The Splendours of Ancient Anatolia and Turkey - Oct 2022

Join Ancient Origins' exclusive tour of Turkey’s sacred past in October 2022, visiting some of the country’s most important ancient sites including:
Göbekli Tepe, Karahan Tepe, Çatalhöyük, Mount Nemrut, the Hittite centers of Hattusa and Alaca Höyük, Istanbul’s Blue Mosque, Ankara's archaeological museum, Şanlıurfa’s Pool of Abraham, the wondrous fairy chimney landscape of Cappadocia, including the underground city of Kaymakli, and many more sites besides.
Join us for an unforgettable experience, exploring the archaeology and history of ancient eastern Anatolia.



Explore the mysteries of Turkey and Anatolia on an exclusive 12-day, 11-night tour in Oct 2022 hosted by Ancient Origins' Dr Micki Pistorius and special guest Ralph Ellis, the author of twelve books with a lifetime’s experience of spirituality, ancient religion, and lost civilizations.

Ralph Ellis began his career as a software engineer, but moved into the equally technical spheres of mineral surveying, aviation, engineer, and palaeoclimatology, but always maintained and built upon the archaeological interests and research of his father. As a historian, Ralph has toured the Mediterranean for more than three decades searching for secular similarities and parallels between the apparently disparate disciplines of history and theology. And the research has been very fruitful with many new fundamental discoveries being made, mostly in Egypt. This painstaking and complex historical crossword puzzle has taken more than two decades to put together, but at last the historical identities of Torah and Gospel events can emerge from their millennial shadows.

Dr Micki Pistorius’ journalist career commenced in printed and television media. She obtained a DPhil Psychology, profiled hardened criminals, and authored several books on the subject. She completed BA Hons in Biblical Archaeology and has affinity for the Bronze Age. She trailed Odysseus from Mycenae on mainland Greece to Troy in Turkey, followed the footsteps of Alexander the Great to Taxila in Pakistan, and traced her Tancred crusader ancestral lineage to Hauteville in France. She lives and writes on a tropical island.

Places visited: Istanbul • Mount Nemrut • Adiyaman • Göbekli Tepe • Urfa • Harran • Karahan Tepe • Gordion • Ankara • Hattusa • Cappadocia • Konya • Çatalhöyük

Your on-site tour qualified guides, as well as Ralph Ellis and Dr Micki Pistorius will provide interesting theories and latest background history to the archaeological sites to be visited.

Register your details to hold your place on this exclusive tour. To secure your place a deposit payment of US$500 per person is required within 48 hours of completing the form. Payment details are noted at the end of the form.

ANCIENT ORIGINS TOUR OF TURKEY    October 6 - 17, 2022



Pick up point for the start of tour is the arrival lounge of Istanbul’s International Airport. On arrival, all clients will be given transfers to the hotel in Istanbul regardless of arrival time or date. At the end of the tour all clients will be brought to Istanbul International Airport on the same shared transfer.

Day 1 - Thursday, Oct 6, 2022

Arrive directly in Istanbul. Pick up at the airport and shared transfer to the hotel. In the evening orientation by tour leaders.

Overnight in Momento Golden Horn Hotel, Istanbul
Day 2 - Friday, October 7, 2022

After breakfast the group will depart for the Hippodrome, where the group will split into two: some can visit the Hagia Sophia and Blue Mosque, and others can visit the Basilica Cistern and the Archaeological Museum complex, including the Oriental Museum. Lunch will be at a local restaurant.

After lunch visit Topkapi Palace including the Harem. Early evening you will depart for the Grand Bazaar, a fascinating place to see traders and do some shopping. Return to the hotel for dinner.

Situated on the Bosphorus, Istanbul is one of the world's truly great cities, spanning two continents - overflowing with culture and historical sites. World class attractions such as the exquisite Hagia Sophia and the Blue Mosque, excellent bars and restaurants, ancient architecture, vibrant souks markets and a history of epic proportions makes Istanbul a worthy of its reputation.

Meals: B L D
Overnight in Momento Golden Horn Hotel, Istanbul
Day 3 - Saturday, October 8, 2022
Mount Nemrut

After breakfast in Istanbul, transfer to the airport to catch your flight to Adiyaman (11:05-12:40). Proceed to visit Karakus Timulus, Cendere Bridge and Arsemia. Finally you will visit Nemrut Dagi (Mount Nemrut). At the apex of this mountain (at over 2,000 meters) are the enigmatic statues of a pre-Roman king, Antiochus I Theos of Commagene, and the various gods he believed to be his ancestors. The views from the summit are sublime. (NOTE it is a 20-30 minute walk up steps to reach the summit). You will then descend and drive to your hotel in Adiyaman.

