Underground cities and networks around the World

Underground cities and networks around the World – Discoveries (Part 2)

Recently in my article I mentioned how extensive underground networks of tunnels have been found throughout Europe. Here we explore some of the other remarkable underground discoveries that have occurred throughout the world.

Turkey

Derinkuyu in Cappadocia in Turkey is probably the largest underground city that has been discovered to date. It spans more than 8 levels going as deep as 80 meters with more than 600 entrances to the surface. Although the date the original city was built is unknown, the Turkish Department of Culture dates the city back to the 8th century BC.  It was made by the Phrygians, ancient Indo-European people, who worshiped the “Great Mother”, Cybele, as the Greeks and Romans knew her. The Phrygians developed an advanced culture, famous for its music and the legend of King Midas, a Phrygian King, who turned everything he touched into gold.  

Why the city was built is still unknown, but what is known is that it was used by the Christians escaping persecution from the Roman Empire in the 2nd century AD. Cappadocia includes a huge number of underground tunnels and ‘cities’ and more and more are discovered every year.

Egypt

In Egypt, the Giza Plateau has an enormous underground system that is a combination of manmade caverns and tunnels as well as subterranean rivers and passages. Since 1978 the caverns have been mapped using ground penetrating radar with the explorations led by Dr Jim Hurtak who has supposedly entered massive chambers larger than our largest cathedrals. A few historians believe that the underground cave system in Giza, is the legendary ‘City of the Gods’, the massive underground city described by ancient writers Herodotus (5th century BC) and Strabo (1st Century AD). Herodotus wrote:

There I saw twelve palaces regularly disposed, which had communication with each other, interspersed with terraces and arranged around twelve halls. It is hard to believe they are the work of man. The walls are covered with carved figures, and each court is exquisitely built of white marble and surrounded by a colonnade. Near the corner where the labyrinth ends, there is a pyramid, two hundred and forty feet in height, with great carved figures of animals on it and an underground passage by which it can be entered. I was told very credibly that underground chambers and passages connected this pyramid with the pyramids at Memphis.

Furthermore, he spoke of the discovery of a multi-level megalithic metropolis under Giza that was 15,000 years old.

Many ancient writers supported Herodotus' record of underground passages connecting major pyramids and Lamblichus, a fourth-century Syrian representative of the Alexandrian School of mystical and philosophical studies, recorded information about an entranceway through the body of the Sphinx into the Great Pyramid:

This entrance, obstructed in our day by sands and rubbish, may still be traced between the forelegs of the crouched colossus. It was formerly closed by a bronze gate whose secret spring could be operated only by the Magi. It was guarded by public respect, and a sort of religious fear maintained its inviolability better than armed protection would have done. In the belly of the Sphinx were cut out galleries leading to the subterranean part of the Great Pyramid.  These galleries were so art-fully crisscrossed along their course to the Pyramid that, in setting forth into the passage without a guide throughout this network, one ceasingly and inevitably returned to the starting point.

Since the declassification of the ground penetrating radar, more and more underground systems have been discovered but not yet explored in various places around the world.

Wales

During the summer of 1998, cave explorers using scientific equipment were able to confirm that a linked cave system some 15 miles in length exists underground in North Wales.

South and Central America

In Guatemala, 800 kilometres worth of tunnels have been mapped underneath the Mayan pyramid complex at Tikal.  Researchers have suggested that this may provide an explanation for how half a million Mayans escaped the decimation of their culture.

In 2008 archaeologists in Mexico discovered eleven stone temples in underground caves including an underground road that Mayans believe that it was the road to the Mythical underworld city known as Xibalba as mentioned in the previous article.

North America

In April of 1909 there was a story in the Phoenix Gazette entitled ‘Explorations in Grand Canyon’ where a man named Kinkaid discovered several hundred underground rooms some of them containing artifacts such as weapons and instruments unknown to native Americans, Egyptian-like hieroglyphics, mummies and a Buddha-like statue.

In 1985 in an article in Search magazine, there was a story by a Naval officer saying that they found underwater tunnels that span several hundred miles.

China

In 1992, 24 man-made caves were discovered in China, displaying incredible craftsmanship that would have involved the excavation of 36,000 cubic meters of stone. The floor of the grotto was more than two thousand square meters with the tallest point exceeding 30 metres. There are no historical references of the caves and the reason why they were built is unknown.

