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 Ancient Underground Network of tunnels From Scotland to Turkey

Extensive Ancient Underground Networks Discovered Throughout Europe

Archaeologists uncovered thousands of Stone Age underground tunnels, stretching across Europe from Scotland to Turkey, perplexing researchers as to their original purpose.

German archaeologist Dr Heinrich Kusch, in his book ‘ Secrets of the Underground Door to an Ancient World ’ (Original title in German: "Tore zur Unterwelt: Das Geheimnis der unterirdischen Gänge aus uralter Zeit ...") revealed that tunnels were dug under literally hundreds of Neolithic settlements all over Europe and the fact that so many tunnels have survived 12,000 years indicates that the original networks must have been huge.

'In Bavaria in Germany alone we have found 700 metres of these underground tunnel networks. In Styria in Austria we have found 350 metres,' he said. 'Across Europe there were thousands of them - from the north in Scotland down to the Mediterranean.

The tunnels are quite small, measuring only 70cm in width, which is just enough for a person to crawl through. In some places there are small rooms, storage chambers and seating areas.

While many believe Stone Age humans were primitive, incredible discoveries such as the 12,000 year-old temple called Gobekli Tepe in Turkey and Stonehenge in England - which demonstrate advanced astronomical knowledge - indicate that they were not as primitive as many believe.

The discovery of a vast network of tunnels suggests that Stone Age humans were not just spending their days hunting and gathering.  However, the real purpose of the tunnels is still a matter of speculation. Some experts believe they were a way of protecting man from predators while others believe they were a way for people to travel safely, sheltered from harsh weather conditions or even wars and violence. However, at this stage scientists are only able to guess, as the tunnels have not yet revealed all their secrets of the past.

You may also like to read Part 1 of my research on Underground Cities and Networks worldwide, as well as Part 2 on incredible discoveries all around the World.

You can read Part 2 here: Discoveries of vast underground networks spanning countries and maybe even continents. - See more at: http://www.ancient-origins.net/myths-legends-europe-asia-americas/underg...
You can read Part 2 here: Discoveries of vast underground networks spanning countries and maybe even continents. - See more at: http://www.ancient-origins.net/myths-legends-europe-asia-americas/underg...

By April Holloway

Comments

I'm going to guess they used those tunnels to survive when certain things happened in the environment.

There is plenty of similar tunnel and archaeological stuff like that in Sardinia, Italy. The problem is, in Italy the government has never ever spent money for scientific and archaeological research. So we hope one day someone from abroad will study the very great archaeological because italians have never ever shown any interest for that. But there are tunnels like that, very much, all around the island, and many other founds that seem to be connected to the civilazion who built that, like domus the janas, menhirs, dolmen, cromlech, "pozzi sacri" and only place in the world, the "nuraghi". The sardinian folklore is very rich, but speaks widely about the culture and the civilizations connected to all these founds. And, because italians do not want to spend money for scientific research in Sardinia, we hope somone from abroad can afford it. Sorry for my english.

It is my contention that all European and American tunnel systems are simply survival technology during the Third Meltwater Pulse (between 11,200 and 7,000 years ago. During that period, ice melt from the Laurentide sheet and other northern glaciers melted so rapidly oceans rose 195' (that means worldwide) in just over 4,000 years. To accomplish that astounding feat requires a known amount of thermodynamic energy. The exact calculation can be obtained by any competent math student. It requires a given heat index to melt a gallon of water from a block of ice. Multiply that by the number of gallons of water in worldwide oceans at 195' depth, and you have the total energy required to produce the Third Meltwater Pulse. The actual number is staggering.

In addition, the above mentioned pulse started 'instantly' about 11,200 years ago, and ended as instantly 7,000 years ago. The only Occam's Razor postulate that accounts for such a huge energy transfer is an remarkably high heat index increase in the earth's ambient temperature. And the only probably explanation for that is that the Earth moved closer to the sun in some cataclysmic event (called the "Pool Ball Effect" of an encounter or near impact with a passing large body. The only other alternative is that the Sun moved closer to the Earth, though much less practical.

If the ambient surface temperature increased to the level that would account for the tremendous ice sheet melt of that period, that surface temperature would be globally like living in Death Valley full time, or something on the order of 115 to 120 degree surface temperature or slightly more. Such a temperature would render the surface nearly uninhabitable, except for short periods of time, driving populations to build underground cities and tunnel travel systems.

It is my opinion as to the explanations for the subterranean tunnels and habitation systems found all over the world.

Tsurugi's picture

John,

I agree with the possibility that the tunnels were for protection from heat during the end of the LGM. I just wanted to suggest a third possibility for the cause of the heat: a prolonged increase in solar output.

Our sun is not a flare star, but it is technically 2% variable, and along with the 11-year cycle, there are many other cycles that are much longer, most of which scientists are still stuggling to understand.
I think it is a reasonable speculation to suggest that there could be times when both long and short-term cycles align such that the solar output increases, stabilizes that way for a time, then drops back down. The increase and decrease would happen very suddenly, matching what we see with the meltwater pulses.

This mechanism could also explain the periods of glaciation and ensuing ice ages. If there are cycle alignments that result in increased luminosity, there will be opposing alignments resulting in decreased luminosity.

I wouldn't disagree with you (particularly as you are arguing the Plasma Universe theory of the Electric Sky folks, Hal Thornhill, et.al.) In general, I don't disagree with the theory, although it does not square with all the facts of the mid Holocene cataclysms. The Younger Dryas event at 12,800 YBP and the Hudson Bay event at 11,200 YBP, as well as the Last Great Cataclysm at 7,000 YBP have left hard evidence they were major impact events. I won't cover them here, but Firestone and West do a credible job of defining their research on the so called 'Carolina Bays' from the Hudson Bay impact event. The Younger Dryas event has long been considered an extraordinary impact event, though no one has identified the crater. Well, I have fixed that issue.

In my current book that I am in final edit on, I will make the case that a projectile about 25-30 miles across hit the Earth in the Pacific Northwest near Mt. Sacajawea in NE Oregon, penetrated the Earth and exited in the Taklimakan Desert in Western China.

The event accounts for every anomaly of the Y-D impact. One of the results was a major change in the charge density of our Electrostatic Field envelope (referred to as 'Gravity' by the non technical, Quantum Physics folks) which caused large heavy flora and fauna to go extinct almost instantaneously. There is no other explanation for 120 ton animals being able to walk upright or 500 lb flyers to cruise the skies except less (by magnitudes of scale) dense 'gravity'. The best Scientists in the Electrogravatics crowd, particularly Tesla, Asp, Brown and LaVoliette all make the case that 'G' as a force is in reality an Electrostatic Field. I tend to agree with them, which puts me at some slight odds with the Electric Sky Plasma model.

I don't disagree that the hockey stick graph of the last several ice ages reflect something very regular in terms of heat index is occurring over very long time frames. That does not mean however, that cataclysmic impact and other driver events do not occur quite regular on our planet, because they do. When a dipole exchange takes place on our planet, for example, whether it corresponds to a similar exchange on the Sun or not, I am sure the planet reacts in some very catastrophic (to flora and fauna) processes.

I will make most of the case in my book that our historical records, tribal legends, myths, and religions reflect a time in our not so distant past when two major planets were much closer to us than they are today. Shades of The Saturn Theory. So some series of catastrophic events clouded the early Holocene, destroying whole species, and I will make the case that dinosaurs including T-Rex and other large carnivores were part of that extinction level event. As well as human giants.

All that being said, I still like the theory that the Sun probably is a whole lot less stable that we tend to expect it to be. And it probably wrecks havoc on our earth on a fairly regular basis.

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