Ancient Origins Tour IRAQ

Ancient Origins Tour IRAQ Mobile

Late Period of Ancient Egypt

This period covers the time from  approximately 712 BC to 332 BC, and it was marked by foreign domination and  political instability. Despite these challenges, the Late Period also saw  important cultural and religious developments, as well as significant  achievements in art and architecture.

The Late Period began with the Nubian  rulers of the 25th Dynasty, who conquered Egypt and established a new dynasty  based in the city of Napata. However, this period of Nubian rule was  short-lived, and Egypt soon fell under the control of the Assyrians, followed  by the Persians, Greeks, and finally, the Macedonians under Alexander the  Great.

Despite this period of foreign domination,  the Late Period was not without its achievements. The period saw important  religious developments, including the emergence of the cult of Isis and the  spread of the worship of Serapis, a syncretic deity combining elements of Greek  and Egyptian religion. It was also a time of artistic innovation, with new  styles of sculpture and architecture emerging, such as the monumental statues  of the pharaohs and the temple complexes at Edfu and Philae.

In this section, we will explore the key  events and developments of Egypt's Late Period, including the struggles for  power among local rulers, the impact of foreign domination, and the cultural  and artistic achievements of the time. We will examine the role of important  figures such as Psamtik I and II, Cambyses II, Alexander the Great, and Cleopatra,  as well as the social and economic conditions that characterized the period.

Left; Pillar Hall at Buto Temple, Right; Engraved ivory found at the site.  Source: Ministry of Tourism & Antiquities

Pillars from 7th-Century BC Temple Discovered Under the ‘Mound of the Pharaohs’

A temple room including the remains of three standing pillars and many curious artifacts that date back to the seventh century BC have been uncovered from under a mound at the Tel al-Faraeen...
Cleopatra. Source: Lumixera / Adobe Stock

Not Just a Pretty Face: Cleopatra Was a Genius Who Spoke 9 Languages

Cleopatra VII (69 – 30 BC) was Queen of the Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt and its last active ruler. Most famous for her love affairs with Mark Antony and Julius Caesar, Roman propaganda was quick to...
Meeting Between Cambyses II and Psammetichus III by Adrien Guignet (Public Domain)

The Assyrian, Persian And Greek Conquest Of Ancient Egypt

During the eighth century BC, ancient Egypt was experiencing turbulent times. The country was split with a pharaoh ruling in Lower Egypt, but powerful priests of Amun were ruling Middle and Upper...
Lion hunt. Mosaic from Pella (ancient Macedonia), late 4th century BC, depicting Alexander the Great and Craterus. Housed in the Pella Museum. Image: Public Domain

Alexander the Great: God of Youth and Ambition?

Alexander III of Macedon, better known as Alexander the Great (356-323 BC), was a Macedonian king who ruled over an expansive empire that reached from Greece to the Gandharan regions of Pakistan...
Deriv; Relief of Darius in Persepolis and roaring lion frieze found in the Apadana (Darius the Great's palace) in Susa.

Did Darius Hijack the Persian Throne? Ancient Coup and the Rise of Darius the Great – Part I

Cambyses II began his rule around 530 BCE, maybe 529 BCE, and his reign ended in 522 BCE. Not much is known about Cambyses since he left no inscriptions of his own. Only Herodotus and the Egyptians...
Meeting Between Cambyses II and Psammetichus III, as imaginatively recreated by the French painter Adrien Guignet

The Battle of Pelusium: Psychological warfare leads Persians to victory

The Battle of Pelusium is an historically important battle that took place in the 6th century BC, in which the Egyptians were decisively defeated by the Persians, and the Persians became the new...