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Artist’s representation of Atlantis

Atlantis Revealed: Plato's Cautionary Tale Was Based On A Real Setting

The time is 360 BC, the dawn of Western civilization. Athens, the cradle of democracy, is the epicenter of the ancient world. In his dialogues of Timaeus and Critias, Plato introduces a tale of an advanced prehistoric civilization, which since has captivated the imagination of every generation that followed. This was the story of Atlantis, an idyllic island paradise of skillful navigators who often crossed the Atlantic to explore. Atlantis, according to Plato, was ultimately lost to the sea. Its memory, though, was not soon forgotten.

For two millennia, people unsuccessfully kept on searching for the legendary island, making Atlantis one of the most lasting and fascinating stories of all time! What about those, however, who over time claim to have found the lost island? The truth is, no one until now was able to introduce a site that perfectly matched Plato's description. Instead, we have theories upon theories on the whereabouts of Atlantis. Why though? If everyone utilizes the same textbook, why the apparent confusion? Can this be a case of gross misinterpretation among researchers, or did early translators fail to properly capture and relay Plato's account? And, what about the chronological conflict that exists in Plato's account?

Let's take the original Santorini hypothesis, for example. Unquestionably, the island of Santorini, its volcanic eruption and the advanced Minoan civilization, was the best we had on Atlantis until recently. This was never a flawless hypothesis, though. Always a big problem with that theory was the fact that Plato's given chronology of 9600 BC had to be discarded (as Athens and most story details did not belong in that period). There is another bigger problem with that theory, though. While Santorini itself undeniably matches the site where the crown city of Atlantis once stood (talking about the concentric rings of earth and water) the problem is, Santorini alone never matched Plato's entire description. The primary island of Atlantis, one Plato said was to be 9 kilometers away, is missing from the particular setting of 1600 BC. These major flaws allowed for critics to raise doubts on that hypothesis, and to continue to question the validity of Plato's story.

Of course, serious research on Atlantis was never simple. Science fiction authors, movies and other creative works of popular culture, eventually capitalized on the story's popularity, and contrary to Plato's account, over time they turned Atlantis into an ultra-modern society with flying machines and technology far beyond our own.

Nonetheless, eventually every search comes to an end. Recently, a four year study that included a thorough analysis of Plato's work established that serious errors by early translators allowed for the mixed messages in the translated document.

The recent study not only decisively placed Atlantis in the Mediterranean Sea, but, it concluded with the discovery and identification of a submerged prehistoric island that in every way matches Plato's Atlantis. While in the past finding Atlantis was thought to be more difficult than winning the lottery, now there is a tangible site where all the physical characteristics of the given description match. The topography, the given chronology, the volcanic geology, the flora and fauna in that period, the island's destruction by a great flood, the presence of an unknown prehistoric civilization in the area, and DNA evidence all point to a genuine discovery.

More specifically, the study shows that around 9600 BC, when according to Plato Atlantis was above water, the modern Cyclades Islands were connected by the Cyclades Plateau, a flat terrain (now 400 feet below sea level,) that formed the body of a huge island. When this prehistoric island is compared to Plato's Atlantis, it immediately becomes evident that this must have been the land Plato was talking about. Its northern region was comprised of mountains that reached the shores. Below the mountainous region there was an oblong valley measuring 555 Km 2. Below the oblong valley there was a smaller valley, 2/3 the size of the oblong valley that measured 370 Km 2. This was the primary island. Nine kilometers away from the primary island, and precisely as Plato depicted, lies the island of Santorini, a circular island with a flooded core and a small island in its center (Santorini, an island within an island setting, a sea volcano with a collapsed center, prior to the volcanic eruption of 1600 BC had a single opening on its outer ring that allowed ships to enter its watery caldera).

Plato's Atlantis

Plato's Atlantis

Atlantis area map

Atlantis area map

The consequence in finding Atlantis at around 9600 BC leaves no doubt that Plato based his story on a real setting and a prehistoric civilization known to ancient Greeks, which in order to successfully communicate some of his philosophical ideas (divine vs. human, ideal societies vs. corrupt,) he filled with familiar matter from later times, including details from the Minoan era of which he was more familiar with. The existence of a matching site at around 9600 BC, in essence, proves that Plato did exactly what Homer did with Troy 400 years before him. (Homer's Iliad was an entirely fictional story that revolved around a real setting and a historical incident that took place 600 years before Homer himself.)

Atlantis - Book Extract

The super-island of the Cyclades Plateau (Plato's Atlantis) was drowned by the sea at around 8000 BC, during the rapid rise of the Mediterranean and just prior to the flooding of the Black Sea (see UNESCO study, 2009.) Incidentally, around this time, Lake Agassiz, a gigantic glacial lake in North America, also burst open and began to drain into the Atlantic. It is worth noting that Lake Agassiz covered an area larger than all the Great Lakes combined (440,000 Km 2) and at times, it contained more fresh water than all the lakes in the world today. The total fresh water outflow from this lake alone was so immense, scientists believe it raised the oceans worldwide by as much as nine feet and further produced the 8.2 kilo-year event that followed, a mini ice age that lasted 400 years! This global cataclysm at the end of the last Ice Age, which ultimately raised sea levels by 400 feet, not only erased our early history, but this could also be the event we all inadvertently refer to as the "Great Flood."

As for the island/continent across from the Pillars of Hercules, one larger than Libya and Asia combined, the latest study demonstrates how Plato's reference of the American continent got misconstrued into that of Atlantis. The mention of the continent across the Atlantic, "one that encompassed that veritable ocean," was Plato's poetic attempt to demonstrate Atlantis's incredible naval capability and its capacity to cross the ocean via island hopping (through Scotland, Orkney Islands, Faroe Islands, Iceland and Greenland.) Several clues and archeological evidence actually confirm that the ancient Greeks were aware of the American continent in order for Plato to include it in his story.

