Aboriginal rock paintings that show astronomical alignments

Stone Age Text Links Australia to Europe: Initial Evidence for Worldwide Travel by an Ancient Stone Age Civilization

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Dr. Derek Cunningham has recently introduced a new intriguing theory to archaeology that many geometric patterns seen worldwide are a form of ancient text, with the angular writing based on the astronomical values used by astronomers to measure time and predict eclipse events. In this theory it was noted that many geometrical patterns seen throughout the archaeological record align to angles matching the circa 1 degree sidereal motion of earth as it travels around the sun; the 5.1 degree angle of the moon’s orbital plane relative to Earth, the 18.6 year lunar cycle, and the 27.32 day sidereal month.

One of his early studies was the preliminary analysis of Saksaywaman Temple in Peru , where he argued that the polygonal walls of the temple align, and also the entire temple complex were designed to align to these key astronomical values. In this theory the angular offsets are argued to be either offsets angled to either above or below the horizontal or to the left and right of the vertical; with perhaps the direction of the offset marking a vowel sound and the angle the sound of the consonant. Thus it is quite possible that the walls could have created a basic but readable text.

The polygonal walls of Saksaywaman in Peru

The polygonal walls of Saksaywaman in Peru

Arrangement of stones in a wall at Saksaywaman. Astronomical values can be found in the form of an angular array, offset to either above or below the horizontal, or the right or left of the vertical.

Arrangement of stones in a wall at Saksaywaman. Astronomical values can be found in the form of an angular array, offset to either above or below the horizontal, or the right or left of the vertical. Photo credit: Derek Cunningham

In Derek’s most recent study of this proposed angular text, he has returned with what can only be said is a well thought out study that takes direct aim at the often used counter argument that the alignments are actually totally random.

In this new test, Derek reasoned that if all geometric patterns found worldwide are entirely random, then even if within the experiment deliberate bias is shown to align the geometric image so that one particular angle dominates - in other words to force an optimum angular alignment - then because in the counter argument all lines are entirely randomly distributed, then the secondary to quaternary values should also be entirely random. In other words, only the primary value optimised should be the same.

If, however, the various geometric patterns found worldwide are as Derek claimed an ancient form of text, then perhaps the exact same secondary, tertiary and quaternary angular values should be emphasised in the various ancient images. And that is exactly what he found.

Using the 5.1 degree angle representing the moon’s orbital plane relative to Earth as a key reference point for his study, a very careful study of Australian geometric images has revealed that the secondary to quaternary angles seen most in geometric artwork does repetitively and routinely aligned to the same secondary to quaternary angular values. For the preliminary study Australia was chosen because it has remained isolated for much of its history, and thus the observed result could not be argued to be caused by potential long distance trade routes.

Derek then chose to extend this study to look at to various geometric images found in Europe . This included a comparison with the Polygonal walls found at Delphi, and an interesting analysis of the extremely archaic and unusual fan motif found carved on a tibia bone of a straight-tusked elephant at Bilzingsleben in Germany. In each case the intent was to directly compare the European secondary to quaternary angular values with those seen in ancient Australian geometrics. 

Photograph showing part of the Polygonal Wall found under the Temple of Apollo at Delphi.

Photograph showing part of the Polygonal Wall found under the Temple of Apollo at Delphi. Image taken by Dr. Derek Cunningham.


Image of a 20,000-year-old Cylcon held in the collection of ancient writing of Martin Schøyen. Here a detailed analysis of the various lines present on the stone showed an identical angular distribution to the Polygonal Stone Wall found at Delphi  

After a careful study of the angular distribution produced by the various polygonal stones found at Delphi it was determined that the same angular preferences seen in Australia are indeed found in distant Europe. Specifically, it was found that European and Australian art both emphasised the 18.6 year lunar cycle and the 27.32 day sidereal month; and because identical primary to quaternary values were seen, the statistical analysis argues that the link between these images must date back at least 50,000 years ago. This suggests that an ancient Stone Age civilization was actively traveling the world, leaving behind postcards for us to find. 


