown Men is widely suspected of manipulating political and societal trends in order to further the personal goals of the Nine. But is such a secret organization a reality or is it merely the stuff of legend?

An Origin Story Like No Other…

The society of the Nine Unknown Men was formed shortly after 226 BC by Emperor Ashoka. Grandson of the legendary Emperor who unified the Indian subcontinent, Chandragupta, Ashoka was anxious to uphold his grandfather’s legacy and maintain the empire. In the region between Calcutta and Madras, the Kalingan’s resisted the imperial rule, leading to an all-out war.

Ashoka’s vastly superior forces are said to have killed over 100,000 of Kalinga’s warriors and deported over 150,000 of the region’s villagers. Even though he had won the war, Ashoka was aghast at the carnage such a victory entailed. From then on, he swore off violence forever.

Relief from Sanchi showing Ashoka on his chariot. First century BC. (Photo Dharma/CC BY 2.0)

Emperor Ashoka is best known for his conversion to Buddhism and his efforts to spread the peaceful religion throughout India as well as Malaya, Ceylon, and Indonesia. His efforts contributed to Buddhism’s later rise in China, Nepal, Tibet, and Mongolia. Ashoka was a sworn vegetarian but did not force others to do likewise. Indeed, he was incredibly tolerant of other religious sects. He did, however, prohibit the consumption of alcohol.

Most importantly, “he renounced the idea of trying to integrate the rebellious people, declaring that the only true conquest was to win men’s hearts by observance of the laws of duty and piety, because the Sacred Majesty desired that all living creatures should enjoy security, peace, and happiness and be free to live as they pleased” (Pauwels and Bergier). So committed was the Emperor to this mission that he sought to prevent his fellow man from putting their intelligence towards perpetrating evil, particularly the evil involved with warfare.

King Ashoka. (Prarthana1830590/CC BY-SA 4.0)

The task of collecting, preserving, and containing all knowledge was too great for one emperor to do alone, not the least because of the other duties required in ruling an empire. So Ashoka summoned nine of the most brilliant minds in India at the time. For security purposes, the identity of these men was never made public. Together, these geniuses formed a secret society that came to be known as the Nine Unknown Men.

What Did The Nine Unknown Men Study?

The organization set up accumulating all the scientific knowledge they could, from natural science to psychology to the composition of matter. Fearing that if ordinary men were given scientific knowledge they would use it for destruction, only the Nine Men were allowed to study and develop scientific theories and technology. To better accomplish this daunting task, each of the nine was charged with a specific book that he was to update, revise, and ultimately perfect the knowledge therein.

When one of the nine could no longer complete the task – whether from the wish to retire, fading health, or death - the obligation was passed to a chosen successor. The number of members in the society was always to be nine. Thus the society of the Nine Unknown Men has allegedly lived on for over 2000 years.

Portrait of a young Indian scholar, Mughal miniature by Mir Sayyid Ali, circa 1550 AD. (Public Domain)

Speculation about the contents of each of the nine books varies widely. Talbot Mundy, an English writer, published a book entitled The Nine Unknown Men in 1923, which contained a list of the nine books. This list has come to be generally accepted.

  • “Propaganda: The first book dealt with techniques of propaganda and psychological warfare. “The most dangerous of all sciences is that of molding mass opinion, because it would enable anyone to govern the whole world,” according to Mundy.
  • Physiology: The second book discussed physiology and explains how to kill a person simply by touching him or her, known as the “the touch of death,” simply by the reversal of a nerve impulse. It is said that the martial art of Judo is a result of “leakages” from the second book.
  • Microbiology: The third volume focused on microbiology and biotechnology.
  • Alchemy: The fourth dealt with alchemy and transmutation of metals. According to another legend, in times of severe drought, temples and religious relief organizations received large quantities of gold from “a secret source.”
  • Communication: The fifth book contained a study of all means of communication, terrestrial and extraterrestrial. Alluding then that the Nine Unknown Men were aware of alien presence.
  • Gravity: The sixth book focused on the secrets of gravitation and actual instructions on how to make the ancient Vedic Vimana, (like Vaiminika Shastra on aerospace technology).
  • Cosmogony: The seventh contained cosmogony and matters of the universe.
  • Light: The eighth dealt with light, including the speed and how to use it as a weapon.
  • Sociology: The ninth and final book discussed sociology. It included rules for the evolution of societies and the means of foretelling their decline.” (Mundy paraphrased by Ancient Explorers)

Is the Secret Society Fact or Myth?

But were the Nine Unknown Men real? Ashoka may very well have asked nine men of unknown identity to gather scientific knowledge, particularly with regards to its application to warfare. This was a very fractious time and other Emperors have been known to order similar initiatives. These men may have explored different empires’ battle tactics and training, weapons manufacturing, horse/elephant handling, and maybe even gunpowder usage.

However, an ancient group living on in secrecy for over 2000 years, controlling global events from the remote jungles of India with not a hint of modern equipment, infrastructure, or technology is hard to believe. For many, the legend is most likely just a legend.

Has the ancient group of the Nine Unknown Men been working in secrecy for over 2000 years? (Jakub Krechowicz /Adobe Stock)

Top Image: What’s the true story behind the Nine Unknown Men? Source: Jakub Krechowicz /Adobe Stock

By Kerry Sullivan

Updated on June 9, 2021.


Ancient Explorers Staff. "India's Ancient Illuminati: The Nine Unknown Men." Ancient Explorers. Ancient Explorers, 2016. Web. 20 Sept. 2016.

Baidya, Sankalan. "20 Interesting The Nine Unknown Men." Facts Legend. Facts Legend, 10 Apr. 2015. Web. 20 Sept. 2016.

Pauwels, Louis, and Jacques Bergier. "The Nine Unknown Men - Sub-Figura Vel Liber Caeruleus." Excerpts from 'The Dawn of Magic'Bibliotecapleyades, n.d. Web. 20 Sept. 2016.

Swancer, Brent. "The Mystery of the Nine Unknown Men." Mysterious Universe. Mysterious Universe, 10 Nov. 2015. Web. 20 Sept. 2016.



There is a book called “History of Free Smiths” available in Internet Archive. It explains the secret of crucible (wootz) steel how it was leaked by the Nine Unknown into Europe in the Viking Ages. It gives a lot of evidence to support the Nine Unknown having been a secretive organization that was not just effectual in Asia but controlled the distribution of technology into the rest of the world. The argument is put forth that the Free Smiths possess some or all of the Books and are the same Secret Society that used to be known as the Nine Unknown. The Free Smiths were a German Secret Society but I couldn’t find anything about whether they still exist. I asked on Reddit but no answers were forthcoming.

I wish to become a member of the community.

Kerry Sullivan's picture

Kerry Sullivan

Kerry Sullivan has a Bachelor of Science and Bachelor of Arts and is currently a freelance writer, completing assignments on historical, religious, and political topics.

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