Sea-Farers from the Levant: Do Ancient Inscriptions Rewrite History of the Americas? - Part 2
In this opinion piece exploring proto-Sinaitic inscriptions, guest writer William James Veall challenges the view that Christopher Columbus was the first foreigner to set foot in the Americas by examining ancient writing systems that echo or even match text found along the coastline of Uruguay. Could peoples of West Africa have contacted the Americas thousands of years ago?
In an historic breakthrough, an eminent Epigrapher using the ancient Manding System of Writing has translated the inscriptive material discovered along the Southern Atlantic coastline of Uruguay.
Google Earth remote sensing satellite photography is used extensively in my research and it was during such a survey that I discovered a previously unknown, astronomically-aligned geoglyph along the Southern Atlantic shoreline of Uruguay. Coincidentally, at virtually the same time, I uncovered a mass of inscriptions carved into a 5,000 meter length of a white, crystalline rock extrusion—possibly rhyolite or syenite—running exactly parallel to the geoglyph.
Visually, the satellite photographs (Found in “Sea-Farers from the Levant - Part 1”) show the inscriptions have a wide variation in character type and style which, hypothetically, suggested a time frame, circa 1850 B.C. (proto Siniatic) through to full 'international' Phoenician alphabet, invented circa 1100 B.C. However, inscriptive material is only meaningful in any situation if transliteration can discern a word or phrase, a place, name of a known personage or even a date. With this in mind I contacted an eminent Epigrapher with an intimate knowledge of Semitic languages ranging across the hypothesized time scale.
What was uncovered was mind-blowing. A series of words and phrases, which confirms that centuries ago there was direct trans-oceanic contact between West Africa and the Mediterranean Regions... with South America!
Two of the historic satellite photographs, Figs 1 and 2 (above), overlaid with words and phrases in the ancient West African, Manding System of Writing, detected and translated by eminent Epigrapher, Dr. Clyde Winters, PhD, from the inscriptive material discovered along the Southern Atlantic shoreline of Uruguay by the author. (Copyright William J Veall 2014)
A keen-eyed reader of “Sea-Farers from the Levant - Part 1” took the opportunity to inform me that some of the 'Uruguayan' characters depicted in the satellite photographs were very similar to Bulgarian Runes, and kindly sent a chart to illustrate the point. Sure enough, many of the signs did mirror those carved into the rocks along the Uruguayan shoreline.
Intrigued, I sent a copy of “Sea-Farers from the Levant - Part 1” to expert Epigrapher , Dr. Clyde A. Winters, Ph.D. of the Uthman dan Fodio Institute, Illinois and at the same time queried the apparent close similarity of the 'Uruguayan' characters to Bulgarian Runes. With Dr. Winters full permission, I quote verbatim his very interesting response:
It is not surprising that the signs from Uruguay resemble the Hungarian writing. They resemble each other because the Vai writing system and other writing systems is based on the Thinite writing.
“The ancient Hungarians were also Kushites so their writing system looks identical to other writing systems based on Thinite used in West Asia and Africa.”
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Dr. Winters conducted an overview of the Uruguayan rock inscriptions and added the following rider to his transliteration chart below.
"I believe these inscriptions were written by some of the scouts of Mansa Abubakari that he sent out ahead of the main expeditionary force of at least 25,000. They appear to be inscriptions like those I found in Brazil and North America that was telling the members of the expedition the best places to establish settlements".
There is no doubt that these inscriptions carved in the Manding System of Writing and translated by Dr. Winters announces the same message he interpreted from markings found in Brazil and North America. For readers who wish to learn more about the ancient Manding Peoples and the Writing Systems they invented, I recommend "The Ancient Manding Script" by Dr. Clyde Winters.
The huge quantity of inscriptive material carved into the 5,000 meter length rock outcrop may take many years to completely unravel; this 'village' port of call in South America confirms, in view of the many and varying inscribed character styles, to have had visitations from Trans-Oceanic traders plying wares from as far away as West Africa and the Mediterranean region. Now that a door has opened, courtesy of Dr. Winters' freely given expertise, I hope more epigraphers will come forward in a concerted effort to further break-down the remaining huge mass of data.
With the introduction of the 'Manding' element into the equation, not forgetting the close similarity of the Bulgarian Runes, the chronological time frame must now take into account visitations other than those I have already hypothesized in “Sea-Farers from the Levant - Part 1”, from the proto-Sinaitic, circa 1850 B.C. and reaching out to the African, Mansa Abubakari expeditionary force, circa AD 1312—a timeline of some 3,300 years trans-oceanic activity.
However, bear in mind, the Manding system of writing was created thousands of years beforehand from proto-Mande, (circa 4000 B.C.), in fact long before the Phoenicians arrived in Africa, circa 1200 B.C. This statement, of course, still raises the question; were the Manding inscriptions actually carved in the 14th century A.D. or are they contemporaneous within the time frame I hypothesized in Part 1?
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Archaeoastronomy combines the science of astronomy and archaeology for the purpose of discovering clues as to the importance of celestial phenomena in the everyday life of ancient cultures world-wide.
This topic is extremely relevant from an Archaeoastronomy point of view because the long suspected route to South America from Mali in West Africa was via the city of Niani (Niamey), down the Niger River to the Gulf of Guinea and then to the Americas via the Guinea or Brazilian ocean currents. The orientation of my newly discovered Uruguayan geoglyph—running through the inscriptive field—points north-eastwards, and when extended out across the Southern Atlantic Ocean, enters the Gulf of Guinea close to the Niger River Delta! Is this an invisible thread inexorably linking the countries of West Africa to the South American mainland in ancient times?
So in the final analysis, can a conclusion be drawn as to the 'historical' fate for Christopher Columbus? Emphatically, Yes! The evidence has become overwhelming. We now know from the archaeological record, trans-oceanic voyaging was alive and well thousands of years before Columbus was born. In my opinion, it is now time to readjust the claims of the Spanish historians and realign them to accord with the modern record.
I am confident that further diligent application of epigraphy to the inscriptive records carved into the Uruguayan shoreline, may yet reveal more unexpected surprises. The translations generously provided by Dr. Winters suggests this is another historic breakthrough in the search for proof of trans-oceanic contact between the two Continents, West Africa and South America.
Video: “Black Native American Mound Builders - View Dr. Clyde A. Winter's explanatory sketch map of 'Abubakari's Route to the New World' actually passing along the Uruguayan coastline.”
Featured image: One of the satellite photographs clearly showing the vast amount of inscriptive material discovered by Archaeoastronomer, William James Veall, on the South Atlantic coastline of Uruguay, South America. (Copyright William J Veall 2014)