The Legend of Atlantis: Between Ancient Ruins and a Philosopher’s Tale

The Legend of Atlantis: Between Ancient Ruins and a Philosopher’s Tale

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Atlantis is many things to many people. To some, it is a fictional island and city that a philosopher with a vivid imagination invented to illustrate a moral point, and nothing more. To others, it is merely a Bronze Age civilization that existed no more than a thousand years before the time of classical Greece whose grandeur and power were exaggerated beyond all proportions. But there are a few who maintain the belief, so ridiculed by most scholars, that Atlantis was not only everything Plato said it was—a spectacularly advanced civilization that existed before the dawn of recorded history as we know it, but more besides, namely, that it was the ancestral mother culture of all known civilizations whose legacy, though forgotten to history, has been preserved in the myths and stories of cultures all across the world and in the mysterious monuments found all around the globe.

The Birth of Nininger City

Plato, who is regarded by Atlantis researchers and skeptics alike as the sole authoritative source on this ancient city, never stated outright that Atlantis was the origin of all civilization. This bold and sweeping claim was made, over two millennia later, by the most unlikely of individuals, separated from the Mediterranean World whence the legend originated by a vast ocean of distance and time, namely by Ignatius Donnelly. An eccentric and idealistic man given to harebrained schemes, Donnelly founded a city named Nininger City which quickly became a ghost town following an economic downturn that swept the country.

Having learned the lesson that it was much more difficult to create a new community than to join an existing one, he entered politics and found considerably greater success: he served as the lieutenant governor of his adopted state of Minnesota on the eve of the Civil War, and also aligned himself with the Radical Republican faction in the war and shortly thereafter. Disillusioned by the increasing corruption of the Republican Party, he later switched parties and then retired from politics altogether, choosing to devote his still considerable energies to writing a book about yet another subject that had captured the attention of his restless mind, namely the lost civilization of Atlantis.

Deriv; Terror Antiquus by L.Bakst (1908) (Public Domain), Translation of Plato's Timaeus. (Public Domain).

Deriv; Terror Antiquus by L.Bakst (1908) ( Public Domain ), Translation of Plato's Timaeus. ( Public Domain ).

Enjoying the privilege of unlimited access to the archives of the Library of Congress, Donnelly developed a novel thesis of breathtaking scope. He argued that the apparent similarities between cultures that were separated by vast oceans, and hence were isolated from each other throughout all of recorded history, could be explained by the influence of a worldwide civilization that had existed in remote antiquity and had spread its influence throughout the world before it met its demise. Donnelly's book, titled  Atlantis: The Antediluvian World , found a receptive audience and became one of the best-selling books of its time.

The Antediluvian World and Pyramid Civilizations

In Chapter 5 of Part IV of  Atlantis: The Antediluvian World , titled  The Pyramid, The Cross, and The Garden of Eden , Donnelly argues for the existence of Atlantis as follows: 

"How did the human mind hit upon this singular edifice--the pyramid? By what process of development did it reach it? Why should these extraordinary structures crop out on the banks of the Nile, and amid the forests and plains of America? And why, in both countries, should they stand with their sides square to the four cardinal points of the compass? ... Is it possible to suppose all these extraordinary coincidences to be the result of accident? We might just as well say that the similarities between the American and English forms of government were not the relationship or descent, but that men placed in similar circumstances had spontaneously and necessarily reached the same results." 

The perceptive reader who is well-acquainted with Plato's account of Atlantis may have noticed that Donnelly's argument, strictly speaking, does not support the existence of Atlantis  per se , but only the existence of  some pyramid-building civilization that bequeathed its legacy to the Egyptians, the Maya and Aztec, and the other known pyramid-building civilizations across the world, as Plato never actually mentions pyramids in his dialogues concerning Atlantis! 

Plato's Atlantis described in Timaeus and Critias.

Plato's Atlantis described in Timaeus and Critias. ( Public Domain )

If, on the contrary, Plato  had said that Atlantis built pyramids, it would be difficult to deny that Plato's account of Atlantis was a veritable fact, for to maintain that Plato's account was fictional would mean that Plato, by pure chance, happened to invent a story about a prehistoric pyramid building civilization—precisely the civilization whose existence is pointed to by evidence only available in modern times—at a time when there was no evidence to suggest that such a civilization should have existed. Such a coincidence would have been so unlikely that it would have sufficed to demonstrate the veracity of Plato's account of Atlantis beyond reasonable doubt. This raises the question: Is there some structure, motif, or symbol that Plato  does mention in his account of Atlantis that is also found in known civilizations, both in the Old World and the New, that Donnelly did not mention? In fact, there is.

Comments

I have long thought that a global civilization existed and fell prior to out known history. I think it much more likely than the ancient astronaut theory. I think it the only explanation for all the large, underwater structures being discovered in the oceans off India, Japan etc.

Regarding Plato's story, I’ve read a fictional series by an author named Kattie McKinsey (I think I spelled her name right) who theorizes that there were actually 2 places called Atlantis by the ancients. One was located off the coast of Spain and the other was the island of Thera. In her series, Atlantis 1 sank when the waters rose at the end of the ice ages and Thera, of course, blew itself to pieces when the volcano exploded. Plato, in order to write a cautionary tale combined aspects of the two stories with most of the attributes of the Atlanteans from Atlantis 1 and the destruction from Atlantis 2. Although I have no idea if any  of this is based in fact or just a product of the author’s imagination, I find the theory interesting and wonder if it could be  the truth.

I would say the reason why there were so many cities and sites built in concentric circles is simply due to the fact that the sites and cities were built/ constructed/ created in a 5126 year esoteric or feminine cycle. There are 5x 5126 year cycles in one of mother earthes 25,630 year earth cycle. The planet has just completed a 5126 year masculine cycle at the end of 2012. Masculine energy is linear, angular, sharp, hard and heirarchical and we can see the masculine energy in most of the architecture of the last 5126 years. In Christain churches people sit in lines, the church structure is angular, square, linear, created from patriarchial or masculine energy. Feminine energy is circular,, round, soft, gentle and equal (no heirarchies) and when you see anything built in a circular manner you know the culture and society which built the structures are feminine or matrarichial societies. For example the yurtz and tepee are  circular structures. Indigenous people whose create sacred ceremony off the medicince wheel (circular/ spiral) are matrarichial cultures. In feminine sacred ceremonies everyone sits as an equal to learn, there is no heiarchy, people learn knowledge through experience and from inside of themselves. Prior to around 3115 bc, the underlying energy of the time was feminine due to it being a 5126 feminine cycle. None of this is hard to understand if one understands earth cycles, astrological cycles and feminine esoteric knowledge. Was there a world wide culture, possibly, but what one can know for sure was that any circlur structure is of feminine energy, hence the underlying energy of the times in which these structures were built was feminine and cultures were esoteric.

I may have found it while chasing down other Stories and Locations shared here at Ancient Origins. If so then it has been right under our noses the whole time...we have just been thinking too small. The location would explain a huge number of discoveries over the last 200 years. It Truly fits the Description of Atlantis and there is "in your face" proof all over the place.

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