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The book of deer

The Ancient Book of Deer, Oldest Known Gaelic Text in Existence


Currently housed at the University of Cambridge Library, the historic Book of Deer is said to have been discovered by the University's librarian, Henry Bradshaw, around 1860. It is said to be the only pre-Norman manuscript revealing tenth century northeastern Scottish culture's society and religious traditions, and is the earliest known Gaelic document in existence.

Although fascinating to historians for multiple reasons, the greatest intrigue for those drawn to this ancient text lies within the handwritten notations made in its margins and other blank areas, and not necessarily within the text itself. The notations, also referred to as 'notitiae', are written in the type of Gaelic typically spoken by the upper classes in the early twelfth century region of Buchan at a time later than the original text, indicated land grants or 'charters' and represented the legal rights to land believed to have belonged to the original Deer monastery of Aberdeenshire in Scotland, thus presenting a clear connection to the Deer region.

Deer Abbey in Scotland.

Deer Abbey in Scotland. (Public Domain)

Although a Cistercian Abbey can be traced back to the year 1219 in a nearby region, any links to an earlier monastery have never been established and appear to have vanished entirely other than within the hand writings of the Book of Deer. If the writings are, in fact, valid, and not forgeries, they indicate the earliest Gaelic documents in Scottish existence - dated back to three centuries earlier than the next earliest historical writings confirmed. Although their credibility has been called into question by some, others argue the writing is completely authentic and believe clues to the location of the actual monastery will be found eventually. Through continued study and ongoing excavations like the fall of 2015's endeavor which sought to use ground-penetrating radar as well as other archeological work being planned and funded primarily by the namesake Scottish Book of Deer Project, such a discovery may well occur in time.

The text of the book comprises eighty-six folios including portions of the Gospels of Matthew, Mark and Luke, the full Gospel of John, an Anointing of the Sick (especially relevant as the church sought to secure the Picts' faith over traditional folk healers when sick), the Apostles' Creed, and an old Irish colophon arranged into a small Gospel Book. (There is also an interesting element within the text, largely considered an error in the Gospel of Luke, which indicates a man named Seth to be the first man and grandfather of Adam.) These types of books were usually made for personal use at the time rather than for use in church, and were called "Irish Pocket Gospel Books." Cambridge University was provided the book by King George I after he bought the library of Bishop John Moore in 1715, but its original transport from its roots in Aberdeenshire remains a mystery. Some have speculated that the Wars of Scottish Independence may have provided the circumstances for its theft.

Folio 5r contains the text of the Gospel of Matthew from 1:18 through 1:21. Note the Chi Rho monogram in the upper left corner. The margins contain Gaelic text.

Folio 5r contains the text of the Gospel of Matthew from 1:18 through 1:21. Note the Chi Rho monogram in the upper left corner. The margins contain Gaelic text. (Public Domain)

Although some have suggested the penmanship appears identical among the various notations, others have stressed the differences and proposed the possibility of five different writers. Some of the accompanying artistry, however, is especially unique and noteworthy. Decorative adornments of letters, large Evangelist illustrations and simple drawings can be found throughout the book, and its style suggests similarities to early Irish manuscripts such as the old Irish manuscripts of the Book of Dimma and Book of Durrow.

Folio 1 verso from the Book of Deer (Cambridge University Library, MS. II.6.32), showing the four evangelists.

Folio 1 verso from the Book of Deer (Cambridge University Library, MS. II.6.32), showing the four evangelists. (Public Domain)

Of particular relevance aside from the land grants' writing are areas which centered around the monastery's creation in Deer by the saints Drostan and Columba, after they were given the original land from a Pictish authority named Bede. Additionally, some of the writings asserted the monastery was free to remain of paying certain fees. David I of Scotland is also mentioned in the writings, as he is said to have given the monastery certain immunity from lay service and future demands for payments. As a result, during the time of David's rule in Scotland, he enjoyed heightened 'sair sanct' status throughout his reign.

The entire book has now been shared with the world via the digital images of the Cambridge University Library.

Top image: The book of deer. (Public Domain)

By Kristen C


Kenneth Hurlstone Jackson (1972) The Gaelic Notes in the Book of Deer

Long Lost Book of Deer Monastery May Have Been Found, Helen McArdle, Available from:

The Book of Deer Project, Available from:



My thanks for your comment
My thanks for revealing to all your heart and soul.

Sure pushed your button.