Time for history to be re-written about who traveled where and why! It's clear from the evidence, that mainstream teachings have lied to peddle misinformation to sheep in academic settings for personal gain, rather than teaching the facts. Our predecessors were smarter than we ever gave them credit for. We think we are so smart today with all the technology we have, yet people are getting dumber every day. Academia teaches from archaic models of ideas and thoughts, for monetary profit over facts and reality. Egypt and its Pyramids are much older than the stated and given dates. The world is lost in this AD/BC time frame that was concocted to control humans and peddle junk science and fake reality. Remove AD/BC from all academic models and teach BCE or CE, Before Common Era and Common Era and then truth will be revealed. They didn't count BC and backwards in dates and times some 5000 years ago. They had a calender that was lost because of some man made myth named "jesus" came about from idiots and morons.

Teach the facts. Ok What facts ? In many cases there are no solid facts and so individuals are left to try and interpret things... Interpretations are just that. They may or may not lead you to the correct conclusion but how can we know either way ? And even if you do come to to accept the wrong conclusion does that mean you've "lied".

History is forever being rewritten whenever or at the very least challenged whenever new evidence is found so I have no idea what you base your demented sounding rants on.

That's the thing. They are taking what are speculative conclusions (aka educated guesses) and teaching them as if they are solid facts. And those "facts" are then built on until there's a whole edifice of possibilities that are taken to be "the whole truth and nothing but the truth."

This is a very important discovery and my congratulations go to Derek. To all of those who study our past do not let this discovery pass you by as it will, in the future, prove to be more that just useful but critical in understanding.

Jason,(above) we didn’t lose the calendar. It cannot be lost or destroyed.



Stone Age Text Man is a recent phenomenom, dating from Ley-line theories back in the Hippietime. These faithfilled beings have been known to publish star charts based, for example of the Saksaywaman stones, quite forgetting that they are whats left of walls that used to be several stories high. They have been known to imagine in fact, that any irregularly trimmed and/or placed stones, whether in a wall or in the ground even were designed to indicate celestial bodies in the Heavens, and then years later, even more fanatical extremists thought they saw correlations between stones in one place and old bones in quite another, without for an instant realizing that such hand-held obects alignments are entirely dependant on the direction they are put or turned- rather like Planet Earth, and that their is a risk their children will next see omens and phantoms in the dregs of their Starbucks (get it?) paper cups, just as their great grandparents had in tea leaves and twigs let fall at random. I am awaiting close examination of the stone finger in the Damascus Museum. It is claimed that it is covered with ancient writings, but surely this too is misleading.


Using your above suggestions in a google search produces no hits. A search of Stone Age geometric text or Stone Age Astronomical Text only links to the astronomical theory put forward here. So this is the first time that this particular theory has been suggested.

Dr. Derek Cunningham
Author The Long Journey (400,000 Years of Stone Age Science)

For those who are interested in the idea put forward here, this Australian data is based on much more detailed work that was published in The Long Journey: 400,000 Years of Stone Age Science.

The theory explains the physical layout of numerous archaeological sites, the structure of ancient myths and legends, the reason for the Mayan Reset and it uses the same astronomical data outlined here to explain the location of many ancient sites found worldwide.

Dr. Derek Cunningham
Author The Long Journey (400,000 Years of Stone Age Science)

In the Damascus Museum, there is, or there used to be a stone finger- rather like that illustrated in the article- which IS why I mentioned it. It is reckoned to be anything up to about 9000 years old, and is covered in writing. This is the age claimed for the age of several cities in that area. If you cannot Google it at the moment there is a war going on, you know, conducting again by groups of people arguing over nothing.....

Just to clarify. The image shown here is an Australian Cylcon not a finger bone. It is a quite large stone that is circa 20,000 years old. 

...the reason why this particular stone is key to this study is the circa 200 lines etched on its surface. This image in the article shows only one side of the stone. 

A very large number of lines assists the statistical analysis, because I can now use experimental bias to happily align the primary alignment to 5.1 degrees, because in this specific study the primary alignment is then immediately thrown out and then no longer becomes central to the second part of the test.

The second part of the test (which is the key to the test) is to now ignore the 5.1 degree alignment and instead to look at only the second most; third most; and fourth most common alignments. 

If the alignments are random, as current archaeological theory insists, then the second most to fourth most common alignments should logically also be entirely random, and no statistical link should be seen between very distant art pieces. 

