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Noah's Sacrifice - watercolor circa 1896–1902 by James Tissot

The ‘Dynastic Race’ and the Biblical ‘Japheth’ – Part I: After the Deluge

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The imperfect state of archaeological research in the Near East impedes any definite identification of the original race or races that created the earliest civilizations of Mesopotamia and Egypt. According to Gordon Childe, however, the predominant racial element in the earliest graves in the region from Elam to the Danube is the ‘Mediterranean’. So we may presume that these early cultures were founded by the genius of that broad racial group. The dolichocephalic Mediterranean, or “brown”, race may thus have constituted the earliest strata of the populations of Asia, Egypt and Europe.

Mediterranean dolichocephalic types 1897.

Mediterranean dolichocephalic types 1897. (Public Domain)

Genesis as a Genealogical Resource

Given the difficulty of descrying the racial identities of the peoples related to the early cultures of the Near East, we may attempt to derive a fuller view of their affiliations by resorting to sacred and mythological texts. In this regard, the Biblical ‘Table of Nations’ in Genesis 10-11 is of considerable value. Genesis 10:1 gives Shem, Ham and Japheth as the three ‘sons’ of Noah. Genesis 11:2 also mentions that Shem, Ham and Japheth originally lived together and journeyed ‘from the east’ (presumably Elam) to Shinar, or Sumer (from [Emesal dialect] Shengir=[Sumerian] Kengir). The Semitic, Hamitic and Japhetic peoples mentioned in the Bible are thus all closely related as part of the original Noachidian race.

According to the ‘Table of Nations’, in Genesis 10:22, the earliest Semites were located in Elam, in western Iran, and contributed to the neighboring Assyrian state as well as to the formation of the Aramean and Hebrew races. The Elamite language however is, unlike the Semitic, agglutinative and bears similarities with Hurrian and Dravidian. F. Bork and G.W. Brown, for instance, have revealed the intimate linguistic relationship between Hurrian (along with its Mitanni dialect), Elamite, and Dravidian. In this context we may recall that, according to the Bhāgavata Purāna, VIII,24, the survivor of the “flood”, Manu (the counterpart of Noah) is himself called Satyavrata, King of Drāvida.

able of Nations according to Genesis 10.

Table of Nations according to Genesis 10. (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Ancient Near East Cultures

Regarding the extent of the diffusion of proto-Dravidian culture, we may rely on Lahovary’s pioneering research into the ‘Mediterranean race’, which he identified with the Dravidian, and considered as being the original inhabitants of the ancient Near East “in its largest meaning”, that is, including “Anatolia, Syria, Palestine, Caucasia, Persia, Mesopotamia with its extensions towards India, as well as Arabia and the African regions facing Arabia, i.e. from the Nile valley to the high tablelands of East Africa”.

Although the Hurrians are attested in historical records only from the eastern Semitic Old Akkadian period (ca. 2340-2200 BC) and more particularly in the following Sumerian Ur III period (ca. 2100-2000 BC), the fact that the Hurrians, as Wilhelm has shown, are in all probability identical to the Subarians may advance their presence in Mesopotamia to a much earlier date.

Of the early Ubaid culture of southern Mesopotamia, Eridu - which dates from around 5400 BC - shows marked Elamite affinities. The relics from the Ubaid culture have, interestingly, been described by Landsberger as indicative of a predominantly agricultural society, which later mingled with a more ‘professional’ Sumerian stratum that included scribes, physicians, and judges.

The approximate area of Hurrian settlement in the Middle Bronze Age is shown in purple

The approximate area of Hurrian settlement in the Middle Bronze Age is shown in purple (CC BY-SA 3.0)

The Subarians were traditionally identified as a northern highland people, though they may have moved south to Elam as well. According to Speiser, the original name of Ku’ara (near Eridu) in the early dynasty of Uruk (ca. 2900-2400 BC) – “HA.A” – may also be of Subarian, or proto-Hurrian origin. The very term “subari” or, more precisely, “suwari”, is related to Suvalliyat (Suvariya)/Sūrya, which is also the Hititte/Indic name of the sun-god.

