Piasa

The Tradition of the Piasa and the Mysterious Rock Art of the Mississippi

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Along the river of the Mississippi Valley where its banks form the boundary between Illinois and Missouri, there exists thousands of ancient pictographs carved or painted on rocks, on walls in cave shelters, and beneath overhanging cliffs. For hundreds of years these images have been described in the journals of explorers, heard about through whispers of townspeople, scrawled in old town records and in innumerable reports of ethnologists and archaeologists. One would be hard-pressed to find a more enigmatic and curious image than that of the Piasa. Its name is Native American and in the Illini signifies, “ The bird which devours men”.

In the town of Alton, Illinois is a narrow ravine through which a small stream flows into the Mississippi River. Near the mouth of this stream, a hundred feet high up on the face of the cliff side is a modern representation of the Piasa. The image was first written about in 1673 by French missionary priest Jacques Marquette while recording his journey down the Mississippi with Louis Joliet. Marquette describes the image as “ as large as a calf, with horns like a roebuck, red eyes, a beard like a tiger and a frightful countenance. The face was something like that of a man, the body covered in scales, and the tail so long that it passed entirely around the body, over the head and between the legs, ending like a fish.”

The original image was visible until 1847 when the entire face of the bluff was quarried away, however, the legend endures.

The legend of the Piasa Bird dates back to long before European explorers came to region. It has been traced to a band of Illiniwek Indians who lived along the Mississippi in the vicinity north of present-day Alton. This tribe, led by a chief named Owatoga, hunted and fished the valley and the river and lived a contented life until the "great beast" came. In 1836 John Russel, a professor of Greek & Latin at Shurtleff College in Upper Alton published an account of the legend as told by the Illini.

Many thousand moons before the arrival of the pale faces, when the Mastodon & great Magalonyx were still living in the land of green prairies, there existed a bird of such dimensions that he could easily carry off in his talons a full grown deer. Having obtained a taste for human flesh, from that time he would prey on nothing else. He was artful as he was powerful and he would dart suddenly and unexpectedly upon an Indian, bear him off into one of the caves of the bluff and devour him. Hundreds of warriors attempted for years to destroy him, but without success. Whole villages were nearly depopulated, and consternation spread through all the tribes of the Illini.

Such was the state of affairs when Ouatogo, the great chief of the Illini fasted in solitude for the space of a whole moon, and prayed to the Great Spirit that he would protect his children from the Piasa. On the last night of the fast the Great Spirit appeared to Ouatogo in a dream, and directed him to select 20 of his bravest warriors, each armed with a bow and poisoned arrows, and conceal them in a designated spot. Near the place of concealment another warrior was to stand in open view, as a victim for the Piasa, which they must shoot the instant he pounced on his prey. The next morning the warriors were quickly selected and placed in ambush as directed. Ouatogo offered himself as the victim. Placing himself in open view on the bluffs, he soon saw the Piasa perched on the cliff eying his prey. The Piasa rose into the air and darted down on his victim. Scarcely had the horrid creature reached his prey before every bow was sprung and every arrow sent into his body. The Piasa uttered a fearful scream, that sounded far over the opposite side of the river, and expired. Ouatogo was unharmed. There was wild rejoicing among the Illini and the brave chief was carried in triumph to the council house, where it was solemnly agreed that, in memory of the great event in their nation’s history, the image of the Piasa should be engraved on the bluff.

The Piasa

The Piasa. Image Source .

John Russel, in his 1836 report continues, “ My curiosity was principally directed to the examination of a cave, connected with the tradition as one of those to which that bird had carried its human victims. Preceded by an intelligent guide, I set out on my excursion. The cave was extremely difficult of access and at one point I stood at an elevation of 150 feet on the perpendicular face of the bluff, with barely room to sustain one foot. After a long, perilous climb we reached the cave. The floor of the cavern throughout its extent was one mass of human bones. To what depth they extended I was unable to decide, but we dug to the depth of 3-4 feet in every part of the cavern, and still we found only bones. The remains of thousands must have been deposited here.”

Comments

The myths of North America and other continents are strong proof that a monstrous winged lizard lived within the memories of mankind. The only counter-evidence to pterosaurs living just 10,000 years ago is the dating techniques that are championed by orthodox scientists.

if you look at the transcribed story, it mentions that the event that inspired the legend took place roughly sometime in the Pleistocene period, by mention of mastodons and the Megalonyx giant ground sloth. around that time there were a number of these teratorns existing throughout the Americas, with the largest, Argentavis, having a wingspan of 7 meters. They, along with a large number of animals, went extinct during the Pleistocene-Quarternary Extinction event..... curiously coinciding with the currently accepted time frame of human arrival in the Americas from the Eurasian landbridge. 'currently accepted'

"if you look at the transcribed story" Point well taken, LOL

Looks like I should count to "10" before tapping out a comment, Eh?

We tend to look at the stories of old with contemporary eyes whatever century that is, 18th, 19th or 21st century. We are no different than the Illiniwek people. They recorded what they saw and what they experienced. So, I am not going to try and re-write their stories by putting a modern spin on it. That's disgraceful. Instead we should take it at face-value and leave it at that. A big flying creature had a taste for Human meat that met it's demise at the hand of it's next meal. Period.

As for what the drawing resembles? I dunno. I suggest we look for something like the Piasa in fossil records.

John Russel's account of being in the creature's lair and seeing the bones of thousands if it's victims is enough credible evidence to doccument the Illini's oral and pictograph tradition. It's modern Archeology that refuses to allow the truth to exist beyond their narrow mindedness. I wonder if the Smithsonian had paid a visit to the cliff caves in the early 19th century and confiscated all the evidence which ran contrary to the prescribed evolutionary "spin" just as they have destroyed the truth of the red haired giants and Dinosaurs walking with Man?

gregsorrell's picture

MATH_FELLOW,

I agree wholeheartedly with your perspectives. I see that we do indeed look at stories like this thru a very limited contemporary lens. I've always thought that simply discounting stories like this as myth is such a dis-service to the peoples to whom this story truly resonated. 

As far as what the Piasa might be - I have researched this a little bit and found out about a bird called 'Teratorn'. There are 5 species of this bird that have been found mostly in the LaBrea Tar Pits in CA but they've also been found in Argentina. The teratorn is the largest flyinig bird that we know to have existed. At its largest, we've found a skeleton that had a wingspan of 26 feet & its estimated that the particular bird weighed 200 lbs and could fly at speeds of 150 mph. Could you imagine?

I don't think its too far off to think that perhaps some of these birds survived. 

As far as the Smithsonian goes, I'm sure that happened. All throughout the 1800s they were the 1st people at the sight of one of these kinds of discoveries and from what I can see they either bought the artifacts or the land or confiscated them promising to return them after testing but most accounts show that they never kept up their end of the bargain.

I believe that stories like this serve as evidence that our human story is far more complex and reaches so far back in time that we could scarcely comprehend it. So many fascinating stories and finds... 

Thanks for the comment. I appreciate your points.

 

greg sorrell

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