Iraq Banner Desktop

Store Banner Mobile

Representation of Roman generals

Late Republican Era Rome's Influential Generals (Video)

Getting your Trinity Audio player ready...

The transformation of Rome during the Late Republican era was marked by a series of significant changes, particularly in its military and political landscape. From 133 BC to 27 BC, Rome experienced a period of unprecedented expansion and internal upheaval. Victorious in various conflicts, including the destruction of Carthage and Corinth, Rome amassed wealth and power but also faced mounting challenges. 

The era saw the rise of influential generals who reshaped Rome's military and political dynamics. Marius, for instance, revolutionized the army by creating a professional standing force, offering soldiers land as a reward for service. His proteges, such as Sulla and Pompey, furthered this trend, with Sulla even marching on Rome itself to assert his authority. 

Pompey, hailed as a new Alexander the Great, expanded Rome's territories and influence through conquests in North Africa, Spain, and the East. However, his failure as a statesman contributed to the erosion of the Republic's institutions. 

Julius Caesar, surpassing even Pompey's achievements, conquered Gaul and eventually seized power in Rome, effectively ending the Republic. His ambitious projects aimed to rebuild and modernize the city, leaving a lasting legacy despite his assassination. 

Ultimately, the Late Republican generals, through their military exploits and political maneuvers, laid the groundwork for the transition to the Principate under Augustus, marking a profound shift in Rome's governance and identity. 

Top image: Representation of Roman generals. Source: Oliver/Adobe Stock  

Robbie Mitchell's picture


I’m a graduate of History and Literature from The University of Manchester in England and a total history geek. Since a young age, I’ve been obsessed with history. The weirder the better. I spend my days working as a freelance... Read More

Next article