Noah, Family and Ark. D. Morelli

Noah, Family and Ark. D. Morelli (Public Domain)

Hurri then would be the Iranian pronunciation of the same name, as the Iranian name of the sun-god, “Hvare”, suggests. And the entire Hurrian ethnos may have been characterized by sun-worship. It is possible that the proto-Hurrians, or proto-Dravidians, typified the original Noachidian family.

It cannot be forgotten that the Japhetic, or Āryan, branch too was early related to the same Noachidian family. Gordon Childe’s conjecture regarding the ‘Mediterranean’ aspect of the earliest populations of the large region between West Asia and Central Europe seems to be confirmed archaeologically by the fact that the graves of the Āryan culture of Bishkent (ca. 1700-1500 BC) related to the northern Bactro-Margiana Archaeological Complex (BMAC) have also yielded mostly Mediterranean skeletons.

The youngest branch of the Noachidian race, the Hamites, are stated in the Biblical Table of Nations to be the actual founders of Sumerian and Egyptian cultures since Kush (Sumer) and Mestraim (Egypt) are the sons of Ham.

Influence of the Curse of Babel

According to Genesis 11: 1-9, the Semites, Hamites and Japhetites that are located in the ‘east’ (perhaps Elam) were split into different branches speaking different languages following the curse of Babel. So it is likely that the language of the early Mesopotamian Ubaid culture (ca. 6500-3800 BC) of Elam and Eridu as well as of the earliest Uruk (ca. 4000-3200 BC) and the Semitic proto-Akkadian Kish (ca. 3100 BC), was a common Noachidian one, perhaps a form of (agglutinative) proto-Dravidian/proto-Hurrian, whereas the languages of the Akkadian period (ca. 2300 BC) were already split into (inflected) Akkadian, (agglutinative) Sumerian, (agglutinative) Elamite and (inflected) Āryan.

The Tower of Babel by Valckenborch 1595

The Tower of Babel by Valckenborch 1595 (Public Domain)

The king associated with Babel, where the different branches of the original Noachidian family split into separate cultures, is the Hamitic king, Nimrod, the son of Cush. It is difficult to identify Nimrod with any one of the rulers of Mesopotamia. Levin, for example, suggests that he is a recollection of the famous eastern Semitic ruler Sargon of Akkad (fl. 23rd century BC), who also called himself King of Kish (which may represent the Biblical Cush).

In Pseudo-Philo’s Liber Antiquitatum Biblicarum (Biblical Antiquities) (1st century AD), besides, the Tower of Babel was constructed not just by Nimrod, ruler of the Hamites, but also by Joktan, prince of the Semites, and Phenech, as ruler of the Japhetites. Seely considers the date of the building of the tower to have been between 3500-2400 BC, though it may have been later than the first settlement of Kish around 3100 BC.

Babel tower construction - mosaic in Monreale Cathedral. (Public Domain)

The dating of the Tower of Babel is significant because, although the vast majority of the people in the Mesopotamian region seem to have been of the Mediterranean type, there is a noticeable difference in the Uruk culture of Sumer (fl. 3500 BC), as well as in early Egypt, between an early stratum of Mediterranean folk and a later brachycephalic, or “Armenoid” one. A major difference that is evident between the Ubaid and Uruk cultures is their respective customs of interment, with the former favoring an extended posture of the corpse and the latter a flexed. While the skulls found in the graves of the Ubaid period are all dolicocephalic and “Mediterranean”, those of the subsequent Uruk culture are mixed, showing at first a “predominance of brachycephali” which is gradually replaced by dolichocephaly. The new race thus seems to have been fully assimilated into the older population.

Armenoid Armenian from Kessab, Jebel Akrah. Classified as such in The Races of Europe: A Sociological Study by William Zebina Ripley.

Armenoid Armenian from Kessab, Jebel Akrah. Classified as such in The Races of Europe: A Sociological Study by William Zebina Ripley. (Public Domain)

What of Egypt?

