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Alexander the Great Founding Alexandria, Egypt.	Source: Public Domain

What Happened to Alexander the Great in Ancient Egypt? (Video)

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Alexander the Great's expedition into ancient Egypt during the mid-4th century BC marked a pivotal moment in history, characterized by a profound convergence of civilizations. Despite Egypt's longstanding history, spanning millennia and encompassing legendary pharaohs, the land had succumbed to Persian rule by the time Alexander arrived. However, his approach differed markedly from that of previous conquerors.

Upon entering Egypt, Alexander was not met with hostility but rather greeted as a potential liberator by the Egyptian populace. His strategic respect for local customs and religious beliefs played a crucial role in shaping this reception. Notably, his homage to the sacred Apis bull in Memphis exemplified his understanding of the significance of Egyptian religious practices. By integrating himself into these traditions, Alexander sought to establish rapport with the Egyptian people and present himself as a benevolent ruler rather than a conquering tyrant.

Furthermore, Alexander's restoration of Egyptian temples and monuments underscored his commitment to honoring the country's cultural heritage. His actions reflected a nuanced understanding of cultural diplomacy, aiming to bridge the gap between Macedonian conquest and Egyptian civilization.

Despite his relatively brief stay in Egypt, Alexander's legacy endured, leaving an indelible mark on the land. From the founding of Alexandria to enigmatic depictions of him as an Egyptian pharaoh within Luxor Temple, his presence continued to reverberate through the annals of history, symbolizing the enduring fascination with ancient Egypt's rich and multifaceted heritage.

Top image: Alexander the Great Founding Alexandria, Egypt. Source: Public Domain

By Robbie Mitchell

Robbie Mitchell's picture


I’m a graduate of History and Literature from The University of Manchester in England and a total history geek. Since a young age, I’ve been obsessed with history. The weirder the better. I spend my days working as a freelance... Read More

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