Note: a light lunch will be served on the flight

Cendere Bridge is one of the world's oldest bridges still in use, constructed during the empire of Septimus Severus (193-211). Composed of 92 stones, each weighing around 10 tons, it is thought to be the second largest Roman bridge still in existence, spanning an impressive 122 metres. The bridge today appears as a simple, unadorned arch, but was originally decorated by four Corinthian columns dedicated to Septimus Severus and his wife.

Arsemia was the summer capital of the Commagene Kingdom and burial place of Mithridates. It is home to the largest rock inscription found in Anatolia, which describes the political and religious beliefs of the inhabitants.

King Antiochus I Theos of Commagene claimed himself a god, but there is no denying that his royal lineage was impressive. He was the creator of Mount Nemrut and the monumental pantheon of statues of himself and the gods on the mountain summit provide ring-side seats to history unfolding on the staged landscape before them. Gazing towards the east over centuries, the headstone of Antiochus would have seen the rise and fall of the Achaemenid Dynasty, as well as the Parthians; and gazing towards the west he would have seen the advance of Alexander the Great, the rivalry between the Seleucid and Orontid Dynasties for control of Armenia and finally the Roman legions marching into his land, swallowing his little Kingdom of Commagene. Behind the display of statues are some well-preserved slabs of stone which feature figures in relief carving and are originally thought to have formed a large frieze. Archaeologists interpret the figures as Antiochus' ancestors, which included Greeks and Persians. It is the perfect place to experience a sunset or sunrise as the views from the summit are sublime.

NOTE: it is a 20-30 minute walk up uneven steps to reach the summit.

Meals: B D
Overnight in Dedeman Park, Adiyaman
Day 4 - Sunday, October 9, 2022
Göbekli Tepe

Today we drive to Urfa, which is the starting point to visit Gōbekli Tepe and the Urfa Archaeological Museum. We will spend a couple of hours exploring Gōbekli Tepe, the world's oldest stone temple complex, constructed nearly 12,000 years ago, making it the oldest megalithic site on the planet. See its extraordinary circles of T-shaped standing stones with carved reliefs of birds, animals and other abstract forms. Learn its history and place in the origins of civilisation. Afterwards we will go to the museum to see artifacts excavated from Gōbekli Tepe. Dinner will be at the hotel.

Göbekli Tepe, the oldest place of worship in the world, is an archaeological site without equal. Prior to its discovery in 1994 and its subsequent excavation it was widely believed by anthropologists that religion evolved as a result of living in larger communities which was itself the result of the change from foraging to agriculture. However, Göbekli Tepe has turned our theories of our own evolution on their head. The vast religious site dates from the hunter gatherer period and there is no evidence of any agriculture or even human habitation, suggesting that it may have been the emergence of religion that lead us to civilisation and thus to agriculture. The site contains a vast array of circular structures and huge pillars, some with beautiful limestone carvings of lions, foxes, snakes and birds, believed to be gatekeepers of the entrance to the next world. To date, less than ten percent of the site has been excavated.

The Urfa Museum contains many of the archaeological finds from Göbekli Tepe including steles and sculptures. It also contains Hittite sculptures from Golpinar and pieces from Harran, Nevali Cori and Kabahaydar.

Meals: B L D
Overnight in Hilton Garden Inn, Urfa
Day 5 - Monday, October 10, 2022

In the morning we will visit Harran and Karahan Tepe. In the afternoon you will visit the Pools of Abraham in Urfa and have the rest of the day free to explore Urfa's charming centre. Dinner at the hotel.

Urfa (a.k.a. Sanliurfa, "the prophet's city", or Edessa in ancient times) is the most spiritual city in Eastern Turkey. It is a major centre for pilgrimage and its traditions are very much alive and well. The "Sanli-" part of its name (meaning "great" or "dignified") was awarded by the Turkish legislature in 1984 in recognition of the city's pivotal role in the Turkish war of Independence. Of particular note for visitors are Urfa Castle (the current walls were constructed by the Abbasids in 814AD), the Pool of Sacred Fish where Abraham was thrown in to the fire by Nimrod, the park of mosques, the market area and the Urfa museum.

Visit the near by ancient city of Harran, once the centre of Egypt's Hermetic tradition. See its "Astrological Tower", citadel and local village and take in one of the most atmospheric sites anywhere in the world. Mentioned in the Book of Genesis, Harran is believed to have once been home to the Prophet Abraham. The site of the first Islamic university in Anatolia, Harran also boasts the remains of an 8th century mosque, a citadel and some 300 year- old beehive mud homes which enjoy a constant temperature throughout the year, winter or summer.

