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Witches' Sabbath, 1819-1823 by  Francisco Goya

Killing with Curses: Obscure 17th Century Muggletonian Sect

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Truth is sometimes stranger than fiction. One of the debates among fans of the ‘Potterverse’ – the fictional universe that is the setting for the Harry Potter-related novels and movies – is where did the author J.K. Rowling draw her inspiration for the term ‘Muggle’? Rowling herself explained about 15 years ago that it derives from “mug”, a British-English term for someone who is easily fooled. She added the final ‘gle’ to make it sound less demeaning and more ‘cuddly’. There is a rumor doing the rounds that the term ‘muggle’ is actually derived from an obscure 17th century English nonconformist religious sect called the Muggletonians, who believed they could kill through curses.

Wizardly shopping street hidden from muggles at Warner Brothers studios. (Richard Croft CC BY-SA 2.0)

Wizardly shopping street hidden from muggles at Warner Brothers studios. (Richard Croft CC BY-SA 2.0)

The Muggletonians derived their name from co-founder Lodowicke Muggleton, a name with some similarity to Ludovic ‘Ludo’ Bagman, a character in Harry Potter. And, the Muggletonians also believed they could destroy their enemies with curses – just like the Dark Wizards in Harry Potter!

There are at least three fatal flaws to this rumor. The first is wizards, warlocks and black magicians have all claimed the ability to destroy their enemies with curses for thousands of years before J.K. Rowling started writing. Secondly, if Rowling had drawn her inspiration from the Muggletonians, why would she not disclose it, not least as it makes for a better story than one about mugs. And, thirdly, at no point during the 300 years of their existence were the Muggletonians ever referred to as Muggles.

However, in one of those examples of fact being stranger than fiction, the real-life Muggletonians were such a curious group of characters they could have stemmed from a best-selling author’s imagination. So, let’s meet them but, before we do, we need to set some historical context to their life and times.

Aftermath of the English Civil War: Nonconformist Sects

The location is London during what is now known as the Interregnum of 1649 to 1660 when Oliver Cromwell’s ‘Roundhead’ forces had defeated the Royalist cavaliers in the English Civil War and executed King Charles the First. With the Church of England disestablished and its bishops driven from their cathedrals, the way was clear for independent Protestant sects – who dissented from and refused to conform with the doctrines and rituals of the Church of England – to thrive and come out into the open.


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Charles Christian is a professional writer, editor, award-winning journalist and former Reuters correspondent. His non-fiction books include Writing Genre Fiction: Creating Imaginary Worlds: The 12 Rules

Charles has presented a variety of excellent talks with AO Premium on ancient legends, surprising folklore, and creepy and cool traditions:

Top Image: Witches' Sabbath, 1819-1823 by  Francisco Goya (Pubic Domain)

By Charles Christian



Charles Christian is an English barrister and Reuters correspondent turned writer, editor, podcaster, award-winning tech journalist and sometime werewolf hunter now a chronicler of weird tales in weird times. As well as being a regular contributor to Ancient Origins Premium,... Read More

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