Exodus - Bible

The Exodus - Intervention from the Gods

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The story of Exodus in the Bible is well known. It is described in the second book of the Bible and tells of the departure of the Jewish people from Egypt. More or less, the Exodus gives birth to Israel as a nation.

For 400 years the Jews, according to The Bible, were oppressed by the Egyptians while living in Egypt. This event was prophesized by ‘God’ in Genesis, where he revealed to Abraham what they were going to go through in Egypt, and how he would later punish the Egyptians.

When the sun went down, Abram fell sound asleep. Then great terror overwhelmed him. 13 Then the Lord said to Abram, “Know for certain that your descendants will be strangers in a foreign country. They will be enslaved and oppressed for four hundred years. 14 But I will execute judgment on the nation that they will serve. Afterward they will come out with many possessions.  Genesis 15

God promised Abraham’s descendant’s possessions. Abraham, Joseph, and many other Hebrews become very wealthy in Egypt, even owning Egyptian servants. The Jewish population in this era must have exceeded 3 million.

It is Moses who fulfilled the last part of the prophecy, the departure of the Jews from Egypt. According to The Bible, Moses was raised as a son of the pharaoh, and according to the High Priest and most famous Egyptian historian, Manetho, his real name was Osarseph. Osarseph was a son of the tribe of Levi and received the teachings of Pharaoh Akhnaton at Heliopolis, the ‘rebel’ pharaoh who gave birth to monotheism with sun god Aton. Coincidence?

It is clearly mentioned in the scripture that Moses had direct and literal contact with God, following his instructions step by step. A prime incident is when he received the Ten Commandments from God himself on Mount Sinai. During the account in Genesis, God explains to Moses exactly what to do, how the Exodus would take place, and how he would deliberately punish the Egyptians, forcing them to expel the Jewish people from Egypt. It becomes clear that God did not want a peaceful resolution to the situation and lead many Egyptians to their own demise:

But the LORD hardened Pharaoh's heart and he would not listen to Moses and Aaron, just as the LORD had said to Moses.  Exodus 9:12

The result was meant to show God’s power and so his people would fear him and follow him without question:

I've also done it so you can tell your children and grandchildren about how I made a mockery of the Egyptians and about the signs I displayed among them--and so you will know that I am the LORD.  Exodus 10:2

God commanded Moses to go to the Pharaoh and ask him for Jewish freedom, each time hardening the pharaoh so that the answer would be no, and in response God sent the ten Egyptian plagues, one by one. The first one was to convert the water to blood:

And the LORD spoke unto Moses, Say unto Aaron, Take thy rod, and stretch out thine hand upon the waters of Egypt, upon their streams, upon their rivers, and upon their ponds, and upon all their pools of water, that they may become blood; and that there may be blood throughout all the land of Egypt, both in vessels of wood, and in vessels of stone. Exodus 7:19

The second plague involved frogs:

And the river shall bring forth frogs abundantly, which shall go up and come into thine house, and into thy bedchamber, and upon thy bed, and into the house of thy servants, and upon thy people, and into thine ovens, and into thy kneading troughs. And the frogs shall come up both on thee, and upon thy people, and upon all thy servants.  Exodus: 8:3-4

The Gnats of lice followed as the third plague:

And the LORD said unto Moses, Say unto Aaron, Stretch out thy rod, and smite the dust of the land, that it may become lice throughout all the land of Egypt.  Exodus 8:16

The fourth and fifth plagues were the swarms of flies and the sickening of the livestock:

Else, if thou wilt not let my people go, behold, I will send swarms of flies upon thee, and upon thy servants, and upon thy people, and into thy houses: and the houses of the Egyptians shall be full of swarms of flies, and also the ground whereon they are.  Exodus 8:21

Behold, the hand of the LORD is upon thy cattle which is in the field, upon the horses, upon the asses, upon the camels, upon the oxen, and upon the sheep: there shall be a very grievous murrain.  Exodus 9:3

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