Not far from Göbekli Tepe is another Pre-Pottery Neolithic site called Karahan Tepe, which dates to a similar age as Göbekli Tepe. Stone rows, T-shaped stone pillars, and other standing stones cover a hill but they have not been excavated.

Meals: B L D
Overnight in Hilton Garden Inn, Urfa
Day 6: Tuesday, October 11, 2022
Ankara Anatolian Civilisation Museum

Take the morning flight to the capital Ankara. On arrival we will drive (approx 2.5 hours) to Gordion, followed by the Anatolian Civilisation Museum of Ankara and then Ankara Fort. In the museum you can expect to see artefacts and reconstructions from various Neolithic sites such as Catalhoyuk. Return to hotel in Ankara.

The Ankara Anatolian Civilisation Museum boasts many archaeological finds related to the excavations in Hattusa and Çatalhöyük, and will help you to gain a good understanding of these areas. The historical centre of Ankara sits overlooking the town on a hill and is littered with the remains of Hittite, Phrygian, Byzantine, Roman and Christian monuments and settlements. Of particular interest as a surviving example of ancient architecture is the Temple of Augustus. Often also referred to as 'Angora', Ankara is home to the Angora goat with its luxury wool and the unusual animal breeds of angora cats and rabbits.

Occupied since the Bronze Age, 4000 years ago, Gordion is one of the most important archaeological sites in the near east. The city enjoyed its golden age in the first millennium when it was the royal capital of the Iron Age Kingdom known as 'Phrygia' to the Greeks and 'Mushki' to the neighbouring Assyrian Empire. It is most famous for the story of the "Gordion Knot", where Alexander The Great solved the insoluble by slicing this particular knotty problem with his sword rather than unravel it - thus allowing him to conquer Asia.

Meals: B L D
Overnight in Hotel Tunali, Ankara
Day 7: Wednesday, October 12, 2022

After an early breakfast we will set off from Ankara to the Hittite capital of Hattusa (approx 3 hours drive). Spend 2-3 hours exploring the site and after lunch proceed by road to Cappadocia (3 hours). Dinner on arrival at hotel in Gōreme.

Note: this day will involve quite a lot of driving.

Hattusa was once the centre of the Hittite Empire, dating back to the late Bronze Age. Set in what were once rich agricultural fields and among scenic, rolling hills, the city has some fine examples of early ancient architecture. Originally the inner city was a vast array of temples and monuments, overlooked by the royal residence on the acropolis. An architectural masterpiece in its time, the city gateway was once adorned with reliefs of warriors, lions and sphinxes, framing four temples, each of which had their own courtyard. The city was destroyed, along with the Hittites themselves, in the 12th century BC. By the 20th century, the principal remains of Hittite inscriptions were found on over 10,000 tablets.

The archaeological site of Hattusa, former capital of the Hittite Empire, is notable for its urban organization, the types of construction that have been preserved (temples, royal residences, fortifications), the rich ornamentation of the Lions' Gate and the Royal Gate, and the ensemble of rock art reliefs of the gods at Yazilikaya. The city enjoyed considerable influence in Anatolia and northern Syria in the 2nd millennium B.C.

Meals: B L D
Overnight in The MDC Cave Hotel, Cappadocia
Day 8 - Thursday, October 13, 2022

After breakfast spend the day exploring some of Cappadocia's famous sights and dramatic landscapes. Sites will include: Gōreme Open Air Museum, Devrent Valley, Pasabag and Monk's Valley. Time and energy-permitting, other sights can also be visited.

The Gōreme Open-Air Museum has been a UNESCO World Heritage site since 1984 and is a vast complex of monasteries, each of which has its own church. These churches are the finest of the rock-cut churches, boasting beautiful frescoes (wall paintings).

Devrent Valley is home to the famous Fairy Chimneys landscape near Gōreme and is known as the imaginary valley or animal valley due to the animal shapes of the rocks. The volcanic rock of this area has allowed erosion to form these rock structures as well as other landforms such as caves, clefts and folds in the rock, making this breathtaking landscape unique. A thick layer of tuff (consolidated volcanic ash) is covered by a thinner layer of basalt which is more resistant to erosion than the underlying rock. Cracks in the basalt enable erosion of the underlying rock. These fairy chimneys were formed where the resistant rock remains protecting the underlying rock directly beneath it from erosion. The mineral-rich volcanic soil is excellent for growing fruit and vegetables, making Cappadocia a rich agricultural region. It has always been one of Anatolia's prime grape-growing areas and still boasts many productive vineyards and wineries.

