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Third Intermediate Period

This period spans from approximately 1070  BC to 712 BC, and it was marked by political instability and foreign  domination. Despite these challenges, the Third Intermediate Period also saw  significant developments in religion, art, and culture.

The Third Intermediate Period began with  the end of the New Kingdom, as Egypt's power and influence waned. The pharaohs  who ruled during this time struggled to maintain control over their  territories, and Egypt became increasingly fragmented as local rulers gained  more autonomy.

Foreign powers also played a significant  role during the Third Intermediate Period. The Libyan kings of the 22nd Dynasty  established their capital in the Delta region and ruled over northern Egypt,  while the Nubians of the 25th Dynasty conquered Egypt and established a new  dynasty based in the city of Napata.

Despite these challenges, the Third  Intermediate Period was not without its achievements. The period saw important  developments in religion, including the emergence of the cult of Osiris and the  worship of other deities such as Amun, the god of the wind. It was also a time  of artistic innovation, with new forms of art and architecture emerging, such  as the style of decoration known as "Ramesseum" and the temple  complex at Karnak.

In this section, we will explore the key  events and developments of Egypt's Third Intermediate Period, including the  political struggles, foreign domination, and cultural achievements of the time.  We will examine the role of important rulers such as Shoshenq I and Piye, as  well as the social and economic conditions that characterized the period.

Meeting Between Cambyses II and Psammetichus III by Adrien Guignet (Public Domain)

The Assyrian, Persian And Greek Conquest Of Ancient Egypt

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Study of Ushabti Copper Origins Enlightens Egypt’s Dark Age

While many archaeologists focus on the symbolic meaning of recovered temple treasures and grave goods, others concentrate on their origin stories. In this case a team of scientists have used high...
The Mummy of Nedjmet, Cairo, Egypt

The Discovery of Nedjmet and the Secret Cache of Mummies

The mummy of Nedjmet (or Nodjmet) was one of the mummies found in the Deir el-Bahri mummy cache, which was discovered during the 19 th century. In the 1880s, the location of a hidden tomb was...
The Shabaka Stone: Ancient Relic tells of God Ptah and his Creation of the Universe

The Shabaka Stone: Ancient Relic tells of God Ptah and his Creation of the Universe

The 26th Dynasty of Egypt was the last dynasty of the Third Intermediate Period, and was known also as the Nubian Dynasty or the Kushite Empire. The pharaohs of this dynasty hailed from Egypt’s...
Tiny pharaoh-branded amulet - Sheshonq I

Tiny pharaoh-branded amulet may prove fabled military campaign of Sheshonq I

An archaeological student has discovered a tiny Egyptian scarab in an ancient copper mine in southern Jordan, which carries the name of Sheshonq I, powerful pharaoh of Egypt’s 22 nd Dynasty,...