Underground cities and networks around the World

Underground cities and networks around the World – Myths and Reality (Part 1)

(Read the article on one page)

Underground structures even whole cities have always been part of most of the world’s myths and religions. A few have been discovered but most of them have not. Side by side with the stories about underground structures, we have underground networks and tunnels connecting different places and sometimes extending for many kilometres and even between different countries.

In this article we will explore the myths and legends from all over the world that refer to underground cities and tunnels as well as what archaeologists and researchers have found and how these findings may be connected to such stories.

Underground Networks and Cities in Myths and Legends

According to mythological traditions, underground sites were mostly referred to as entrances to the underworld and we find such references all around the world. Although most of us think of the ‘underworld’ as a representation of ‘hell’ and therefore an imaginary or spiritual place for ‘bad’ people, in reality in ancient religions that wasn’t the case. The underworld was a place where the dead would go, but it was a place with physical entrances, guards, buildings and cities, and a place that a few mortals could visit and even communicate with the dead souls, gods, kings or the armies of the underworld. In a few cases though, according to the legends, they could even resurrect a dead person.

One of the most famous underground cities is the city of Agartha, a legendary city that is supposed to be in the centre of the Earth, the Earth’s Core.  Central Asia is the origin of those legends and the race inhabiting this underground realm was called the Agharti. Theosophists refer to Agartha as a vast complex of caves and an underground network that was inhabited by the Asuras (evil demons) and enemies of the Gods. This underground network was supposedly made by man.

In Hindu mythology there are legends of a race called the Nagas, serpent like intelligent creatures with human faces that live in underground caverns. Those creatures are described as ‘children of Gods’ – immortal and able to fly - who got married with human kings and queens and supposedly spiritually advanced. Similarly, in Chinese legends dragons are not the ugly flying beasts that we believe today, but wise creature that would be mentors of kings and creators of kingdoms. Many Tibetans are mentioned to have entered those caves of the Nagas that expand miles and miles inside the mountains of Asia.

What is interesting is that a strange light emanates in those underground realms which has also been mentioned as the hollow earth inner sun . So the underground cities are not in dark as we would believe. Some of those realms now are inside Earth while in the past they used to be on the surface but were forced to move inside Earth due to circumstances like attacks or maybe even climate change.

Shambhala (a Sanskrit word meaning ‘place of peace’) is another famous holy place that for some is supposed to be a spiritual ‘paradise’, but for others it is suggested to be a real underground city with references of people that have actually visited it. Legends mention that the King of Shambhala travelled to Indi to meet Buddha and listen to his teachings. One major difference with Shambhala is that it is supposed to be a holy place in comparison to Agartha, which is a place of demons. According to Helena Blavatsky, Shambhala is located in the Gobi Desert.

On the other side of Earth, in America we have the legend of Akakor, a legend that the latest adventure of Indiana Jones and the Crystal Skulls was based on. Tatunca Nara, an Amazon jungle guide, claims to have seen the city and described not only the city but also the chronicles of the underground kingdom. According to that legend ‘Gods’ came from a solar system known as ‘Schwerta’ and built an underground tunnel system in South America. This civilization left 13 underground cities in South America in the jungles of Amazon, yet to be found.

In the Mayan mythology we have the mythical underground city of Xibalba, ‘the land that the sun goes down into’ which was inhabited by superheroes and Gods, a civilization that supposedly vanished around the Middle Ages. The entrance to this world was thought to be located in Guatemala and description of the structures and locations within Xibalba are described in Popol Vuh .

In Greece, we have the myths of Hades and the Underworld, a realm where gods and heroes lived. God Pluto was the God of the Underworld which had many different sections including the Elysium and Tartarus.


very interesting

new to this site I am happy to find a place that compares the myths of different cultures side by side. If only people could understand that our similarities are much stronger than our differences!



gregsorrell's picture

Love this... I recently read about Cappadocia in Anatolia, Turkey in an article by Robert Schoch. Really stunning. Lots of theories abound but it makes good sense to me that these were possibly constructed by practical people who knew that some kind of cataclysm was coming. Makes me feel deeply sad & also profoundly proud of what our ancestors were able to do...

Love this information. Thank you to you & everyone reading.

"... we definitely know that the Nazi’s had the most advanced technology than any other country of the world during World War II."

The allies were already working on things like jet engines and the atom bomb at the same time that Germany was looking at these same things. Their advanced technology was only years or even months ahead of the allies' technology. There's no need to infer that ancient aliens might have been passing info to the Germans. It was all well within reach of the human scientists and engineers of that time.

There are two worlds or dimensions on the Earth, the "upper (northern) world and the lower (southern) underworld", which simply are dividing the Earth hemispheres.

When the Underworld is mentioned in myths, this does not dela with any holes or caves in the Earth, but it deals with the celestial realms of the southern hemisphere.

Here we find the southern contours of the Milky Way and the Milky Way center from where everything is created in our galaxy. This center of formation is mythically called "the cosmic womb" and this Milky Way southernly contours is mythically imagined as both a celestial Cow and a huge celestial Woman in the Sky.

As a center of creation our galaxy is sort of a hollow structure because of its spherical electromagnetic currents and magnetic circuits and as such the very center can be mytho-cosmologically described as a womb or a cosmic cave which was duplicated and made by humans on Earth as a ritual structure in order to gain cosmic knowledge of the creation.

I don´t think there is a hollow Earth, but it seems that the myts of creation and the mythical division of the worlds is misunderstood and misconcepted. The Underworld is not a hole in the Earth but a cosmic hole in the Milky Way galaxy.

Ivar Nielsen

Register to become part of our active community, get updates, receive a monthly newsletter, and enjoy the benefits and rewards of our member point system OR just post your comment below as a Guest.

Related Ancient Origins Articles

Our Mission

At Ancient Origins, we believe that one of the most important fields of knowledge we can pursue as human beings is our beginnings. And while some people may seem content with the story as it stands, our view is that there exists countless mysteries, scientific anomalies and surprising artifacts that have yet to be discovered and explained.

The goal of Ancient Origins is to highlight recent archaeological discoveries, peer-reviewed academic research and evidence, as well as offering alternative viewpoints and explanations of science, archaeology, mythology, religion and history around the globe.

We’re the only Pop Archaeology site combining scientific research with out-of-the-box perspectives.

By bringing together top experts and authors, this archaeology website explores lost civilizations, examines sacred writings, tours ancient places, investigates ancient discoveries and questions mysterious happenings. Our open community is dedicated to digging into the origins of our species on planet earth, and question wherever the discoveries might take us. We seek to retell the story of our beginnings. 

Ancient Image Galleries

View from the Castle Gate (Burgtor). (Public Domain)
Door surrounded by roots of Tetrameles nudiflora in the Khmer temple of Ta Phrom, Angkor temple complex, located today in Cambodia. (CC BY-SA 3.0)
Cable car in the Xihai (West Sea) Grand Canyon (CC BY-SA 4.0)
Next article