The ‘Dynastic Race’ and the Biblical ‘Japheth’ Part II: Ethnology and Influence
In Part I, the author pieced together the possible genealogy to be found in Mesopotamia and Egypt, taking as his starting point the Biblical account of human developments in the region after the deluge, which, of course, begins with Noah and his family. Part I concluded with the assertion that a New Race referred to as a ‘Dynastic Race’ was evident in the region. What further clues to the ethnology of this race can be found?
Beaker Folk Links
Since the physical character of the New Race detected among the early Mesopotamians and Egyptians is not typically Hamitic but rather Japhetic, we may reasonably inquire whether these newcomers might not be related to the Beaker folk who were widely dispersed in Europe as well as in North Africa in the late chalcolithic era (corresponding to Danube III, ca.2900-1800 BC).
The “Beaker” folk are brachycephalic and interred in a contracted position in graves aligned in a north-south axis rather than the east-west axis followed by the roughly contemporaneous Corded Ware folk. They seem to have been effective traders as well as warriors, the graves of the latter being especially richly supplied with funerary goods. Cremations too were performed by this community but these may have been reserved for the upper classes or castes. Cremations in Moravia are seen to be especially furnished with beakers.
Brachycephalic heads are wide and flat, represented here by skull C (Encyclopædia Britannica, Public Domain )
Though it is uncertain where this type originated, some claiming Andalusia as the original habitat and others Germany, the Beaker folk may perhaps be identified with the Alpine or Armenoid branch of the Japhetites, or ‘Indo-Europeans’. The Alpine type is said to have the same round skull as the Beaker folk except that it has a rounded occipital bone whereas the Beaker type has a flattened occipital bone. J.P. Mallory has recently suggested that the Beaker Folk may be classified as a ‘North-west Indo-European’ group ancestral to the Celts, Germans, Slavs and Italics. However, it is not likely that they were a ‘north-western’ people since the northern Āryans are dolicocepalic rather than brachycephalic. Also, even the Corded Ware culture of northern Europe seems to have been borne by mostly dark-eyed, dark-haired people with a skin color that was somewhat darker than that of the average modern European. Childe may thus have been more accurate in believing that they were of “East Mediterranean stock”.
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A Prehistoric earthenware vessel, part of a beaker-culture pottery group dated in the early Bronze Age (Europe 1970 and 1470 BC) ( CC BY-SA 3.0 )
Almagro-Gorbea has suggested that the Beaker folk were proto-Celts. Brachycephaly is indeed attested in some areas associated with the Celts such as Central Europe and France, but it is perhaps representative more of the southern Bretonic branch of the Celts than of the northern. Further, it must be noted that the first flowering of Celtic culture does not appear until the Hallstatt Culture of the 9 th century BC, though this may have derived from the Urnfield Culture of Central Europe (ca.1300-750 BC).
Back to the Bible
If we resort again to the Biblical account in Genesis 10, we note that the generations of Japheth are listed first in the Table of Nations (verse 2), even though Japheth is mentioned only second [in the Jahvist version] or third [in the Priestly version] in verse 1 of Genesis 10. It is possible that the priority given to Shem in the first verse of Genesis 10 is due only to the need to extol the Semitic race among the Hebrews who composed the Bible. If, on the other hand, one followed the Indo-Āryans - who may be identified with the Medes or Madai as eldest sons of Japheth along with Gomer (the Cimmerians or Celts) and Magog (the Magi or Iranians) - in their veneration of the Vedas as the original wisdom of mankind, it will be necessary to regard Japheth as the first son of Noah, and Shem and Ham as younger manifestations of the original Noachidian culture.
Table of Nations according to Genesis 10. ( CC BY-SA 3.0 )
If Japheth is indeed the elder son, it is still puzzling that there is very little archaeological evidence of the cultural development of this branch before the Hurrian, Semitic and Hamitic ones of Ubaid, Elam, Akkad and Sumer. In the Biblical ‘Table of Nations’ we note that the sons of Japheth listed in Genesis 10:2 are located mainly in Anatolia and in the Balkans. The eldest son of Japheth called Gamer (representing the Cimmerians, or Celts) is followed by Magog (the Magi, or Iranians) and Madai (Medes), Javan (Greeks), Tubal (uncertain), Meschech (Cappadocians, according to Josephus) and Tiras (Thracians, according to Josephus).