The brachycephalic skulls of Uruk are similar to those found also in early dynastic Egypt. Regarding the oldest Egyptian civilization, which we may characterize as Hamitic, following the Bible and Malalas, it is chiefly characterized by the pottery of the area around Badari and Wadi Hammamat. Petrie identified the group around Wadi Hammamat as “Punites”, or the people who came from Punt and worshipped Min of Coptos. Wilkinson, however, has recently claimed that the petroglyphs from the Badarian period (5000-4000 BC) suggest that the origin of Egyptian civilization is to be found in the Eastern Desert itself. Wilkinson maintains that the people who made the petroglyphs were indigenous Badarians since their boat drawings are earlier than those of the Mesopotamians whom Winkler had considered as the source of his hypothetical group of “Eastern Invaders”.

However, even though the Badarians may have been long settled in Egypt, it is possible that the Badarians themselves were not originally native to Egypt since the “rippling” evidenced in their ceramic decorations also bears a resemblance to that of the Palestinians. This Badarian or “Punite” race may thus have been the Hamitic branch of the proto-Dravidian/Hurrian race which first settled Elam, though the latter was probably original to Anatolia whence it spread to both Elam and Palestine.

Pottery Bowl Early Predynastic, Badarian Fifth millennium BC From El-Badari In addition to the regular black top and interior, this bowl has the characteristic faint grooved pattern of the Badarian period on its surfaces.

Pottery Bowl Early Predynastic, Badarian Fifth millennium BC From El-Badari In addition to the regular black top and interior, this bowl has the characteristic faint grooved pattern of the Badarian period on its surfaces. (Public Domain)

Nevertheless, both in the case of pre-dynastic Egyptians of Naga-ed-der and Giza, and in the case of the Naqada “New Race” graves, G.E. Smith and W.M.F. Petrie, respectively, pointed to the evidence of an intrusive “Armenoid” race that should be distinguished from the original founders of Egyptian civilization. Smith noticed the difference between the indigenous dolicocephalic variety and the alien brachycephalic type both at Naga-ed-der near Abydos and Giza in the Delta, that is, both in Upper and Lower Egypt.

This New Race, also called the Dynastic Race, may have been characteristically brachycephalic, big boned and light-skinned, whereas the Mediterraneans are dolicephalic, small boned and brown. They are in all probability identifiable with the Armenoid, or Alpine, branch of the Indo-Europeans related to the Biblical Japheth.

From Giovanni Battista Belzoni: Egyptian race portrayed in the Book of Gates.

From Giovanni Battista Belzoni: Egyptian race portrayed in the Book of Gates. (Public Domain)

This Armenoid type seems to have, already in the fourth millennium BC, entered the Nile Delta from Palestine and Syria, but, as Petrie points out, the type is equally present in Libya and could have entered Egypt from the west as well. In fact, Petrie notices family resemblances between the “new race”, as he calls them, and the Libyans, Palestinians, Amorites, as well as the earliest inhabitants of Mycenae, Cyprus and even central Italy.

Crete in its Neolithic period seemed to Sir Arthur Evans to be “an insular offshoot of an extensive Anatolian province”. The name of the legendary king Minos of Crete is cognate with Manu/Menes [representing the First Man] and this may be due to their racial relation to the “Armenoid” Egyptians of the Delta, and to those farther west, in Libya, in the period immediately following the Neolithic.

The arrival of the new race is dated by Petrie to around 3200 BC, that is, at the time of the Uruk culture, the rise of which may have been dependent on the infusion of newcomers into a more indigenous Mesopotamian society. As in Mesopotamia, the arrival of the “New Race” in Naqada coincides with the emergence of a greater complexity of social organization. The culture of the later dynastic Egyptians probably involved a fusion of the original Badarian with the “New Race”.

Man depicted on Uruk vase, Pergamon Museum

Man depicted on Uruk vase, Pergamon Museum (CC BY 3.0)

Although the Smith-Petrie theory of the new race has been discounted by contemporary historians, it has been revived recently by a couple of British historians such as David Rohl and Michael Price. And it is quite possible that the “Hamitic” founders of Egyptian dynastic culture and of Sumer may have benefited from an interaction with a rather different race that has been called the New Race, or the Dynastic Race. For a clearer identification of this New Race, we may have to turn to the Beaker Folk who appeared throughout Europe and North Africa in the third millennium BC.

