Egypt: The pyramids at Giza and the Sphinx. Colour lithograph by G.W. Seitz, ca. 1878

A Forgotten Sphinx and Faked Cartouche: Changing the Course of Ancient Egyptian History?

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Why are Egyptian archaeologists and Egyptologists so adamant in their beliefs that they cannot keep an open mind and admit that they could be wrong? Perhaps it’s because any evidence proving the ancient Egyptians had not built the three main pyramids on the Giza plateau or carved the sphinx would surely change the course of their history and also discredit their writings about those monuments. It is all well and good to live and let live; to respect the fact that others have such strong beliefs that they find it hard to accept the truth - but when they falsify names and deface monuments (such as altering the face of the Sphinx) just to make them fit with those beliefs, it is going beyond acceptable actions.

What is Really Depicted in the ‘Khufu’ Cartouche

I had seen pictures before of the Cartouche supposedly found in the Great Pyramid by Howard Vyse in 1837 and never questioned it other than to suspect that it had been placed there by workers doing restoration work during the time of the 4th Dynasty Pharaoh, who according to that one and only cartouche was called ‘Khufu’. It was only when I decided to take a look at the Kings Lists for ‘Khufu’ and the Pharaohs credited with building the other two large Giza Pyramids that I spotted a very serious anomaly. Virtually all the kings of Egypt had a God name, which like a ‘Christian’ name became part of their full name and throughout all of Dynastic Egypt the one overall God was ‘RA’, who was thought of as the Sun. This god name even lingers on today in names like ‘Rachel’, ‘Rebecca’ and ‘Ralph’, as does another Egyptian God Name ‘Iah’ or ‘Yah’ which we find in ‘James’ (at one time Iames), ‘Jeremiah’, and ‘Isaiah’. When I looked at the Abedjw (Abydos) Kings list, the god name ‘RA’ sprang out in long lines of cartouches. There are at least 40 cartouches in the first two lines of this list with the very recognizable Plain Sun Disc at the head of the name. It is easy to pick out Djedefre, said to be Khufu’s successor, and also Khafre. So, the previous cartouche should have a name beginning with a Disc filled with a crosshatch, but it isn’t. It has the same plain sun disc as all the others - bearing the God name ‘RA’.  

Drawing of the cartouches in the Abydos King List, with detail of the ‘Khufu’ cartouche.

Drawing of the cartouches in the Abydos King List, with detail of the ‘Khufu’ cartouche. ( CC BY SA 3.0 )

This cartouche does in fact spell out RA F W - not at all like ‘Khufu’ as they want us to believe. The hieroglyph for this sound is  .   As we can see, the parallel lines extend from one side of the circle to the other and there are 5 in number. There isn’t one cartouche with this hieroglyph in any of the Kings Lists I have found - yet this is the cartouche allegedly found by Howard Vyse in 1837 in the Great Pyramid and this is the only item upon which every mainstream Egyptologist claims to prove that a King called Khufu built it:

The ‘Khufu’ cartouche.

The ‘Khufu’ cartouche. ( Robert Bauval )

What we see here is completely different as there are two Quail Chick hieroglyphs to start with, representing the letter ‘W’, and the Sun Disc looks like there was an attempt to draw in the 5 parallel lines but all we have are three tiny strokes. In any case, this is not one of the two cartouches that Vyse copied from some other source into his diary. In one of his rough drawings the Sun Disc has a blob and not one line or stroke - that is what he presented as proof for the name ‘Khufu’.

It was only after I spotted this that I discovered others had noticed the fraud before me and one honest researcher, Scott Creighton had his book, ‘The Great Pyramid Hoax’ published in December 2016. From the reviews much more came to light. One member of the team that accompanied Vyse into the pyramid would have nothing to do with what he saw being done and immediately left the team. A descendant of Humphries Brewer claims that his ancestor saw paint being used - that can be the only explanation for the cartouche today in the Great Pyramid having different markings in the Sun Disc from the drawing Vyse made and claimed to have seen. Someone in more recent years has tried to make the hieroglyph look more like the one for the ‘Kh’ letters.

Comments

Is there a citation for any more info on the 16th century (and beyond) sketches of the second sphinx? Very interesting!

Magicians of the Gods is amazing!

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