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Wife-carrying. Source: Алина Битта / Adobe Stock.

In Finland, Carrying One's Wife is More than Affection – It's a Sport!


In the tapestry of ancient sports and traditions, some activities are surprisingly unconventional. One such sport that has captured global fascination, emerging from the picturesque landscapes of Finland, is 'Wife-Carrying'. While contemporary iterations of this activity are undertaken in jest and camaraderie, its roots are deeply embedded in Finnish history, offering a fascinating window into past societal norms and local tales.

Wife-carrying, or "eukonkanto" in Finnish, is precisely what it sounds like. It involves men carrying their wives (or partners) on their backs, racing through an obstacle course against other couples. The 'track' typically stretches over 250 meters, and is punctuated by various challenges, including hurdles, sand traps, and water bodies. There's even an official Wife Carrying World Championship held annually in Sonkajärvi, a small town in Finland.

But how did this quirky sport emerge from ancient Finnish customs? Historical anecdotes provide some clues. Legend has it that in the late 19th century, a notorious local brigand named Rosvo-Ronkainen tested aspiring gang members' strength and agility through similar carry-and-run challenges. Some accounts suggest the practice was even cruder – a means of pillaging villages and carrying away unwilling women. Whether true or a mere urban legend, these stories have persisted in Finnish lore, shaping the fun-filled, slightly eccentric championship we see today.

Another theory draws on a more innocent pastime. Finnish communities, spread across vast landscapes, frequently interacted in the form of festivals and feasts. Young men, in a show of prowess, would attempt to sweep ladies off their feet – quite literally! This playful competition between suitors eventually evolved into the structured sport of wife-carrying.

An Estonian pair competing at a World Championships in Sonkajärvi using the "Estonian carry" technique (Steve Jurvetson / CC by SA 2.0)

An Estonian pair competing at a World Championships in Sonkajärvi using the "Estonian carry" technique (Steve Jurvetson / CC by SA 2.0)

Whichever origin story one subscribes to, what's undeniable is that eukonkanto resonates with the Finnish spirit of 'sisu' – a unique blend of determination, resilience, and courage. Historically, Finland's rugged terrains and challenging climates have necessitated a strong will and physical fitness. Wife-carrying could be seen as an extension of this cultural trait, transformed into a competitive sport.

For enthusiasts of ancient history, wife-carrying offers a tantalizing mix of fact and fiction, legend and lore. It's a sport that challenges modern perceptions, reminding us that history, no matter how peculiar, shapes contemporary traditions in the most unexpected ways. As participants in Sonkajärvi race with their wives, leaping over hurdles and splashing through water, they're not just aiming for the finish line; they're carrying forward an age-old Finnish legacy.

In conclusion, while the annals of ancient history are replete with tales of valor, conquest, and monumental architecture, it's often the offbeat, almost whimsical traditions like wife-carrying that offer the most delightful insights into bygone eras.

Top image: Wife-carrying. Source: Алина Битта / Adobe Stock.

By Joanna Gillan

Joanna Gillan's picture


Joanna Gillan is a Co-Owner, Editor and Writer of Ancient Origins. 

Joanna completed a Bachelor of Science (Psychology) degree in Australia and published research in the field of Educational Psychology. She has a rich and varied career, ranging from teaching... Read More

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