Europe

In 2012 in Italy archaeologists found an underground pyramid shaped vault of Etruskan origins with a series of tunnels starting from that point probably extending deep inside the ground dated before 1000 BC. Carved stairs run down the wall deeper into other tunnels where another pyramidal structure was found.

In Naples, a labyrinth of several miles of tunnels lies below the city, an underground city that spreads below the old town with many myths and legends surrounding them.

In Malta a network of tunnels was found under the historic capital of Malta, Valleta. Myths say that the network of tunnels in Malta even includes underground cities.

Legends of ‘Gods’ building vast underground cities to be protected by events on the surface appear in the myths and legends of multiple different continents from Egypt to America to China.  Could that be the explanation for the thousands of tunnels, caves and underground cities around the world?  It seems to me that further research and exploration is needed to uncover just what these underground networks for used for, why they were built and by whom. Until then, their existence remains a mystery.

You can read Part 1 here.

By April Holloway

References

Derinkuyu in Cappadocia

Subterranean Tunnels, Underground Alien Bases

Mysterious Tunnels

Admiral Byrd’s Epoch-Making Discovery

Underground Constructions

Comments

See, for example, some webpages I' ve been created:
https://www.facebook.com/pages/Gli-Ipogei-della-Sicilia/315894828456656
or
https://sites.google.com/site/unarcheology/home/cos-e-unofficial-archeology
At present day nobody knows if, and how much, those hypogea are underground living places or supported ritual functions. Through a very long time-span, probably both...
Hi! and congratulations for your pages!
francesco

I think as in the pitcures 1 2 and 4 one of the biggest questions I would have is this! How did they light these caves and tunnel systems? It is not with a carbon based (burning something) system that would leave a residue of some sort of soot on the ceilings and possible the walls!

great finds! Keep me updated

Awesome.

archaeologyrocks

It is my contention that all European and American tunnel systems are simply survival technology during the Third Meltwater Pulse (between 11,200 and 7,000 years ago. During that period, ice melt from the Laurentide sheet and other northern glaciers melted so rapidly oceans rose 195' (that means worldwide) in just over 4,000 years. To accomplish that astounding feat requires a known amount of thermodynamic energy. The exact calculation can be obtained by any competent math student. It requires a given heat index to melt a gallon of water from a block of ice. Multiply that by the number of gallons of water in worldwide oceans at 195' depth, and you have the total energy required to produce the Third Meltwater Pulse. The actual number is staggering.
In addition, the above mentioned pulse started 'instantly' about 11,200 years ago, and ended as instantly 7,000 years ago. The only Occam's Razor postulate that accounts for such a huge energy transfer is an remarkably high heat index increase in the earth's ambient temperature. And the only probably explanation for that is that the Earth moved closer to the sun in some cataclysmic event (called the "Pool Ball Effect" of an encounter or near impact with a passing large body. The only other alternative is that the Sun moved closer to the Earth, though much less practical.

If the ambient surface temperature increased to the level that would account for the tremendous ice sheet melt of that period, that surface temperature would be globally like living in Death Valley full time, or something on the order of 115 to 120 degree surface temperature or slightly more. Such a temperature would render the surface nearly uninhabitable, except for short periods of time, driving populations to build underground cities and tunnel travel systems.

It is my opinion as to the explanations for the subterranean tunnels and habitation systems found all over the world.

I have much more research evidence to support the above view than just my opinion. For example, the Zep Tepi (early pre-dynasty Egyptians) chronicled at least two previous calendars, one of 360 solar days, and an earlier one of 288 solar days. The 360 day calendar was the original form of all developing cultures from the Sumerians, Egyptians, Ethiopians, Chinese, and Maya. Which was followed by an addition of 5.25 'dead days' about 3,600 years ago. If the Zep Tepi calendar changed to a shorter cycle as indicated by their records, then the Earth got significantly closer to the sun. When the Ice Melt Pulse ended -7,000 years ago almost exactly, the Earth moved back out to a 360 day solar cycle, which is evidenced in ALL early cultures. The early Zodiac attests to that cycle.

I am writing a book on the subject, which should be out later this year.

John Jensen
Ancient Canal Builders, Earth Epochs, Electrostatic Earth

I know that our current understanding of the history of intelligent life on theis planet is quote flawed. We really have no idea of what 'a long time' is. Instead of 'In the begining' I believe the truth starts with...'Once upon a time a long time ago, in a place far far away....'. Everything pretty much changed for me after reading Genisis...I think it's chap.6 ver 4 when the Nephilium are mentioned...yea...that kind of changes everything.

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