Nice try??? What are you talking about? Was not TRYING anything other then perhaps reflecting back some of that which you where projecting. Do you seriously believe I was going to waste my time on TRYING to sway you from any and all your beliefs. You flatter yourself
I am very good at recognizing a fanatic when coming across them no matter what mask they wear. It’s the aroma of fecal matter. You must sleep with a copy of mein kampf under your pillow.

So, Let me get this right. Your telling me that a few of the examples as you put it I ‘choose’, these fuzzy wuzzy warm feelings that where taught to me as a child, in which I still believe and try to live by. That these tidbits of wisdom in how to behave and conduct ourselves even in the face of your ‘enemy’ ARE NOT good choices.

Wow. How incredible naive I have been for the last 60 years. No wonder people consider me as being stupid and ignorant. Just haven’t found the right God yet I guess or any god for that matter. Gotta get me some of that god if it means I can be one of you.

I feel sad and pity for you, obsessed with your beliefs, such a disturbing mind. So full of hatred and anger.

You are one of these emotional/spiritual terrorists. Beating the drum of fear , fanning the flames of anger, whispering hatred, perpetuating ignorance.

Serving a self fulfilling prophesy , hastening the ‘end of days’ which heralds the return of your Savior bringing about the great rapture, all for a seat in the presence of your Lord. Born from sin, living in sin, being a god fearing person of faith, living in fear, praying for for-give-ness, living for the day to die to dwell with your Savior. Talk about a DEATH CULT.

Thanks for the history lesson. I am only as ignorant as you project me to be. “ It is thought”, that the Church’s and it’s members hatred for Jews, stems in part from the believe that it was they that crucified their Lord and Savior.

Yes history is a funny thing isn’t it? How many died in the Catholic crusades, the Catholic invasion of the ‘New World’, during the inquisition, the Catholic wars of Europe. The murdering, the torture, the burning at the stake. All in the name of the Church, God, Lord , Savior.

It is strange. They say that in part we are a product of our environment. If you are a said product in part due to the environment of your Church, that the beliefs you expound and practice are what you learnt from your Church, is it any wonder we have the problems we do.

Time is now being a wasted. Please allow me to draw this to a close by drawing from the teaching of your Church.

Forgive us our trespasses/sins, as we forgive them/those that trespass against us.

I bid you adieu.

LOL, nice try. Of course I know I use a Jewish name. I used it when I tried to receive press releases from the PR firm for the Illuminati. Even Jews funny enough are using Irish names online.

Nice and warm and fuzzy wuzzy you question which you appear to not like? ?? We are all born with original sin and so Catholic and non Catholic are all prone. So you're enjoying the Satanic New World Order death cult? Oh, but that's insignificant, right? It's God's church that needs to be scrutinised. Psyco babble speak in which you are a clear example of. I'm very Jew wise - a fairly recent awakening. And have always wondered why we are never taught about Jewish Communism and how they have killed millions and millions. Are you familiar with their Satanic bible, the Talmud? Funny how we only hear of those dreadful Fascists? I wonder why? And I know the Pharisee Jews caused the PROTESTant Revolution (pseudo reformation) and have fully controlled the Vatican since Vatican II. Funny how Catholics no longer run the universities of truth??

We haven't had the true Western civilisation since the PROTESTant Revolution. What are you talking about? LOL - denial of the destruction of Western Civilisation? And no mention of the migrant and Islamic invasion who are mass raping Western women.

In the early part of the 11th century, A.D., Roman Catholic Europe and the Holy Roman Empire were embroiled in a conflict with the Muslim World, which was seeking to expand its influence along with the spread of Islam. This war came to a head when the Muslim Moors conquered Spain. It was during this conflict when influential Jewish financiers and merchants that had close ties with the Spanish royal courts worked as spies and informants for the invading Moors, and used subversive tactics which enabled the Moorish conquest of Spain. It is thought that the reasoning for this was a combination of resentment towards Christianity, the Catholic Church and the European people, as well as opportunity for financial and political gain. This period was known as a “Golden Age for Jews“. Spain remained a Muslim country until 1492, when King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella mounted a “Reconquista”, booting out the Moors- and the Jews. History is a funny thing sometimes.

Consecrate Russia Now!!!

Virgin Mary as Morning Star

Our Lady the Mother of God will crush the serpent


Consecrate Russia Now!!!

Genesis 3:15 >
"I will put enmities between thee and the woman, and thy seed and her seed: she shall crush thy head, and thou shalt lie in wait for her heel."

- And the dragon was angry against the woman: and went to make war with the rest of her seed, who keep the commandments of God, and have the testimony of Jesus Christ.
(Catholic writing of Apocalypse 12:17)

Virgin Mary as Morning Star

Psalm 131:8 >
"Arise, O Lord, into thy resting place: thou and the ark, which Thou hast sanctified."