However, If the theory of a world Stone Age text is correct then these secondary alignments should be common throughout the archaeological record. 

Surprisingly that is what is found, the second to fourth most common values are not just similar.....they are in many cases identical. 

Until now no archaeologist has ever systematically studied the angular distribution seen in these geometric images, because they had no method to systematically align the geometric image. Archaeologists are not astronomers.

Have a look at the two source papers.....I think you will see that the study is very carefully thought out, and statistically the data does links Europe to ancient Australia. The various links between various archaeological sites and art pieces are also described in more detail within my book. 

Dr. Derek Cunningham
Author The Long Journey (400,000 Years of Stone Age Science)

I find it intriguing that the hand prints found in European caves are also found elsewhere.
I remember seeing a photo of one located in Tierra Del Fuego and another in Indonesia(?).
It seems that the unusual method of making the prints - pigment blown through a reed against a hand pressed against the stone - would indicate (at least to me) that the same stone age culture made them.

And the date of the Indonesian handprints is similar to the earliest geometrics found in Europe….


More intriguing is my secondary work which uses a Stone Age map of the stars to make a very intriguing map of Earth.

The Stone Age map uses the exact same astronomical values found in geometric text to mark the location of ancient sites.

Dr. Derek Cunningham
Author The Long Journey (400,000 Years of Stone Age Science)

It is always VERY important to try to enter the mindset of a primitive culture, before drawing conclusions from the few clues that remain of their lives. Intuition, empathy, insight/experience, experimentation all enter into the equation that produces real, plausible observations in an Anthropological/archaeological investigation. Combine these strong imaginings with actual experience and you have a much stronger foundation for figuring out the lives of primitive cultures.

In my case, I have grown up hunting and gathering in some of the most remote/inhospitable climate/geography in the world. In addition, I have farmed for decades. As a hobby I experiment with ancient weapons, and primitive living. (It started as a way to challenge/reinvigorate my lifestyle while dealing with encroaching technology/development and morphed into a preferred lifestyle for lengthy periods of time.) As a result, I've learned almost all there is to know about domestic and wild animals and hunting/gathering.

Here's the deal about HAND PRINTS... These people spent their entire lives quite isolated, and pursuing animals by their paw/hoof/foot prints. Their weaponry required a stalking/ambush approach to hunting which involves a significant portion of tracking. Animal tracks also can be used for inventory purposes of what is out there, and the primitives keenly inventoried tracks just like a fat person eyes the last slice of cake.

Languages were primitive and groups were small, but the language of hunting was universal, and primitive artists KNEW this truth. Since the cave/rock walls they decorated cannot hold impressions in relief without (noisy/possibly dangerous) chiseling, they chose to use pigment to put their hand prints everywhere. Worldwide. It lays claim to their living space, and says we are this many and here are our paws to prove it.

It is hardly evidence that some genetically related group traversed the world spreading graffiti. Sitting at a desk in suburbia for 3-4 generations might make it seem so, but anyone afield with an atlatl and a knife can see the reason for the hand prints. It is as plain as day.

Is there any correlation to Ogham writing?

Yes there is….Pictish text was the first ancient text I “translated” using the theory. Then the Brandsbutt stone (which has Ogham and Pictish writing on the stone) was used to carry out the first Ogham analysis. Then I extended the study to Linear A and other ancient writings. 

This is a link to the Ogham/Pictish study I completed 3 years ago….


With the test now more refined it might be worthwhile going back to study the Cuneiform texts to (with bias) align the sample to 5.1 degrees then to see what the secondary to quaternary results are…So far what I have seen is a trend towards larger percentages of the lines aligning to eclipse and time data in the deep Stone Age, then as the angular text was adopted into alphabets the percentage slowly reduces, unitl finally the angular component is ignored and the alphabet is adapted as a general text where the angles are no longer considered important. At this point the linear text is then restricted to religious statues, and sites. I also found the same trend in Chinese texts.

Dr. Derek Cunningham
Author The Long Journey (400,000 Years of Stone Age Science)

The dating of Lascaux is not 13,000, it is closer to 17,000. Seeing patterns in things is obsessive and wishful thinking. Clinically, it is Apophenia.