Read Part II HERE

Top image: Noah's Sacrifice - watercolor circa 1896–1902 by James Tissot. This portrays Noah with his family, including his sons Ham, Shem, and Japheth. Source: Public Domain

By Alexander Jacob

Updated on January 14, 2021.


G. Childe, The Dawn of European Civilization, London: K. Paul, Trench, Trubner and Co., 1961, p.109.

G.E. Smith, The Ancient Egytians and the Origin of Civilization, London: Harper, 1923,

F. Bork, “Die Mitanni Sprache”, MVAG, I and II, 1909.

G.W. Brown, “The Possibility of a Connection between Mitanni and the Dravidian languages”, JAOS, 50 (1930), 273-305 .

N. Lahovary, tr. K.A. Nilakantan, Dravidian Origins and the West: Newly discovered ties with the ancient culture and languages, including Basque, of the pre-Indo-European Mediterranean world, Bombay: Orient Longmans, 1963 , p.2.

E.A. Speiser, “The Hurrian participation in the civilizations of Mesopotamia, Syria and Palestine”, Cahiers d’Histoire Mondiale, I,2 (1953), p.313).

G. Wilhelm, The Hurrians, tr. J. Barnes, Warminster: Aris and Phillips Ltd., 1989, p.1.

Interpreter’s Bible, N.Y.: Abingdon Press, 1952, p.665)

B. Landsberger, “The Sumerians” (1943), in Three Essays on the Sumerians, tr. M. De J. Ellis, Los Angeles: Undena Publications, n.d., p.11f.

E. Speiser, Mesopotamian Origins: The basic population of the Near East, Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1930, p.38f.

A. Jacob, Ātman: A Reconstruction of the Solar Cosmology of the Indo-Europeans, Hildeheim: G. Olms, 2005, ‘Introduction’, and Brahman: A Study of the Solar Rituals of the Indo-Europeans, Hildesheim: G. Olms, 2012,  Ch.IV.

A. Parpola, “The Problem of the Aryans and the Soma”, in G. Erdosy (ed.), The Indo-Aryans of Ancient South Asia, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 1995, p.366.

The Interpreter’s Bible, I:560.

Yigal Levin, "Nimrod the Mighty, King of Kish, King of Sumer and Akkad".  Vetus Testamentum. Vol. 52 (2002), pp. 350–356.

J.P. Mallory and Victor Mair, The Tarim Mummies: Ancient China and the Mystery of the Earliest Peoples from the West, London: Thames & Hudson, pp.314-8).

Paul H. Seely, ‘The Date of the Tower of Babel and some theological

Implications’, Westminister Theological Journal, 63 (2001), 15-38.

[1] Short-headed, as distinct from dolicocephalic, long-headed.

J. Oates, “Ur and Eridu”, p. 42;  cf. the same flexed position in the Naqada graves studied by DeMorgan (see G.E. Smith, op.cit., p.89)

H. Frankfort, op.cit., p.9.

G. P.Verbrugghe and J.M. Wickersham, Berossus and Manetho, introduced and translated: Native Traditions in ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt, Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, p.153).

W.M.F. Petrie and J.E. Quibell, Naqada and Ballas, London: Bernard Quaritch, 1896, p.59ff.

T. Wilkinson, Genesis of the Pharoahs, London: Thames and Hudson, 2003 .

S. Mercer, Horus Royal God of Egypt, Grafton, MA: Society of Oriental Research, 1942, pp.5ff.

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt III:63.

G. Steindorf, Aniba, Serv. des Antiquités del’Egypte, Glückstadt, 1935, p.2.

Cf. A. Jacob, Ātman: A Reconstruction of the Solar Cosmology of the Indo-Europeans, Hildesheim: G. Olms, 2005, ‘Introduction; Brahman: A Study of the Solar Rituals of the Indo-Europeans, Hildesheim: G. Olms, 2012, Ch.IV

G.E. Smith, op.cit.

A. Jacob, ‘The Dynastic Race and the Biblical Japheth II’.

The earliest Greeks may also have been part of the Celto-Scythians who emerged in Europe as the Beaker Folk (see the reference to the ‘Italic’ Thoth in Malalas, fn.22 above).

