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Ancient Egyptian Town

Excavation uncovers ancient Egyptian town in northern Egypt

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An excavation mission carried out by the Ministry of State for Antiquities has uncovered the remains of an ancient Egyptian town dating back to the Middle Kingdom from approximately 2000 BC to 1700 BC, which were discovered at the Hyksos fort at Tel El-Yahoud area in Qalioubiya governorate in northern Egypt.  The excavation mission had been resumed after a period of inactivity which began after the January 2011 revolution.

The discovery includes a collection of houses and royal palaces, a temple dedicated to the god Sotekh, a necropolis with a large number of rock-hewn tombs from the Hyksos era and a four-metre tall mud brick fortress, which reveals that the town had protection from invading forces. A number of fascinating artefacts such as lamps, amulets, clay pots and scarabs were also unearthed. 

One of the more unique findings including floor tiles from the palace of the Pharaohs Ramses II (3 rd King of the 19 th Dynasty) and his son Meneptah (4 th King of the 19 th Dynasty).

The discovery of the ancient Egyptian town is significant as it reveals new information about the daily life of ancient Egyptians from the New Kingdom, which was a time of international prestige and prosperity for Egypt, until the Graeco–Roman era when Alexander the Great conquered Egypt, thus ending unwanted Persian rule.

By April Holloway

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