The Green Children of Woolpit

The Green Children of Woolpit: the 12th century legend of visitors from another world

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The Children of Woolpit is an ancient account dating back to the 12 th century, which tells of two children that appeared on the edge of a field in the village of Woolpit in England.  The young girl and boy had green-hued skin and spoke an unknown language. The children became sick and the boy died, but the girl recovered and over the years came to learn English. She later relayed the story of their origins, saying they came from a place called St Martin’s Land, which existed in an atmosphere of permanent twilight, and where the people lived underground.  While some view the story as a folk tale that that describes an imaginary  encounter with inhabitants of another world beneath our feet or even extraterrestrial, others accept it as a real, but somewhat altered account of a historical event that merits further investigation.

The account is set in the village of Woolpit located in Suffolk, East Anglia. In the Middle Ages, it lay within the most agriculturally productive and densely populated area of rural England. The village had belonged to the rich and powerful Abbey of Bury St. Edmunds.

The ruins of the Abbey of Bury St. Edmunds

The ruins of the Abbey of Bury St. Edmunds ( Wikipedia)

The story was recorded by two 12 th century chroniclers  - Ralph of Coggestall (died c 1228 AD), an abbot of a Cistercian monastery at Coggeshall (about 26 miles / 42 km south of Woolpit), who recorded his account of the green children in the Chronicon Anglicanum (English Chronicle); and William of Newburgh (1136-1198 AD), an English historian and canon at the Augustinian Newburgh Priory, far to the north in Yorkshire, who includes the story of the green children in his main work Historia rerum Anglicarum (History of English Affairs).  The writers stated that the events took place within the reign of King Stephen (1135-54) or King Henry II (1154-1189), depending on which version of the story you read.

The Story of the Green Children

According to the account of the green children, a boy and his sister were found by reapers working their fields at harvest time near some ditches that had been excavated to trap wolves at St Mary’s of the Wolf Pits (Woolpit). Their skin was tinged with a green hue, their clothes were made from unfamiliar materials, and their speech was unintelligible to the reapers. They were taken to the village, where they were eventually accepted into the home of local landowner, Sir Richard de Caine at Wilkes. 

The children would not eat any food presented to them but appeared starving. Eventually, the villagers brought round recently harvested beans, which the children devoured. They survived only on beans for many months until they acquired a taste for bread.

The boy became sick and soon succumbed to illness and died, while the girl remained in good health and eventually lost her green-tinged skin. She learned how to speak English and was later married to a man at King’s Lynn, in the neighboring county of Norfolk. According to some accounts, she took the name ‘Agnes Barre’ and the man she married was an ambassador of Henry II, although these details have not been verified. After she learned how to speak English, she relayed the story of their origins.

Artist’s depiction of the Green Children of Woolpit

Artist’s depiction of the Green Children of Woolpit ( Image source )

A Strange Underground Land

The girl reported that she and her brother came from the “Land of Saint Martin”, where there was no sun, but a perpetual twilight, and all the inhabitants were green like them. She described another ‘luminous’ land that could be seen across a river.

She and her brother were looking after their father’s flock, when they came upon a cave. They entered the cave and wandered through the darkness for a long time until they came out the other side, entering into bright sunlight, which they found startling. It was then that they were found by the reapers.

Explanations

Over the centuries, many theories have been put forward to explain this strange account. Regarding their green colouring, one proposal is that the children were suffering from Hypochromic Anemia, originally known as Chlorosis (coming from the Greek word ‘Chloris’, meaning greenish-yellow). The condition is caused by a very poor diet that affects the color of the red blood cells and results in a noticeably green shade of the skin. In support of this theory is the fact that the girl is described as returning to a normal color after adopting a healthy diet.

Comments

I guess those who think that this story originates from 'game of thrones' are just foetuses in that they have grown up only in the new (3rd millennium) when they had internet and hundreds of television channels, game consoles, video games and numerous other things to warp their minds; since those of us who were born and grew up in the last 2nd millennium) had little to nothing what children these days do.

The story is so much older than 'game of thrones', I can assure you, since I can count on both hands the volumes of books I read growing up about the story of the Wolpitt 'green children'.

Part of the "evolution" of the speci is the ability to gain insight from an open mind. I battle not for the good or bad, the right nor wrong, but rather the ability to gain enlightenment through time and experience from the open flood gates of right brain thinking. Coincidence becomes repetitive and daily thought is challenged by the hyper activity of accelerated thought. I always remember where I came from and how at one time I was so hard to reach. And my desire to inform comes from my desire to be informed. And in sincere positive criticism, I see a gift and potential in you to convey your thoughts. I feel you are sincere in your search for the truth, as all of us should be. But I thought unheard behind excuse of condescending arrogance is inherent to the fault-finders. Deji Esji

I guess mental midgets who cannot interpret contextual clues to ascertain the premise of a sentence, should avoid proclamations which attempt to highlight the intellectual ineptitude of others.Come on down out of your fossilized ivory tower. They were saying that the writer of Game of Thrones got the idea from this legend. You blew your high and mighty load for nothing.

I thought the same thing

Justbod's picture

Fascinating story. As Deaegean writes, we can only speculate unless something happens in our time. Very interesting though. Thanks for the article - I'd never heard the story before.

Sculptures, carvings & artwork inspired by a love of history & nature: www.justbod.co.uk

 

 

 

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