….and repeatedly refusing to study the geometrical patterns found repetitively in Stone Age artefacts could be described as simply not having thought out a way to solve the problem?

The point here is before this work no-one could think of any way to systematically study geometrical samples found in Stone Age artefacts.

The latest papers I completed were designed to (1) address the difficult problem of how to compare disimilar artwork for intent…..that was a really difficult problem to solve, and  (2) to work out how to align mobile art so that disimilar art could be directly compared with immobile art.

...currently standard theories argue that every single time someone see a geometrical pattern it must be a “doodle”...honestly? Really? Tally marks etched on very hard stones so that multiple lines run parallel to one another are just tally marks? Could they not possibly have any other potential meaning? 

OK…..lets be scientific. So how do you prove that a geometrical pattern is a doodle. OK you can’t so lets flip this problem around to be entirely scientific….How do you disprove that it is a doodle.

Guess what … the so-called theory put forward by archaeologists that all stone age geometric patterns are simple doodles is not actually a “theory”

….the reason is simple. Archaeologists have no experimental way to test their proposed lines are all doodles arguement.

When there is no way to test something it is not a theory…. it is just an opinion. 

Now the idea that I put forward that the geometric patterns are encoded astronomical values is a real theory…..because it can be tested. Numerical values can be measured, and compared…..

So great...I now have a way to try to disprove my own theory….So I tried multiple times to disprove the idea that Stone Age man navigated the earth….and I also tried attacking the secondary theory that as the travelled they left behind an ancient text.

One hundred (100) papers later the two theories I have published recently that (a) the Great Pyramids creates an ancient Stone Age map of Earth, and (b) worldwide geoemetrical patterns align to the same range of angular values still remains intact. 



Dr. Derek Cunningham
Author The Long Journey (400,000 Years of Stone Age Science)

Thank you Dr. Cunningham for your impressive work on this sorely neglected subject. 400,000 years of Stone Age Science is a very precise book with measurements included. You have done what I have researched and studied for years, and I am quite enthusiastic about your results. I have been rather obsessed with the subject frankly. I look forward to future updates and contributions from you!

Hi Keileidh,

I would be very interested to see what work you’ve done. In Midnight Science you can send a comment on any of the papers and we can get in touch. The comments are not automatically posted.

Dr. Derek Cunningham
Author The Long Journey (400,000 Years of Stone Age Science)

I would be happy to. I hope you are not in a great hurry as I am in the middle of several projects at the moment, but this has been my pet subject for years. I will contact you through Midnight Science so we can stay in touch. Thanks for your reply! Best- Keileidh

[…..answer made to a prior post (now deleted) that stated the lines are tally marks made by hunters marking the distance to their kill….]

….Tally marks do not require lines to be drawn so that they are parallel to other lines.

I also do not think that a hunter would put tally marks marking the number of steps to their kill as angular polygonal walls found in a temple????

So ….is it not possible that the lines are encoded values where astronomers are writing down the key astronomical value to measure time and predict eclipses. 

So far all the data taken to date is consistent with this theory. 

The alternative theory that the lines are Tally marks does not explain why the same angular values appear in Australia and Europe and South America (the Atacama Giant) and in a 30,000 year old engraved stone found in China.

Again the question is if they are hunter tally marks why take the effort to write distances to a kill on a hard stone in a temple complex? 

The Tally Mark arguement just does not fit observations. Astronomical observations makes much more sense….and it is also now a fact that archaeologists agree that many of these ancient temples are astronomically aligned. So this is a simple extension of what is already known….

Dr. Derek Cunningham
Author The Long Journey (400,000 Years of Stone Age Science)

I caught that...so your words here are acknowledged. Your Concepts shared here at AO has sent me on an in depth search of Possibilities. I am just a Novice with no formal education but I come from a long lineage of Anthropology and Archaeology experience in my family so these things have become a great passion and hobby over the years as an Apprentice.

This being true, I have the luxury of not being influenced by "In the Box" formal Indoctrination designed only to educate one on how to scheme up Financial Grants. So with no drive for monetary gain, I am a Blank Slate when it comes to viewing Theories of possibility with no predetermined assumptions.