G. Childe, op.cit., p.17. Evans also pointed out the similarities between the cod-pieces of the ancient Libyans and those of the early Bronze Age Minoans (see S. Hood, The Minoans: Crete in the Bronze Age, London: Thames and Hudson, 1971, p.30f).

G. Childe, The Dawn of European Civilization, London: K. Paul, Trench, Trubner and Co., 1961, p.109. The German evidence for this type dates from the late chalcolithic period (early 4 th millenium B.C.) called Danube III.

David Rohl, Legend: The Genesis of Civilisation, London: Century, 1998.

Michael Price, Egypt’s Making, London: Routledge, 1990.



Pete Wagner's picture

Any analysis can be clearly tripped up by giving credibility to long-standing assumptions, or dubious facts that are never seriously challenged.  But fortunately hard evidence, science and logic can appear at any time to dispel any formerly false beliefs.  Some things we can know, like etymology (derives from the Greek etumos, meaning ‘true’, as in Etumologia being the study of words’ true meanings), from our vast extant collection of ancient texts are great pieces of soft evidence that can help form something very solid where hard evidence collelates.  But we cannot go only by the context of what is written, as it may have been just the 'fake news’ of the day.  It’s always important to wonder WHY a text exists in fairly complete form, to why only fragmentary bits of little value exist for others.  Where one exists and another does not, there is a possible bias hand at play, which we cannot ignore.  So with the ancient texts and etymology, we know that the ancient Greeks, whose gods were fair-haired (none were Semitic), saw the Semites as a half-breed of sorts.  We can know this by the etymology of the word Semite, meaning semi-man.  This little tidbit becomes very important when matching it up against ancient Sumerian texts (thanks to many, to include Sitchin, for the work) where we know that the Sumerians called themselves ‘the black-headed people’, almost certainly because of hair color, which is prominent, possibly rooted, in that region.  The Sitchin work also tells us of an advanced alien culture – the Annunaki, whose men took aboriginal women as wives (the Bible might be interpret similarly), and if children were born from them, the word Semite becomes more apparent.  A big question is, would the Sumerians have called themselves “the black-headed people” if there were other black-haired people there at the time?  Then, how different from the Earth aboriginals were the Sumerians.

But we must also acknowledge the Ice Age.  We know it came on suddenly around 115k years ago, and if you add a zero to Plato’s timeline, his description of Atlantis (which he said was destroyed, essentially by angry gods, around 11.5k years ago) would PERFECTLY fit the Richat Structure in Northern Africa (aka Eye of Africa), which was a lush estuary or small inland sea at the time, with seas hundreds of feet higher than today.  If you try to pull this altogether, you may theorize that a black-haired alien race decided to take over a planet of, relatively ‘gentle’ (from from Latin GENTILE, meaning a nation of people), fair-haired people.  But that would just be one of a number of competing theories.  

Now comes the hard science:  DNA analysis has come a long way, and crime labs can now routinely tell race and hair color from DNA alone.  They haven’t done that yet with all the ancient bone finds.  Moreover, they have not yet done the modern, improved analysis to accurately confirm the dates of when the bone were living, in many case now still relying upon the old, highly questionable, dating, which might have been the result of a bias to support an existing theory.  So these two things, accurate dating, and DNA analysis of race/hair color, of ALL available ancient human bone specimens, could get us a LONG WAY in understanding the world from pre-Ice Age times, to the dawn of Sumer, and then to today, at least in terms of race and hair color distribution.

Nobody gets paid to tell the truth.

Paul Davies's picture

We HAVE to get away from the conventional dating of pre-history, which is based on Egyptian lists (Manetho) and fragments fo quoted material from Berosus (no originals exist). There is ample evidence that reading Manetho as consecutive ruling monarchs is WRONG, yet the convetino persists, and extends the backwards reach of the Egyptian civilisation and those we can correlate. 

Adjusting for the errors brings a comfortable match with the Biblical account, with the Flood around 2440BC, Babel around 2100BC, Abraham (1900sBC), Joseph (1700sBC), the Exodus 1446BC, in the reign of Amenhotep III, whose first-born son was Tutankhamun (Akenaten was his second son by a different wife).

