The Minoan Civilization
In Crete, Greece, there existed one of the oldest and most powerful civilizations on earth: the Minoan civilization. They received the name from the legendary King Minos , though some suggest that Minos was not his name but his title, like ‘Governor’ in the ancient Cretan language.
The Minoan civilization lived about 5000 years ago and was the first large civilization of Europe. Minoans were enigmatic people that advanced commerce and arts, and at the same time were great warriors and sailors. The Minoans were also the first European civilization to use a written language, which was deciphered just a few years ago. According to Homer, the kingdom had 90 cities, the main city being Knossos, and was governed for 9 years by King Minos, in close relationship with his father, the god Zeus.
The legend of Talo—the giant metallic, robot-like being gifted to Minos by Zeus—took place during the period of the Minoan civilization. Daedalus also flourished in Crete at this time, building great structures for Minos, including the famous labyrinth where the Minotaur was held captive. Theseus, another demigod and son of the god Poseidon, finally killed the Minotaur with the help of Minos’ daughter, Ariadne. The labyrinth was once considered a myth until Sir Arthur Evans discovered the city of Knossos in Crete, taking the myth out of the sphere of legends and putting it back into the timeline of history. Daedalus is also the man who built a ‘flying machine’ for his son Icarus, as well as a great labyrinth in Egypt which is yet to be discovered.
At the peak of their evolution—and without any other obvious threats in Europe—the Minoans disappeared without any obvious explanation, which is one of the reasons why professor Marinatos connected the destruction of the Minoan civilization with the eruption of the Santorin volcano in the Aegean Sea and the resulting tsunami. A few archaeologists suggest that the destruction of the Minoan civilization began with the eruption of the volcano and the tsunami, but was completed by the invasion of the Mycenaean civilization, another very old and powerful Greek civilization, from the mainland. Furthermore, others have suggested that the Crete of the Minoans may be identified with the lost continent of Atlantis.
We can see that this great civilization was once ruled by a demigod—the son of Zeus, the god who helped and supported the king by giving him a ‘metallic giant being’ to protect his kingdom— and was home to other legendary figures like Daedalus, who helped create impressive structures and flying machines. All of these stories would still be considered myths if not for Evans’s discovery of Knossos in Crete; yet some are still considered mythology while others are accepted as history. Is it not possible that indeed ‘gods’ and ‘demigods’ were the first rulers and supporters of the Minoan civilization until they were abandoned and/or destroyed? And if so, who or what were these gods? And what were their origins?
By John Black