Tom Hickathrift - the Crusader who became Jack the Giant Killer
Many of you will be familiar with the legend or fairy-tale of Jack the Giant Killer and, in England, the popular Christmas pantomime Jack and the Beanstalk . But, Jack is a relatively recent invention, first recorded in pamphlets and chapbooks in the early 18th Century, whereas a century previously, in the early 1600s, the giant-slaying hero was a certain Tom Hickathrift. (Most of the chapbook illustrations show Tom in contemporary 17th century clothing.)
Jack kills the giant, Cormoran. ( Public Domain )
Legendary Lazy Boy
“Before the days of William the Conqueror” (in other words pre-AD 1066, which is a convenient way for storytellers to say it was a long, long time ago, before there were any records to dispute the accuracy of the tale) Tom lived near the town of Wisbech, in the East of England, in the Lincolnshire-Norfolk Fens. Like the later Jack, Tom was a lazy boy living with his widowed mother who struggled to provide enough food for the both of them. In the case of Tom, the problem was exacerbated by the fact he was a big lad – some versions of the story say by the time he was ten years old, he was already seven or eight feet tall – with an even bigger appetite “eating enough for five grown men”.
Village sign for Tilneyall Saints (Photo © Charles Christian)
From an early age, he was also very strong. One story has him helping a local farmer stack logs in a barn and by way of payment Tom asks for “some sticks” for his mother’s fire. Being lazy, rather than spend time bundling up firewood, he picks up an entire oak tree and takes that home. In another story, his mother asks him to beg some straw for their livestock from another farmer. “Take as much as you can carry,” says the farmer, so Tom unravels a long piece of rope and uses it to tie up a bundle of straw weighing “twenty hundred-weight” (one ton), slings it over his back and carries that home too.
Tom and Firewood (Public Domain)
Eventually Tom Hickadrift gets a job working for a local brewer delivering beer from King’s Lynn to Wisbech. The route takes him around the edge of the Smeeth (a large area of common land belonging to “the Seven Towns of the Marshland,” namely what are now the villages of Walpole St Peter, Walsoken, West Walton, Terrington, Clenchwarton, Emneth, and Tilney All Saints). But, why around the edge?
In those days, the Smeeth was to be avoided and people made the long detour because it was home to a giant ogre who attacked, robbed, killed and ate any travelers he caught. But, as already mentioned, Tom is lazy, and one hot summer’s day, he decides to cut straight across the Smeeth to shorten his journey time.
A few hundred yards into the Smeeth, Tom sees a tree on which are impaled the heads and skulls of unlucky travelers the ogre had caught in the past. Undeterred, Tom continues his journey until the ogre leaps out of the undergrowth and yells “Do you not see how many heads hang upon yonder tree that have offended my law? But thy head shall hang higher than all the rest for an example!”
Tom replies, non-too subtly “A turd in your teeth for your news, for you shall not find me like one of them!”
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Top Image: Features The Return of the Crusader by Karl Friedrich Lessing ( Public Domain ), and an illustration from Jack the Giant Killer ( Public Domain )
“During the 6th century, before a castle was built, the island St. Michael's Mound sits upon was once home to an 18-foot giant named Cormoran, who lived in a cave with his ill-gotten treasures from terrorizing local towns and villages. That is, until a young farmer's son named Jack took on this gigantic menace, who had an appetite for cattle and children, and killed him by trapping him in a concealed pit, bringing down his ax upon his head. When he returned home, the elders in the village gave him a hero's welcome, and henceforth, called him "Jack the Giant Killer".”
The version I heard was Jack travelled to the island when the giant was asleep but Jack couldn’t climb the cliff, when an eel raised itself out of the water, which Jack climbed onto and proceeded to kill the giant.
Few other stories about giants getting killed in the area too.
In Anglia et Cornubia.