Meals: B L D
Overnight in The MDC Cave Hotel, Cappadocia
Day 9 – Friday, October 14, 2022
Red Valley

Spend the day visiting more of the fascinating sights around Cappadocia, including a gentle hike in the Red Valley passing through the village of Cavusin famous for its rock-cut churches. After lunch visit the impressive underground city of Kaymakli and then Pigeon Valley and Ortahisar chimney castle.

The Red Valley and Güllüdere Vadisi (Rose Valley) are two spectacular valleys in the Cappadocia region, each with varying types of rock formations and colour. The red valley shelters a series of intriguing rock-cut cave churches, with beautiful frescoes and paintings. Nearby is the Pigeon valley, named after the pigeon-cotes carved on its walls. The village of Old Cavusin was abandoned several decades ago due to avalanches. The current village of Cavusin is located on the road and is the typical authentic village. Old Cavusin, with its rock cut dwellings and stone houses is home to the oldest church in Cappadocia. Ortahisar is another Cappadocian village dominated by a fortress-like rock rising above winding roads.

There are 36 underground cities in Cappadocia and the largest one is Kaymakli Underground City. These troglodyte cave-cities were excavated as early as Hittite times, and expanded over the centuries as various pillaging armies crossed Central Anatolia in search of captives and plunder. The Kaymakli Underground City has low, narrow and sloping passages and consists of eight floors below ground, although only four of them are open to the public today. The number of the storage rooms in such a small area supports the idea that a great number of people resided here, archaeologists estimate figures of up to 3,500 people. As well as chapels, stables and storage, an efficient man-made system of air shafts provided ventilation even at the deepest levels of the underground cities, meaning people could survive there for lengths of time when necessary. The people of Kaymakli village have constructed their houses above nearly 100 tunnels of the underground city. The inhabitants of the region still use the most convenient places in the tunnels as cellars, storage areas and stables, which they access through their courtyards.

Amongst beautiful scenery, the Valley of Pigeons showcases some of the most interesting rock formations that Cappadocia has to offer. The soft rock of the valley allowed for farmers to carve numerous dovecotes into the rock cliffs, encouraging pigeons to nest and giving the area its name.

Meals: B L D
Overnight in The MDC Cave Hotel, Cappadocia
Day 10 - Saturday, October 15, 2022

Drive towards Konya. On the way, we stop at Ashikli Hoyuk for a brief visit to this site, which is 10,000 years old. Stop for lunch. Visit Çatalhöyük, the world's oldest city, then return to Konya for a tour around its archaeological museum, with its spectacular Çatalhöyük exhibition. In the evening take in a Whirling Dervish show.

Konya is an affluent, mid-sized city in Central Turkey. It is the centre of all things Sufi and also strongly linked to Seljuk culture.

Çatalhöyük, widely believed to be the world's first town, is one of the best preserved examples of a Neolithic and Chalcolithic settlement. Built around two hills of the Anatolian plateau, the settlement was inhabited for 2,000 years between 7500 BC and 5700 BC. Çatalhöyük began life as a village and, unusually, in a time when village settlements were abandoned and new land used to build cities, the buildings were adapted and urbanised to accommodate a growing population. With a particularly advanced culture for its time, Çatalhöyük boasts impressive early artworks: unusual artistic wall paintings, flint daggers with decorated bone handles and most notably, the clay and marble figurines found scattered around the site which archaeologists take as evidence of a female deity. The housing designs are perhaps the most striking – all the houses were clustered together in a maze-like manner, but instead of streets or footpaths the roofs functioned as paths between the houses which were accessed through steps and ladders leading through the ceiling. With no windows either, these 'doorways' in the ceiling were also the only means of ventilation. Çatalhöyük also had unusual burial customs, burying their dead under the floorboards, painting skulls with ochre.

Meals: B L D
Overnight in Hilton Garden Inn, Konya
Day 11 - Sunday, October 16, 2022

Take the morning flight back to Istanbul. End your trip with a delightful sunset cruise on the famous Bosphorus river, and enjoy a farewell dinner with your group and tour leaders.

Joining the Black Sea with the smaller south-western Sea of Marmara, the 20 mile-long Bosphorus has always been a site of great strategic and commercial importance. The desirable traits of providing access to Asia and being particularly narrow has meant that The Bosphorus has a long history of conflict that dates back to the 5th century BC with the Persians. The Bosphorus' shoreline is densely populated and possesses a number of architectural features that demonstrate its rich historical past.

