Ragnarok: The Rainbow Bridge that Connects Heaven and Earth at the Caribbean Basin – Part II
According to the Old Norse philologist Rudolf Simek and religious historian Mircea Eliade, Ragnarök marks the end of a cosmic cycle that will repeat ad infinitum. I argue that the Norsemen also preserve the account of a strange and wonderful land doomed to destruction, a land that upon closer inspection bears a striking resemblance to precisely this dry and habitable Caribbean Basin, were it to have existed.
In the long run, the entire boundary of the Caribbean plate will rise above sea level, thus closing the gaps that now exist between the islands of the West Indies and resulting in the isolation of the Caribbean Basin from the Atlantic Ocean and its eventual evaporation.
Geological Forces Causing Cycles of Drying and Flooding
Let us divide the entire length of the Caribbean Plate’s rim into some number of equally spaced intervals such that the length of each interval is large enough that each section contains at least one volcano. Within each interval, a volcanic eruption occurs at some frequency, and some eruptions increase the volcano’s height, whereas others decrease it. This scenario is analogous to the following hypothetical scenario.
Consider an automobile race in which there are 100 different cars and drivers. Initially, some of the racecars are placed in front of the starting line, whereas others are placed at varying lengths behind it - just as some intervals along the rim of the Caribbean plate lie above sea level whereas others lie below it, at varying altitudes above and below. Now, imagine that each of the cars is randomly selected to be in either the reverse or forward gear, and that the driver, at the end of a random interval of time, presses the gas pedal with a certain force and duration - just as each of the eruptions of the volcanoes in each of the intervals along the rim of the Caribbean plate can either increase the volcano’s height or decrease it by varying amounts.
A hypothetical car race – will the Caribbean plate lie above or below sea level? ( CC BY 2.0 )
It can be mathematically proven, and is intuitively clear, that all of the racecars will either be ahead or behind the starting line after the passage of a finite and reasonably small interval of time, as this problem is just a special case of the multi-agent, one-dimensional random walk problem, which always has a solution. Therefore, one may analogously prove that all of the intervals along the rim of the Caribbean Plate will either be entirely above or entirely below sea level at some time in the future; the case in which all intervals are above sea level is the case we wish to prove. But this implies that the Caribbean Sea, which is situated on the Caribbean Plate, will become isolated from the Atlantic Ocean, and hence will almost certainly dry up in the future since the rate of evaporation over the Caribbean Sea can be expected to exceed the rate of runoff and precipitation into it indefinitely.
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Map of the Caribbean Sea and Basin. ( Public Domain )
Now, imagine the scenario in which the above has come to pass, namely in which the Caribbean Sea has evaporated away because it has become isolated from the Atlantic Ocean due to the formation of this continuous landmass encircling it. As has been demonstrated earlier, some volcanic eruptions cause an increase in a volcano’s height, whereas others decrease it.
Further, imagine that a volcanic eruption occurs that fulfills all of the following conditions: first, the volcano’s height is reduced in the eruption, secondly, the magnitude of this height reduction exceeds the original elevation of the volcano above sea level, and thirdly, the volcano is large enough in breadth that it extends across the entire width of the contiguous landmass. In such a scenario, the volcano will form a gap in this previously contiguous landmass, and the Atlantic Ocean will begin to pour through this gap in a massive flood impossible to stop by any force, either human or divine, thus causing the dry basin to once again become a sea. This flood must occur, as given a sufficient interval of time, such a volcano fulfilling these conditions must also occur.
Water pours down over a rocky ledge and into basin below. (Flickr/ CC BY-ND 2.0 )