There are NO reliable. documents from the past that challenge the Biblical account, and critics of the Bible fail to take into account the unique attributes of the book: it’s internal consistency, it’s simple narrative that consistently proves to be accurate even in minute details, and so on...

Hi All,

Interesting perspective the two article's; are intriguing. However, I still believe in what The Bible teaches always have always will.

Noah himself is the 10th generation from Adam. In the case of Noah's Family his Son's and their wives whose names are strangely absent in Genesis and The Book of Jubilees were the 11th Generation from Adam and Eve.

The Noachidian Lineage represented a New Step in which we were to go as a People in Human History.

As memory serves correct with the Deluge I would think uncovering older artifacts from specific dig sites in Africa they would be dated older interesting the artifacts were found in Northern Africa and present day Middle East.

A while back I watched an Educational Program on PBS it's name
Finding your Root's; hosted by Dr. Henry Gates. Jr. The program investigate the genealogy of Celebrities in learning who they are.

The Kenyan Born Actress Lupita she starred in Black Panther volunteered for The Program. Dr. Gates research Team was astounded because they found Scientific Eve's genetic chromosomes in Lupita essentially She is The Human Race.

Since what was found within Lupita through Finding your Root's surely we can find The Dynastic Race of Japheth; after, the Deluge.

Finding the Root's did provide a Small window of where to begin the search.

We need to find Japheth's Wife's name for She's the Mother of the Aryan Race. Much like Sarah is the Mother of the Israelis.

In 2020, Finding your Root's explored The Italian American actress Marissa Tomei; she starred in Movies such as
"My Cousin Vinny", "The Wrestler".

Marissa' family did come originally from Italy; however, three years prior to Marissa volunteering for Finding your Root's; another Actress Julian Moore investigated her Scottish lineage.

Although the two women are from different countries in Europe somehow through DNA Julian and Marissa are cousins, it's quite an puzzlement, and so The research Team doesn't understand How these two women are Cousins to each other.

I think if we were to learn the name of Japheth's wife; we can begin tracing the Aryan bloodline everybody wants to know where they come from this was one of the reasons why Dr. Henry Gate's. Jr started Finding your Root's.

African American's knew nothing of who we were, accept we were brought from Africa, as Slaves, so let's find out who everybody on The Planet maybe including Japheth's Bloodline.

Before I forget Finding your Root's investigated A Norman Lear through Finding your Root's; He created political/sociological Comedies in The 70s for T.V.

Dr. Gates Team discovered the grave site of his Great-grandfather back in Russia; etched in The Head Stone were three names I don't remember the First Name but, definitely recognized the other two which were Kotath Levi.

Apparently, Dr. Gates recognized those two name's as did I. The name is of one the branches the Tribes of Israel. Norman Lear's people are the Levites.

Levi was the 3rd Son of Israel and Leah, grandson of Isaac and Rebekkah, Great-grandson of Abraham and that's my point of this discussion Dr. Gates research Team saw Abraham's DNA Blue Print.

It's an important discovery because researchers may be able to trace Abraham's DNA Blue Print back to Shem, and our great-grandfather Noah at least, this is how, I see Noah.

Since Finding your Root's they have made a lot of surprising discoveries I can't count the many people whose Ancestors came from Europe and their Roots can go all the way back too Charlemagne as their Nineth great-grandfather.

Somehow Japheth will be found.

This was an exciting article too read tracing history of a whole ethnic group intriguing look forward to reading more but, I have to go so until next time Everyone, Goodbye!

I disagree, Edward. The Enuma Elish uses an Egyptian loan-word for "Ark". Genesis, containing the biblical flood account, was written by Moses who was Egyptian educated.

Since the Biblical tales of Genesis are just a reiteration of the stories from the Enuma Elish, which long preceded it, I would consider any research derived from Genesis to be highly suspect.

Alexander Jacob's picture


Dr Alexander Jacob was born in Madras, India, and obtained his Master’s in English Literature from the University of Leeds and his Ph.D. in the History of Ideas from the Pennsylvania State University His post-doctoral research was conducted at the... Read More

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