Are There Really Plans to Build a Tunnel Under Stonehenge?

Are There Really Plans to Build a Tunnel Under Stonehenge?

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The UK Department for Transport has announced major plans to transform the A303 highway. This highway is the one which runs alongside the world-famous site of Stonehenge. Their plans are to improve traffic in the area as well as change the appearance and feel of the site by building a tunnel under the megaliths and doing away with the current road. However, many historians, archaeologists, and ancient history enthusiasts are shocked and outraged by this proposal. They assert that the tunnel could wreak havoc on unknown archaeological sites which may be located nearby.

Stonehenge is one of the most famous prehistoric structures in the world. The megaliths draw in thousands of tourists every year who marvel at the enigmatic site. The stone circle has been studied by scientists, archaeologists, and historians for centuries, however the exact purpose of the monument is still uncertain.

Some of the recent finds made at and around Stonehenge involve discoveries about ancient gender equality , a smaller Bluestonehenge, a 5,600-Year-Old Ceremonial Center built before the famous stone circle,  a 4,500-year-old megalithic super-henge (just one mile away), and hints at fifteen or more previously unknown monuments in the vicinity.

A digital reconstruction of Bluestonehenge by Henry Rothwell.

A digital reconstruction of Bluestonehenge by Henry Rothwell. ( CC BY SA 3.0 )

It’s easy to see why the area is so appealing for archaeologists, historians, and tourists. But what would an underground tunnel mean for this region and the archaeological wonders it holds?

The Telegraph says that there have been campaigners complaining about the 24,000-plus vehicles passing by Stonehenge daily, which they argue disrupts “the peace and tranquility of the World Heritage site.”

To which the announcement on the UK Department of Transport website asserts that:

“The single carriageway section of the A303 currently runs alongside the stones and the proposed option is to construct a 1.8 mile dual carriageway tunnel to improve journey times, remove the sight and sound of traffic and enhance the world heritage site.”

Traffic on the A303, with Stonehenge in the background.

Traffic on the A303, with Stonehenge in the background. ( OGL v3.0 )

The Telegraph reports that this tunnel has been a long time coming – it has been delayed for 30 years by fears of stepping on the toes of historians and environmentalists.

And perhaps they were right to be concerned, Global News reports there are strong worries coming out by historians and history enthusiasts  that the tunnel will cause more problems than it could solve. As historian Tom Holland has stated in a Youtube video ‘No Tunnel!’:

“I think it would be a catastrophe — an act of vandalism that would shame our country and our generation… Stonehenge did not exist in isolation. Stretching all around it are traces stamped, not just in the field, in the very subsoil of Salisbury Plain — the most archaeologically significant landscape anywhere in Europe. Lose it to the tunnel and you lose our beginnings.”

However it is interesting to note that UNESCO has given the project the green light and the Council for British Archaeology has also suggested that the tunnel may be okay – as long as it is longer than the proposed 1.8 miles (2.9 km).

A303 passing close to Stonehenge.

A303 passing close to Stonehenge. ( CC BY-SA 2.0 )

So, Ancient Origins asks you: What are your opinions about this? Is it more important to build the tunnel and get rid of the eyesore of a roadway running along the monument which makes transport for locals and tourists difficult - regardless of possible archaeological ramifications? Would you prefer to see the tunnel created (and possible discoveries made while it is in construction) to do away with the noisy, polluted highway? Are there other solutions you can think of which would make both the historians and the department of transport content?

The beginnings of work on the proposed tunnel are still three years away, and if you live in one of the areas noted on the   UK Department of Transport website , you can find out more about the proposed tunnel and take part in the in public consultations in-person. The Stonehenge consultation has already launched online as well and a feedback form about the tunnel scheme is available until March 5, 2017.

Top Image: Stonehenge, located near Salisbury in the English county of Wiltshire. Source: CC BY-NC-ND 2.0

Comments

YHWH Allah's picture

G-D funded A303 "The Pagan Tunnel", 5.5 kilometres (3.4 miles).
Withdraw Gold from Heel Stone Vault within Avenue Banks time.
http://www.megalithic.co.uk/article.php?sid=2146414233

5.5 km = 3.42 mi

Mishkan 1.2m below Heel Stone
@ Stonehenge, United Kingdom

Provincial Grand Lodge of Wiltshire voted FOR "The Pagan Tunnel"
5.5 km (3.42 mi), AGAINST "The Druid Tunnel", and AGAINST
"The Wiccan Tunnel". Complete Agreement by all Masons

http://www.pglwilts.org.uk/

IT IS DONE

Howard Hughes
Roland Totera

I hope they are eventually dissuaded from doing this. It would be a terrible change in that whole area and I think it would take alot away from Stonehenge historically, not to mention archeologically. The whole idea just makes me very sad and I'm American. Still I have a great love, great interest and much respect for finds and sites of the past. They should be left alone...not tampered with.
Is there anyway to redirect that highway so it's not near that section? Speed isn't the only way to get from Point A to Point B when you think about it. The idea of them going underneath Stonehenge to dig a tunnel just doesn't sound right to me. Have they thought of problems to the site that might be caused by this? I'm glad the whole operation is still 3 years away. Mabe they can still come up with a better plan.

Roberto Peron's picture

I strongly oppose such tunnel!!  There are undiscovered ruins and artifacts in the area.  Sites that have not yet been excavated.  Take your highway and MOVE IT about 60 miles away!!  I’ve had enough of this wholesale destruction of such sites!  What’s the difference between this and ISIS blowing up ancient ruins?  One day we in the Wet will learn to honor our ancestors.  However, the way things have been going of late I doubt we will learn that in a positive way!  Nothing is sacred today in modern society and that is one reason why we see so much unrest and sicknesss IMO.  We MUST respect these ancient sites and do eerything we can to preserve them.  A tunnel under this site is NOT preservation!!

 

Cousin_Jack's picture

Put simply, if they want to build a tunnel there they will. What’s wrong with the road as it?

YHWH Allah's picture

Traffic flows on the A303 between Amesbury and Winterbourne Stoke
(the section including Stonehenge) are above capacity of the road.
The Highways Agency has determined the A303 road unsafe.

Knights Templar: Knight Grand Cross of the Temple
"The Pagan Tunnel" of Wilts: 5.5 km (3.42 mi)

http://www.ugle.org.uk/
http://www.pglwilts.org.uk/

IT IS DONE

Albert Frederick Arthur George Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Supreme Council: 33º Ancient and Accepted Rite

Mishkan 1.2m below Heel Stone
@ Stonehenge, United Kingdom

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