Puma Punku

Puma Punku


Puma Punku (or Puma Pumku), a mysterious site located in Bolivia, has astounded archaeologists. It is part of a larger archaeological complex known as Tiahuanacu, and is considered to be one of the most important sites of Andean history.

An Austrian explorer named Arthur Posnansky performed a study on Puma Punku back in 1926. According to him and his supporters, Puma Punku is considered to be one of the oldest archaeological sites on the face of Earth, dating back to 13,000 BCE. Another group of archaeologists used the (unreliable) carbon dating method to date the site to about 400 AD.

The most intriguing thing about Puma Punku is the stonework. The red sandstone and andesite stones were cut in such a precise way that it’s as if they were cut using a diamond tool, and they can fit perfectly into and lock with each other. Another phenomenon of engineering is that each stone weighs up to 800 tons.  Interviews with modern day stone masons have revealed that even with today’s advanced technology, it would be almost impossible to replicate the precision observed in the stones found at Puma Punka.

According to the local myths, Puma Punku is related to the Gods and the time of the first creation. The legend states that the first inhabitants had supernatural powers and were able to move stones from the ground and carry them through the air using sounds. The Inca tribes accept those legends and deny that their ancestors built it.

It is true that these stones could have been manufactured with either stone or metallic tools, since Andean cultures were skilled with metals. Ropes and wood could have been used to transfer the blocks and put them in place.  Adding to the fact that stones from Puma Punku were later used for churches and houses in nearby cities, the logical assumption that it was built by pre-Andean civilizations becomes stronger.

We still do not have a definite answer as to who the creators of Puma Punku are; however, archaeologists have recently used radar to discover what seems to be an underground chamber. Head archaeologist Domingo Mendoza stated that his team believes the chamber may be a tomb about 10 feet underground.

No excavations have yet been done, but it may answer the question of the site’s origin.

You can read an interesting pre-1900 description of the area here.

Puma Punku is an intriguing place and deserves a visit.

By April Holloway

Related Links

Ancient Mysteries - Puma Punku in Tiahuanaco

Port Of Puma Punku

Puma Punku

Mystic Places: Tiahuanaco

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angieblackmon's picture

i have thought this is one of the coolest places ever, since i saw it on Ancient Aliens. And yes, I love that show. :)

love, light and blessings


Laser precision.....Another thought provoking site. Let's not jump to aliens, people were not as stupid in our past as we think they were, they could have had mroe advanced technology that is buried or wiped away or just so different that we can not recognize it. There have been so many disasters, famines, plaques, and the like over the years that all civilizations eventually fall and get buried throughout time, left to be rediscovered on eday and pondered over. WIll people 10,000 years from now dig up America and know what are technology is or what it was used for, or will they look at us and say,,,oh they had help from Aliens.

Totally agree! The arrogance of the contemporary is astounding.

According to some research, the human species has been around for up to 200,000 years, and has been pretty smart from the start. Why would it take them so damn long to come up with the transition from hunter/gatherers to agriculture/civilization only about 7000 years ago? Even accounting for the population growth/spread necessary to facilitate the transition, this seems like a LONG time before humans became “civilized”. I’m no scientist, but it seems as if humans should have ‘figured it out’ a really long time ago.
Mounting evidence from around the Earth indicates that humans made the leap to real civilization MUCH further back in antiquity than we originally thought and may have established a sea-faring, organized-trade civilization that had outposts over much of the world – all this about 10,000 to 15,000 years ago. The abrupt end to the last ice age about 10,000 years ago raised sea levels rapidly enough to throw down that civilization, causing a return to primitive ways. It then took thousands of years for humanity to recover. Civilizations like the Assyrians, ancient Egyptians, the Maya, the Indus Valley peoples, and many others the world over were, if true, the second wave of civilizations, not the first. Many of them had similar myths and architectural styles that hint strongly at having common roots, something which has long puzzled archeologists.
There are reasons we didn't find evidence of the earlier lost civilization until recently. First, most of it was likely concentrated around coastal port cities that were inundated by 'the flood' and forgotten. The second is simpler: we just weren't looking for them. Now that we have the technology to find their remains beneath the seas of the world, we're finding more and more. We just had to set aside centuries of archeological dogma ("humans became civilized 7000 years ago") and start looking! Places like Nan Madol, Gobekli Tepe, the Hawara plain, Puma Punku and others on every continent have been shown to date at over 10,000 years old. These sites continue to be studied and more are being discovered.
It is known by archeological evidence that civilizations rise and fall for many reasons. There is justification for the theory that a world-spanning civilization, with complex architecture and trade, could have existed 10,000 to 15,000 years ago and was subsequently devastated when the last ice age ended. This theory was first widely expounded by Graham Hancock, and he continues to be its champion:

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