As I mentioned, your posts and comments here have sent me on a Journey of discovery. Even though I think it is possible that you may have found a couple coincidences in example, after digging around the last 4 Weeks I fully support and appreciate your Concepts and Theories of Prehistoric Seafaring and the possibility that the North Pole has moved based your Map theory and Ancient Alignments.

Your comment about the Picts fell into the exact research I have been working on the last 4 weeks and it compelled me to drop you a line with a question. Have you found time yet to apply your Map figures in comparison to north of the 66th Parallel? I have formulated a very possible and plausible Theory based on a fresh perspective and view point. May I contact you at MS and drop my "Out of the Mouth of Babes" Theory?

Yep please fell free to drop a line a Midnight Science….

Regarding the North Pole Moving in the proposed map of Earth? That does not happen in my theory.

In the proposed star map of earth theory…. it is not the actual physical North Pole shifitng, but that the Stone Age astronomers were  simply realigning the map of the stars so that they could best take the shape of the underlying continents.

It has to be remember this was a time when there were no libraries, so they needed a very simple idea that could be used by the astronomers to quickly and easily reconstruct a map of Earth. The star map so drawn then easily explains both the Mayan Reset and the layout of the Great Pyramids, as well as the location of numerous ancient geoglyph fields, as well as all the many archaic geoemetric drawings found worldwide…..

Here many anthroloologists have been puzzled by why abstract drawings are older than drawings of animals. The theory proposed here that they were creating a map of Earth would give the motivation for drawing these geoemetrics, and the locations of ancient sites then gives the possibility to structurally test the theory. 

Regarding the accurate plotting of stars further north than circa 60 degrees when time dependent distortions occur in Mercator maps  (I think that is what you are asking in the query about the 66th parallel? – correct me if I’m wrong) that problem was specifically addressed in my book, as well as the question which “North Pole” star would best be used for normalising the proposed Map….the North Pole star changes with time.

This complexity of replotting to Mercator is actually one of the key components in determining the approximate age of the proposed star map…..

So far in my plots of stars north of circa 60 degrees I have found, by normalising the data to the layout argued by the Great Pyramids, that the map does accurately locate both the geoglyphs in the Amazon, and also the Irkutsk Geoglyph field in Russia (the only geoglyph field that extends into the Arctic circle). The stars also map quite accurately the primary religious centres in the Himalayas, as well as those found in other regions of the world. ….Remember this map was used primarily as a navigational aid…..it was as I mentioned in my book only a mirror image of the heavens. It did not actually represent the heavens. It was the Greek Myths that mixed up the two.

Dr. Derek Cunningham
Author The Long Journey (400,000 Years of Stone Age Science)

I am elated to learn that you might have made some correlations in your Navigational projections and the Far North. Without giving away too much here, I would like to share that when looking at the expansion of Humans and early Sea Travel we tend to subconsciously use the Mercator Projection as a perspective of how difficult this feat might have been. Yet here is a very simple different perspective and view point that does indeed make the world a whole lot smaller and it could explain a whole lot of questions still unanswered.

To find that your Navigational Theory and figures may correlate with this differing Earth view perspective might just be a huge game changer. Using known Petroglyph and Geoglyph similarities as an example, I truly think we may all be overlooking a very simple and plausible explanation for a lot of "Mysteries" in Prehistoric Human Expansion. I absolutely think the Earth was Circumnavigated long before any of the "known examples". Get my "Drift" ?

I will get over to MS and drop you a line and presentation about this concept in the next couple days, Thank you...Your Hard Work, Knowledge and Objectiveness are greatly appreciated!

...and one other feature of the astronomical values.

The astronomical values also explain the location of the all the mystery sites found worldwide...both latitude and Longitude.

The astronomical values help create a world map, and the world map is encoded directly into the layout of the Great Pyramids….

As I said I have completed over 100 papers ….and to create a world map you obviously would need a text and you would also need knowledge of mathematics. The data shown here provides evidence for both.

This is not Atlantis…..this is the Stone Age civilisation that created Atlantis.

Dr. Derek Cunningham
Author The Long Journey (400,000 Years of Stone Age Science)

I am particularly interested in learning more about human origins, previous societies, and mysterious places. No spam please. I will buy books from you when I have finished reading the ones I already have.

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