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Mangareva - Binary System

Remote Islanders Invented Binary Number System Before Famed Mathematician

Mangareva is home to just 2,000 inhabitants. The island is a tiny 18 square kilometres (6.94 sq mi) and is located halfway between Easter Island and Tahiti. Yet on this small, remote island, the...
Illustration from ‘Margarita philosophica’, 1503, by Gregor Reisch (d. 1525). (Deriv.)

When Did Humans First Learn to Count?

Peter Schumer / The Conversation The history of math is murky, predating any written records. When did humans first grasp the basic concept of a number? What about size and magnitude, or form and...
The interior of Duke Humphrey's Library, the oldest reading room of the Bodleian Library in the University of Oxford.

Year Zero: Ancient Indian Text Includes Oldest Recorded Zero Symbol

Scientists claim to have traced the earliest example of one of the most significant conceptual breakthroughs in arithmetic to an ancient Indian text, known as the Bakhshali manuscript. The specific...
Incas counting gold - Ancient Mathematical Device

Quipu: The ancient mathematical device of the Inca

A team of archaeologists recently discovered twenty-five well preserved quipus, an ancient form of record-keeping used by the Inca, in the archaeological complex of Incahuasi in Peru, according to a...