Wisdom 7:26 > "For she is the brightness of eternal light, and the unspotted mirror of God's majesty."

For she is the brightness of eternal light, and the unspotted mirror of God's majesty.
(Catholic Faith (pre-fulfillment) writing of Wisdom 7:26)

- In me is all grace of the way and of the truth, in me is all hope of life and of virtue.
(Catholic Faith (pre-fulfillment) writing of Ecclesiasticus 24:25)

He that shall find me, shall find life, and shall have salvation from the Lord.
(Catholic Faith (pre-fulfillment) writing of Proverbs 8:35)

Because He hath regarded the humility of his handmaid; for behold from henceforth all generations shall call me blessed.
(Catholic writing of Saint Luke 1:48)

Jews play a leading role in promoting multiculti in the West

Head of French Jewish lobbys – solutions to paris attacks – more Muslims – more wars – more censorship

The first reaction to truth is hatred.

Prevention of birth is a precipitation of murder. (we have normalized human sacrifices called abortion)

You cannot parcel out freedom in pieces because freedom is all or nothing.

Truth engenders hatred of truth. As soon as it appears, it is the enemy.

Out of the frying pan, into the fire.

It is certain because it is impossible.

Nothing that is God's is obtainable by money.

What has Athens to do with Jerusalem?

It is certain because it is possible.

The more you mow us down, the more numerous we grow; the blood of Christians is seed.

Tertullian (160-220) said that the Catholic Faith and Jewish power are like the two pans of a pair of scales: as Catholic Faith goes up, so Jewish power goes down, and as Catholic Faith goes down, so Jewish power goes up. But the Faith overtops the power. That is why the primary problem is not the Jews, but the increase or decrease of the Faith amongst men. That is why conspiracies do exist, they have an important part to play and they are not to be merely scorned, but the central problem is men turning away from the true God in his one true Church. In brief -- and here is the crucial point – the Gentiles have only themselves to blame if Jewish power is today so great.

2:9. I know thy tribulation and thy poverty: but thou art rich. And thou art blasphemed by them that say they are Jews and are not, but are the synagogue of Satan.

John 8:32
32 Then you will know the truth, and the truth will set you free.”

Revelation 12:9
The great dragon was hurled down—that ancient serpent called the devil, or Satan, who leads the whole world astray. He was hurled to the earth, and his angels with him.

In Matthew 16:6, Jesus said, "Take heed and beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and of the Sadducees".

Timothy 4:1 “They will be fooled by evil spirits and by teachings that come from demons”

Ephesians 6:12
12 For our struggle is not against flesh and blood, but against the rulers, against the authorities, against the powers of this dark world and against the spiritual forces of evil in the heavenly realms.

John 8:44
You people are from your father the devil, and you want to do what your father desires. He was a murderer from the beginning, and does not uphold the truth, because there is no truth in him. Whenever he lies, he speaks according to his own nature, because he is a liar and the father of lies.

Psalm 83:1-18 A Song. A Psalm of Asaph. O God, do not keep silence; do not hold your peace or be still, O God! For behold, your enemies make an uproar; those who hate you have raised their heads. They lay crafty plans against your people; they consult together against your treasured ones. They say, “Come, let us wipe them out as a nation; let the name of Israel be remembered no more!” For they conspire with one accord; against you they make a covenant.

“Let God be true, but every man a liar” - Romans 3:4
Hegelian Dialectics

Mathew 7, 15-20 :- “Beware of false prophets, which come to you in sheep’s clothing, but inwardly they are ravening wolves. Ye shall know them by their fruits. Do men gather grapes of thorns, or figs of thistles? Even so every good tree bringeth forth good fruit: but a corrupt tree bringeth forth evil fruit. A good tree cannot bring forth evil fruit, neither can a corrupt tree bring forth good fruit. Every tree that bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire. Wherefore by their fruits ye shall know them.”

"The customs of the Jews are base and abominable and owe their persistence to their depravity. Jews are extremely loyal to one another, always ready to show compassion, but towards every other people they feel only hate and enimity. As a race (the Jews are not a race, because they have mingled with the other races to the point that they are only a people, not a race), they are prone to lust; among themselves nothing is unlawful." (Roman Historian Tacitus).

Hear Hear !!! I totally agree ! And second your reply to the drivel spewed... Sliante !!!

You do realize that the last name GOLDSMITH is of Jewish origin, don’t you?