Meals: B L D
Overnight in Momento Golden Horn Hotel, Istanbul
Day 12 – Monday, October 17, 2022

Depart from hotel to airport to catch flight back home or elsewhere.

** If you would like to extend your stay in Turkey or any of the neighbouring countries contact us for options. **

Meals: B
Photos © Andrew Collins

ANCIENT ORIGINS TOUR OF TURKEY    October 6 - 17, 2022

Price per person based on double occupancy: $4595
Please note prices are based on a single person sharing a room with another tour guest
Single occupancy supplement: $695
Please note prices are based on a single person sharing a room with another tour guest

Register your details to hold your place on this exclusive tour. To secure your place a deposit payment of US$500 per person is required within 48 hours of completing the form. Payment details are noted at the end of the form.


A deposit of $500 per person is required to secure immediate booking. The remainder of
the payment will be required ten weeks before the start date of the tour.

Any problems or queries contact  us here


  • Airport transfers from Istanbul airport, and from and to domestic airports
  • Flights from Istanbul to Ankara and return flight from Adiyaman to Istanbul airport
  • All transportation to and from sites
  • All entrance fees to museums and sites on tour schedule
  • All hotel accommodation
  • All breakfasts and at least one other meal per day, either lunch or dinner
  • Full-time guiding by a qualified Turkish tour guide


  • International flights (can be arranged on request)
  • Drinks in restaurants
  • Meals or services not mentioned
  • Tips
  • Items of a personal nature
  • Private airport transfers


Istanbul : Momento Golden Horn Hotel (Hotel) - 3 nights
With an excellent location in Istanbul's historic old town, the Momento Golden Horn Istanbul is the perfect base from which to explore the city. The hotel has 35 modern and stylishly decorated rooms, which all come equipped with a kettle and TV.
Phone: +90 212 653 50 50
Address: Arap Cami Mah. Tersane Cad. No: 24 Karakoy, Istanbul, Turkey

Adiyaman : Dedeman Park (Hotel) - 1 night
Phone: +90 416 2191000
Address: Siteler Mah. 20155 sok. No 1 Merkez Adıyaman Turkey

Urfa : Hilton Garden Inn (Hotel) - 2 nights
Located in an area known as the "Fertile Crescent" where a great deal of traditional architecture has been preserved, the Hilton Garden Inn is within walking distance of the city center and Urfa's main historical sites. Comfortable en suite rooms feature AC, satellite TV, tea/coffee making facilities and a minibar.
Phone: +90 41 4318 5000
Address: 11 Nisan Fuar Cd, 63100 Sanliurfa

Ankara : Radisson blu hotel (Hotel) - 1 night
Located within the business district of Ankara, Radisson blu hotel is within walking distance of many of Ankara's main attractions. All rooms feature a minibar, air conditioning, plasma TV, safety deposit box and Wi-Fi access. The hotel also has an on-site restaurant.
Phone: +90 312 3104848
Address: Istiklal Cad. No: 20 Ulus, Ankara, 6030

Cappadocia : The MDC Cave Hotel (Hotel) - 3 nights
MDC HOTEL is located in Ürgüp, Cappadocia, a UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE SITE. The name Cappadocia comes from Katpatuka, an ancient Persian word meaning "land of horses." The region is now largely agricultural and the spectacular landscape is dotted with distinct rock structures. The MDC HOTEL grounds cover 15,000 m2, ideally located between an old river valley and ancient Ürgüp. Room Facilities: Jacuzzi/Whirlpool, telephone, radio, LCD TV, tea/coffee maker, minibar and a safety deposit box.
Phone: +90 384 341 44 15
Address: Karangandere Mah. Karagandere Sk. No:20 50400 Urgup /Nevsehir Cappadocia

Konya : Hilton Garden Inn (Hotel) - 1 night
Hilton Garden Inn in Konya is located close to Mevlana Tomb and Museum, Alaeddin Mosque, and Ince Minaret Medrese. All rooms offer complimentary WiFi, an adjustable Garden Sleep System bed™, minibar and a spacious work desk with ergonomic chair. Dining options include a restaurant, a coffee shop/café, and a bar/lounge. Additional amenities include a fitness facility, room service (during limited hours) and complimentary wireless internet.
Phone: +90 3322216000
Address: Kışlaönü Sk, Konya

Final choice of accommodation is subject to change. We will choose hotels of a similar standard where hotel shown is not used.