One million-year-old settlement uncovered in Britain
Archaeologists believe they have found the birthplace of British civilisation, and it is underneath a £15-a-night caravan park in Norfolk, England. Discoveries at the site include one million-year-old artefacts and fossilised animal remains, which are the oldest ever found in the UK. Scientists now believe that it was the first, or one of the first settlement sites of early humans in Britain.
Although researchers are yet to uncover any human remains from our predecessors, it is believed the site currently lying beneath Manor Caravan Park in Happisburgh, Norfolk, was a settlement created by early human relatives, such as Homo erectus.
"We don't know which species of early human first came to Britain so my dream is to find a fossil human at Happisburgh," said Chris Stringer, research leader in human origins at the Natural History Museum.
The complete findings are set to be revealed next month in Natural History Museum’s exhibition: ‘Britain: One Million Years of the Human Story’, where more than 200 specimens and objects will be on display.
"Happisburgh could be the first place where humans settled in Britain,” said Stringer. “We have some spectacular finds of tools and the fossils of butchered animals beneath cliffs in front of what is now partly a holiday caravan park. We think the site where they lived was on the river Thames, which flowed out into the North Sea at that point."
The landscape in Norfolk at the time would have been covered with thick forest and populated with dangerous predators such as sabre-toothed tigers and hyenas. However, it was also a rich hunting ground full of mammoths, bison, deer, and horses. The early humans living at the time would also have been able to walk to mainland Europe as one million years ago, Kent was connected to Germany.
Watch Video: Britain: One Million Years of the Human Story