Crossing the Atlantic via island hopping

Crossing the Atlantic via island hopping

The implications of locating Atlantis in the Mediterranean go beyond the discovery itself. This find not only substantiates Plato's claim of prehistoric transatlantic crossings, but may finally help explain how the Mediterranean haplogroup X got to North America 10,000 to 12,000 years ago.

While most geneticists today maintain that haplogroup X walked to America via the Bering Strait, genetic maps show that the furthest region east of the Mediterranean with small traces of haplogroup X, is the Altai Republic in Southern Russia. No traces of haplogroup X exist between Altai Republic and the greater region of the Great Lakes. If haplogroup X infiltrated North America via the Bering Strait, why then does the greatest concentration of haplogroup X (away from the Mediterranean) exist around the Great Lakes and not in Alaska or alongside the west coast? Most importantly, how do we otherwise explain that heavy traces of haplogroup X incidentally also exist in Scotland, Orkney Islands, Faroe islands and Iceland, essentially all the island stops to North America from Europe. 

Genetic Map of Haplogroup X

Genetic Map of Haplogroup X

Finally, a 10,000 year old Mediterranean civilization, may help explain more archaeological oddities in this region. Recent erosion and seismic tests at the Giza Plateau, indicated that the Great Sphinx may be much older structure than previously thought, and along with the site of Gobekli Tepe in Turkey, both seem to coincide with Plato's story of Atlantis. Is it possible that Gobekli Tepe and the monument of The Great Sphinx could be remnants of the same advanced civilization Plato referenced in his story, one that was aggressively advancing against its neighbors in Africa and the Middle East, or do those belong to another culture? And what about the advanced proto-Euphratean people who descended upon the Mesopotamia around 7000 BC, from a region "unknown." Could these enigmatic people be the refugees of the same culture who fled the Mediterranean basin and moved eastwards to escape the inundation? Undoubtedly, they could have brought with them the story of the great flood as well as the skills and technology to incite yet another great civilization, like that of ancient Sumer (just as the survivors around the Cyclades and neighboring islands may have ultimately contributed to the rise of the Minoans).

Featured image: Artist’s representation of Atlantis. Source: BigStockPhoto

All other images are the Copyrighted Material of Christos A. Djonis and have been used with permission.

By Christos A. Djonis

Sources:

From the book " Uchronia? - Atlantis Revealed ".

Comments

Anyone willing to 'take a step back' and review the current work on plasma theory and cosmology under Electric Universe theory as it clarifies and makes myths from around the world 'make sense' will rethink Atlantis too. Check out thunderbolts.info and the work of Wal Thornhill and David Talbott. Devastating electric discharges took place during the time periods for Atlantis and islands in the Med were completely destroyed, malta savaged in a single discharge, for example. Massive dislocations and many cities destroyed in the days when the planets danced in the sky with exchanges of discharges between them, including earth. Good luck

I am also an Electric Universe follower, but I also try to read everything I can on Ancient findings, so here we are putting ideas together and gradually with luck we get more & more of the facts correct. None of the theories are necessarily complete, everyone knows that, but as long as we keep an open mind, which unfortunately 'experts' often fail to do, we will get there. This article is the best so far on Atlantis, what caused the destruction can be looked at from several different angles - the Ice Age was ending, waters were flooding over occupied lands, and there definitely WAS a 'flood'. Now that they have discovered Gobekli Tepe, the 'experts' can no longer insist their timing is right. !! Yeah !!

I totally agree that the work of Wal Thornhill and David Talbott provide keys to reinterpret myths. The conjunction of the planets produced the Sun which was identified as Re and also Osiris.  The ancients identified the heavens as the sea or Nun.  The myth says that Osiris drowned and this compares to Atlantis disappearing into the sea.

Also, the ancients represented the plasma discharge between earth and the planetary configuration as an obelisk or tet which are basically pillars.  This is why the myth locates Atlantis beyond the pillars of Hercules which really are the pillars or tet of Heru.  The Atlantean myth says that Atlantis was the home of the Gods and the ancients said that the planetary configuration was the body/emblem of the Gods.  In any case, Atlantis never existed on earth and its myth is a corruption of the Ancient Egyptian myths.

Very convincing theory, but how do you explain why the Cyclades doesn't lie beyond the accepted location of the Pillar of Hercules that Pluto claimed Atlantis did?

The Cyclades lies so close to Greece, wouldn't Pluto have known its former name and history, and have just said Atlantis once stood where we now find the Cyclades?

Recent archeaology at the Maroula site on one of the Cyclades islands of Kythnos, has discovered human remains and living quarters of 10,000 to 8,000 B.C. that suggest its occupants were no more than hunter gatherers - no evidence of the advanced civilisation that Pluto talked of. (Though, I must admit, I'm puzzled that a paved floor on a dwelling doesn't suggest such a civilisation...)

http://www.fhw.gr/chronos/01/en/ml/housing/kithnosfr.html

Hi; Atlantis, if existed, apparently is in an area and of a time when planetary upheaval was causing horrendous havoc in THAT part of the world. Crete, Malta and a large number of cities in the area ceased to exist or were totally wiped out by the shock waves and electric discharges of magnitudes just not imaginable today. Atlantis, if existed, probably did just sink into the water after a huge shockwave caused Earthquake by either a close passing of mars or Jupiter as recorded in the myths of the area and around the world. Of course Electric Universe and Saturnian mythology as unfolding today must needs be researched via Jno Cook, David Talbott or Wal Thornhill for starters. Get videos and writings on this newly emerging catastrophic history of the planets and how it changed the human story on Earth. Hope this helps

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