You appear to be one of those folks, a person of faith and it would appear to be the Catholic one. Practicing all of these nice warm fuzzy wuzzy teaching of the Church. Things like;

Thou shall not commit murder
Thou shall not bear false witness
Love your neighbour
Turn the other check
Judge not least yea be judged
Judgement is mine sayith the lord
Blessed are the meek
Be the good Samaritan
Know thy self
Help those is need
Do unto others as you would have them do unto you.

Then there is the ‘common sense’ things that we all learnt in kinder-garden, in a Christian based culture.

Be kind, be courteous, be respectful. Play nice and learn to share your toys with the other little boys and girls in the sand box. Don’t shove, don’t push, don’t be a bully. No hitting, no taking something that is not yours.

Such pearls of wisdom to live by. But it would appear that many forget. Forgotten or twisted into something like; Do unto others then split before they can do unto you.

Which is why I don’t understand your comment, being so ugly and full or hate. More psycho babble. You must be friends with William Bradshaw to spew such dingle berries verbal diarrhea.

Kennedy was killed not because he was a Catholic but rather was deemed a threat.

It is not the age of the Anti Christ but rather the age of waking up.
“ A lie told long enough and long enough becomes a truth”. “This myth of Christ has served us well”

Don’t forget. The ‘myth’ of Jesus the Christ of being the son of god, of virgin birth of dying for our sins, etc., came about by a ‘vote’ from the Princes of the early Catholic Church. If anybody does not accept these teachings then well “ If your not with us your against us”. All you need to do is look at history of how those who did not accept and believe these teachings where dealt with which continues to this day in various forms.

It’s not the Western civilization being destroyed but rather Western Christian beliefs are being questioned and challenged as more people wake up and question what they are being told to believe in, what you can do, what you cannot do, how to act, how to pick your nose. This is why the sheep are leaving the fold. The shepherd’s are hypocrites.

After all “you can fool some of the people some of the time, but you can’t fool all of the people all of the time”.

Your comment reveals you are anti- Jewish, a homophobic, you perpetuate lies and deceit. You forgot to add not only according to your doctrine that ‘they are baby murdering’ but they also make sacrifices and eat babies. Lordy Lordy that such garbage can spew from my fellow human’s is disgusting.

You do realize that the word apocalypse root meaning translates as; the ‘uncovering’,’ lifting of the veil (which surrounds the mysteries) or a revelation’, ‘a disclosure of something hidden’. For centuries the truth has been hidden by the Church’s. The veil is being lifted, the truths coming forward. People are waking up to their truth. This is all a threat to the Church(s).

Disappearing is the doctrine that only the Church, Popes and, Priests can understand the words of God.

Under your personal doctrine apparently Catholics don’t cheat, lie, practice deceit, commit murder, rape, commit no sins, etc., etc., etc., etc., etc.. Nothing but pearly white folks in your Church.

It is you that needs to ‘deprogram’ yourself from the insidious, dogmatic, brainwashing teachings.

quango, Worshipped a snake?, I don't think so. The Celts had always believed in a one true God. The druids already had a draft of the Ten Commandments. Tribe of Dan (Danes and Vikings)- not Celtic. More like the tribe of Levi - priests and singers of the temple which clearly reflects the modern Irish. Irish Catholic priests were great missionaries. So many significant writers,poets, broadcasters, musicians and dancers of Irish heritage which is undeniable. From Kate Bush, Enya to F Scott Fitzgerald, Margaret Mitchell, Judy Garland, even art historian and writer Robert Hughes. And ask yourself, why was there only one US Catholic president who ended up having his life curtailed along with his brother and son?

Druids and St Brendan were great navigators and had been to many parts of the world including America to evangelise. Druids had phenomenal memories and recited thousands of poems by heart and had universities offering freed education to anyone from around the world to study for 20 years! Oral history and secret sacred knowledge. And then evolved into monasteries.

We now live in the Age of the Anti Christ rule which has been creeping in for centuries with their false prophets and false science etc and complete destruction of Western civilisation. Get ready, sheeple. The shepherd has lost his sheep in our Jew world order of tyranny, lies, baby murdering and destruction of decency, truth, justice, natural family etc. God's wrath and the apocalypse is near. The Zionists (money changers) have taken over. Heaven and hell exists and hell is where Satan wants you. It's your choice. Deprogram from yourself from all the ZOG brainwashing.


Kristen C's picture

Kristen C

Kristen C is a freelance writer with degrees in Counseling and Integrated Humanities, which featured cognates of Psychology, Sociology and Religious Studies. Kristen enjoys nature, loves animals and is interested in vegetarian cooking, natural and homemade do-it-yourself projects and almost all types of... Read More

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