The New Kingdom covers the time period from around 1550 BC to 1070 BC, and it was a time of great political and cultural achievements in Ancient Egypt. This period saw the rise of some of the most famous pharaohs in Egyptian history, as well as significant developments in art, literature, religion, and warfare.
The New Kingdom began with the reign of Ahmose I, who drove out the Hyksos and reunited Egypt. This marked the beginning of a period of unprecedented expansion and prosperity, during which time the Egyptians established a powerful empire that extended from Nubia in the south to Syria in the north.
The New Kingdom pharaohs were among the most powerful rulers in the ancient world, and they presided over a period of great artistic and cultural innovation. The period saw the emergence of iconic works of art such as the tomb of Tutankhamun and the mortuary temple of Hatshepsut, as well as important developments in literature, including the Book of the Dead and the Amarna Letters.
The New Kingdom was also a time of significant religious innovation. Pharaohs such as Akhenaten attempted to reform the traditional polytheistic religion of Egypt, and established a monotheistic cult around the worship of the sun-disk, Aten. This period also saw the development of the cult of Osiris, the god of the dead, and the emergence of the Apis Bull cult in Memphis.
In this section, we will explore the key events and developments of Egypt's New Kingdom, including the reigns of some of its most famous pharaohs, such as Hatshepsut, Thutmose III, Akhenaten, and Tutankhamun. We will examine the cultural and artistic achievements of the period, as well as the religious and political developments that characterized this time.