The foundation of the Kingdom of Rome is a legendary event that marks the beginning of Rome's history and the birth of one of the greatest civilizations in the world.
According to myth, Rome was founded in 753 BC by the twin brothers Romulus and Remus, who were said to have been raised by a she-wolf after being abandoned as infants.
However, archaeological evidence suggests that the origins of Rome are much more complex and multifaceted, with the city's early history shaped by a variety of social, economic, and political factors.
In this section, we include articles relating to the legend of the foundation of Rome, as well as the historical context in which the city emerged, and the consequent history of the kingdom period. During the kingdom period, there were seven legendary kings of Rome, and the subjects of the kingdom were predominantly Latin tribes.
Here are the names of the legendary kings of Rome and a brief description of their reign:
Romulus (753-717 BC): Legendary founder of Rome, who established the city's first settlement and its institutions.
Numa Pompilius (717-673 BC): A wise king who established many of Rome's religious and legal customs.
Tullus Hostilius (673-641 BC): A militaristic king who expanded Rome's territory through conquest.
Ancus Marcius (641-616 BC): A just king who built many of Rome's public works, including the first bridge across the Tiber River.
Lucius Tarquinius Priscus (616-578 BC): A foreign-born king who is said to have introduced many Greek cultural practices to Rome.
Servius Tullius (578-535 BC): A reform-minded king who reorganized Rome's social and political structures.
Lucius Tarquinius Superbus (535-509 BC): The last king of Rome, who ruled as a tyrant and was overthrown by the Roman Republic.
Note that the historical accuracy of these kings and their reigns is debated among scholars, and much of what is known about the ancient kingdom of Rome comes from later literary sources and archaeological evidence.
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